How to format your references using the Progress in Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gerard, C. (2005). Biomedicine. Asthmatics breathe easier when it’s SNO-ing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5728), 1560–1561.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zimmerberg, J., & Chernomordik, L. V. (2005). Neuroscience. Synaptic membranes bend to the will of a neurotoxin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5754), 1626–1627.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foran, E., Weiner, S., & Fine, M. (2013). Biogenic fish-gut calcium carbonate is a stable amorphous phase in the gilt-head seabream, Sparus aurata. Scientific Reports, 3, 1700.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Reysenbach, A.-L., Liu, Y., Banta, A. B., Beveridge, T. J., Kirshtein, J. D., Schouten, S., Tivey, M. K., Von Damm, K. L., & Voytek, M. A. (2006). A ubiquitous thermoacidophilic archaeon from deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Nature, 442(7101), 444–447.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wing, C. (2012). How Your House Works. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vukotic, A. (2011). Apache Tomcat 7 (J. Goodwill, Ed.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Lun, Y. H. V., Lai, K.-H., Wong, C. W. Y., & Cheng, T. C. E. (2016). Development of a Green Shipping Network. In K.-H. Lai, C. W. Y. Wong, & T. C. E. Cheng (Eds.), Green Shipping Management (pp. 61–76). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Planning.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, September 5). The UK Will Ban Plastic Microbeads By 2017. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Federal Surplus Ships: Government Efforts to Address the Growing Backlog of Ships Awaiting Disposal (NSIAD-99-18). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Markarian, L. A. (2010). Strengths, challenges, and quality of life of ALS caregivers [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yanagihara, H. (2017, September 7). Nowhere Man. New York Times, M2128.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gerard, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gerard, 2005; Zimmerberg & Chernomordik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zimmerberg & Chernomordik, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Foran et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Reysenbach et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Planning
AbbreviationProg. Plann.
ISSN (print)0305-9006
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development

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