How to format your references using the Progress in Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R. (2001). Transgenic corn found growing in Mexico. Nature, 413(6854), 337.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gandin, V., & Topisirovic, I. (2013). Cell biology. Trans-HSF1 express. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6143), 242–243.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bean, J. L., Kempton, E. M.-R., & Homeier, D. (2010). A ground-based transmission spectrum of the super-Earth exoplanet GJ 1214b. Nature, 468(7324), 669–672.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gustafsson, F. S., Whiteside, M. D., Jiranek, V., & Durall, D. M. (2014). Development and use of a quantum dot probe to track multiple yeast strains in mixed culture. Scientific Reports, 4, 6971.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Graham, L. (2010). Complying with Sarbanes-Oxley Section 404. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lorenzi, N. M., Ash, J. S., Einbinder, J., McPhee, W., & Einbinder, L. (Eds.). (2005). Transforming Health Care Through Information (Second Edition). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Drews, G., Krippeit-Drews, P., & Düfer, M. (2015). Electrophysiology of Islet Cells. In M. S. Islam (Ed.), Islets of Langerhans (pp. 249–303). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Planning.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 23). Destruction of Amazon Rainforest Visible From Space. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Student Financial Aid: Most Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants Are Awarded to Needy Students (HRD-92-47). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seidel, J. G. (2015). Adolescent female stress management curriculum [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorment, L. P. (2017, August 18). Between Gigs, a TV Host Takes a Spin. New York Times, MB2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton, 2001; Gandin & Topisirovic, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gandin & Topisirovic, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Bean et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gustafsson et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Planning
AbbreviationProg. Plann.
ISSN (print)0305-9006
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development

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