How to format your references using the Journal of Heat Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Heat Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirkpatrick, S., 2003, “Computer Science. Rough Times Ahead,” Science, 299(5607), pp. 668–669.
A journal article with 2 authors
Green, P., and Ewing, B., 2013, “Comment on ‘Evidence of Abundant Purifying Selection in Humans for Recently Acquired Regulatory Functions,’” Science, 340(6133), p. 682.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin, G., Xu, N., and Xi, R., 2008, “Paracrine Wingless Signalling Controls Self-Renewal of Drosophila Intestinal Stem Cells,” Nature, 455(7216), pp. 1119–1123.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Konacki, M., Torres, G., Jha, S., and Sasselov, D. D., 2003, “An Extrasolar Planet That Transits the Disk of Its Parent Star,” Nature, 421(6922), pp. 507–509.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sugirtharajah, R. S., 2011, Exploring Postcolonial Biblical Criticism, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Callard, F., Staines, K., and Wilkes, J., eds., 2016, The Restless Compendium: Interdisciplinary Investigations of Rest and Its Opposites, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Francesconi, F., Dalpiaz, F., and Mylopoulos, J., 2013, “TBIM: A Language for Modeling and Reasoning about Business Plans,” Conceptual Modeling: 32th International Conference, ER 2013, Hong-Kong, China, November 11-13, 2013. Proceedings, W. Ng, V.C. Storey, and J.C. Trujillo, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 33–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Heat Transfer.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014, “World’s Oldest Engravings Discovered on 500,000-Year-Old Shells,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973, Request for Reformation of Contract, B-178078, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Daczo, Z., 2012, “Wage Inequality and the Gender Wage Gap: Are American Women Swimming Upstream?,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2005, “Justices Reject Appeal in Tobacco Case,” New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Heat Transfer
AbbreviationJ. Heat Transfer
ISSN (print)0022-1481
ISSN (online)1528-8943
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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