How to format your references using the Progress in Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jonas, D. M. (2003). Chemistry. Optical analogs of 2D NMR. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5625), 1515–1517.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ibn-Elhaj, M., & Schadt, M. (2001). Optical polymer thin films with isotropic and anisotropic nano-corrugated surface topologies. Nature, 410(6830), 796–799.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matzke, M., Matzke, A. J., & Kooter, J. M. (2001). RNA: guiding gene silencing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5532), 1080–1083.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Popeijus, H., Overmars, H., Jones, J., Blok, V., Goverse, A., Helder, J., Schots, A., Bakker, J., & Smant, G. (2000). Degradation of plant cell walls by a nematode. Nature, 406(6791), 36–37.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barkham, R. (2012). Real Estate and Globalisation. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Adorni, G., Cagnoni, S., Gori, M., & Maratea, M. (Eds.). (2016). AI*IA 2016 Advances in Artificial Intelligence: XVth International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence, Genova, Italy, November 29 – December 1, 2016, Proceedings (Vol. 10037). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Orton, D. C. (2016). Archaeology as a Tool for Understanding Past Marine Resource Use and Its Impact. In K. Schwerdtner Máñez & B. Poulsen (Eds.), Perspectives on Oceans Past (pp. 47–69). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Planning.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 26). Health Warning: Five Fashion Trends That are Terrible For You. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). DOD Systems Modernization: Continued Investment in the Standard Procurement System Has Not Been Justified (GAO-01-682). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dilenschneider, A. M. (2010). Refusing to be put aside: Women and the meaning of betrayal [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, August 29). Russian, Making Use of Rule, Again Prospers Without Succeeding. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jonas, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Ibn-Elhaj & Schadt, 2001; Jonas, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ibn-Elhaj & Schadt, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Matzke et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Popeijus et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Planning
AbbreviationProg. Plann.
ISSN (print)0305-9006
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development

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