How to format your references using the Progress in Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trefethen, L. N. (2007). Obituary: Gene H. Golub (1932-2007). Nature, 450(7172), 962.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gray, R. A., & Wikswo, J. P. (2011). Cardiovascular disease: several small shocks beat one big one. Nature, 475(7355), 181–182.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang, J., Goldstein, J. I., & Scott, E. R. D. (2007). Iron meteorite evidence for early formation and catastrophic disruption of protoplanets. Nature, 446(7138), 888–891.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liang, L., Juarez, S., Nga, T. V. T., Dunstan, S., Nakajima-Sasaki, R., Davies, D. H., McSorley, S., Baker, S., & Felgner, P. L. (2013). Immune profiling with a Salmonella Typhi antigen microarray identifies new diagnostic biomarkers of human typhoid. Scientific Reports, 3, 1043.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fell, G. J. (2013). Decoding the IT Value Problem. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cuyper, C. D., & Pérez-Cotapos S, M. L. (Eds.). (2010). Dermatologic Complications with Body Art. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, J., Zhu, W., Zhou, M., & Wang, H. (2011). Power Mean Based Crossover Rate Adaptive Differential Evolution. In H. Deng, D. Miao, J. Lei, & F. L. Wang (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence and Computational Intelligence: Third International Conference, AICI 2011, Taiyuan, China, September 24-25, 2011, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 34–41). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Planning.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 21). DNA Results Suggest Kennewick Man Was Native American. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Justice Software Management (IMTEC-93-35R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rivers, M. (2012). Bridging the knowledge gap between the Baby Boomers and the multigenerations [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, June 8). Moscow Never Sleeps. New York Times, C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trefethen, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Gray & Wikswo, 2011; Trefethen, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gray & Wikswo, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Yang et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Liang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Planning
AbbreviationProg. Plann.
ISSN (print)0305-9006
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development

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