How to format your references using the Journal of Heat Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Heat Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trevan, T., 2015, “Biological Research: Rethink Biosafety,” Nature, 527(7577), pp. 155–158.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ikegami, T., and Ganesh, G., 2014, “Watching Novice Action Degrades Expert Motor Performance: Causation between Action Production and Outcome Prediction of Observed Actions by Humans,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 6989.
A journal article with 3 authors
Newsome, T. P., Scaplehorn, N., and Way, M., 2004, “SRC Mediates a Switch from Microtubule- to Actin-Based Motility of Vaccinia Virus,” Science, 306(5693), pp. 124–129.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shimizu, K., Ishikawa, H., Takao, D., Yagi, T., and Amaya, K., 2002, “Superconductivity in Compressed Lithium at 20 K,” Nature, 419(6907), pp. 597–599.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Héno, R., and Chandelier, L., 2014, 3D Modeling of Buildings, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gavrilova, M. L., Gervasi, O., Kumar, V., Tan, C. J. K., Taniar, D., Laganá, A., Mun, Y., and Choo, H., eds., 2006, Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2006: International Conference, Glasgow, UK, May 8-11, 2006, Proceedings, Part IV, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hammond, K., 2006, “Exploiting Purely Functional Programming to Obtain Bounded Resource Behaviour: The Hume Approach,” Central European Functional Programming School: First Summer School, CEFP 2005, Budapest, Hungary, July 4-15, 2005, Revised Selected Lectures, Z. Horváth, ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 100–134.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Heat Transfer.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, “Functional Leg Muscle Developed From Stem Cells,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993, Space Shuttle Main Engine: NASA Has Not Evaluated the Alternate Fuel Turbopump Costs and Benefits, NSIAD-94-54, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McAlpine, T. E., 2008, “College Students and Career: An Exploration of Vocational Anticipatory Socialization,” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J., and Fandos, N., 2017, “Broadcaster Sets a Collision Course With Fox,” New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Heat Transfer
AbbreviationJ. Heat Transfer
ISSN (print)0022-1481
ISSN (online)1528-8943
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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