How to format your references using the Journal of Heat Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Heat Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubin, D. C., 2014, “Psychology. How Quickly We Forget,” Science, 346(6213), pp. 1058–1059.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ma, F., and Wills, B. J., 2001, “Discovery of Hidden Blazars,” Science, 292(5524), pp. 2050–2053.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grubb, P. J., Coomes, D. A., and Metcalfe, D. J., 2005, “Comment on ‘A Brief History of Seed Size,’” Science, 310(5749), pp. 783; author reply 783.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rihel, J., Prober, D. A., Arvanites, A., Lam, K., Zimmerman, S., Jang, S., Haggarty, S. J., Kokel, D., Rubin, L. L., Peterson, R. T., and Schier, A. F., 2010, “Zebrafish Behavioral Profiling Links Drugs to Biological Targets and Rest/Wake Regulation,” Science, 327(5963), pp. 348–351.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Estampe, D., 2014, Supply Chain Performance and Evaluation Models, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Arena, P., and Patanè, L., eds., 2014, Spatial Temporal Patterns for Action-Oriented Perception in Roving Robots II: An Insect Brain Computational Model, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Casale, P., and Amft, O., 2013, “Inferring Model Structures from Inertial Sensor Data in Distributed Activity Recognition,” Ambient Intelligence: 4th International Joint Conference, AmI 2013, Dublin, Ireland, December 3-5, 2013. Proceedings, J.C. Augusto, R. Wichert, R. Collier, D. Keyson, A.A. Salah, and A.-H. Tan, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 62–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Heat Transfer.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, “Khaled Al-Asaad, The Martyr Of Palmyra,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991, Aerospace Plane Technology: Research and Development Efforts in Japan and Australia, NSIAD-92-5, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schellhous, W. T., 2017, “Factors and Interactions Contributing to the Risk of Fire Following Earthquake for Urban Southern California,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2002, “Soccer at Haverford: More Than a Game,” New York Times, p. D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Heat Transfer
AbbreviationJ. Heat Transfer
ISSN (print)0022-1481
ISSN (online)1528-8943
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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