How to format your references using the Journal of Heat Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Heat Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnson, A., 2013, “IBI* Series Winner. Radiation and Atomic Literacy for Nonscientists,” Science, 342(6157), pp. 436–437.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brei, B., and Fish, D., 2003, “Comment on ‘Parasites as a Viability Cost of Sexual Selection in Natural Populations of Mammals,’” Science, 300(5616), pp. 55; author reply 55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Russell, S. H., Hancock, M. P., and McCullough, J., 2007, “The Pipeline. Benefits of Undergraduate Research Experiences,” Science, 316(5824), pp. 548–549.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alvarez, R. A., Zavala-Araiza, D., Lyon, D. R., Allen, D. T., Barkley, Z. R., Brandt, A. R., Davis, K. J., Herndon, S. C., Jacob, D. J., Karion, A., Kort, E. A., Lamb, B. K., Lauvaux, T., Maasakkers, J. D., Marchese, A. J., Omara, M., Pacala, S. W., Peischl, J., Robinson, A. L., Shepson, P. B., Sweeney, C., Townsend-Small, A., Wofsy, S. C., and Hamburg, S. P., 2018, “Assessment of Methane Emissions from the U.S. Oil and Gas Supply Chain,” Science, 361(6398), pp. 186–188.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darbyshire, P., and Hampton, D., 2014, Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using MATLAB ®, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Woodin, M. A., and Maffei, A., eds., 2011, Inhibitory Synaptic Plasticity, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Herrera, F., and Villar, E., 2006, “Mixing Synchronous Reactive and Untimed MoCs in SystemC,” Applications of Specification and Design Languages for SoCs: Selected Papers from FDL 2005, A. Vachoux, ed., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 61–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Heat Transfer.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016, “Is Middle America Due For A Catastrophic Earthquake?,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978, Navigation Planning: Need for a New Direction, LCD-77-109, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chanderbhan-Forde, S., 2010, “Asian Indian Mothers’ Involvement in Their Children’s Schooling: An Analysis of Social and Cultural Capital,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2001, “MORE 65-M.P.H. ZONES,” New York Times, p. 14NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Heat Transfer
AbbreviationJ. Heat Transfer
ISSN (print)0022-1481
ISSN (online)1528-8943
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles