How to format your references using the Progress in Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gittis, A. (2012). Eppendorf finalist. Striatal interneurons: causes of or cures for movement disorders? Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6103), 59.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sloan, P. A., & Palmer, R. E. (2005). Two-electron dissociation of single molecules by atomic manipulation at room temperature. Nature, 434(7031), 367–371.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bréon, F.-M., Tanré, D., & Generoso, S. (2002). Aerosol effect on cloud droplet size monitored from satellite. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5556), 834–838.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jenner, L., Romby, P., Rees, B., Schulze-Briese, C., Springer, M., Ehresmann, C., … Yusupov, M. (2005). Translational operator of mRNA on the ribosome: how repressor proteins exclude ribosome binding. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5718), 120–123.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Michael, E., Gillian, H., Stefan, K., & Alex, L. (2012). Gramsci. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Cotta, C., & Cowling, P. (Eds.). (2009). Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 9th European Conference, EvoCOP 2009, Tübingen, Germany, April 15-17, 2009. Proceedings (Vol. 5482). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Janowska, A., Penczek, W., Półrola, A., & Zbrzezny, A. (2013). Using Integer Time Steps for Checking Branching Time Properties of Time Petri Nets. In M. Koutny, W. M. P. van der Aalst, & A. Yakovlev (Eds.), Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency VIII (pp. 89–105). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Planning.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, March 6). WWF Lays Out 5 Key Goals To Be Achieved By World Wildlife Day 2019. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Financial Literacy: The Federal Government’s Role in Empowering Americans to Make Sound Financial Choices (No. GAO-11-504T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tofthagen, C. S. (2008). Development and psychometric evaluation of the Chemotherapy Induced Peripheral Neuropathy Assessment Tool (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, March 6). Can’t Quit Mother Russia. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gittis, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gittis, 2012; Sloan & Palmer, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sloan & Palmer, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Bréon, Tanré, & Generoso, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jenner et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Planning
AbbreviationProg. Plann.
ISSN (print)0305-9006
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development

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