How to format your references using the Journal of Heat Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Heat Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amelino-Camelia, G., 2001, “A Phenomenological Description of Space-Time Noise in Quantum Gravity,” Nature, 410(6832), pp. 1065–1067.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nagib, D. A., and MacMillan, D. W. C., 2011, “Trifluoromethylation of Arenes and Heteroarenes by Means of Photoredox Catalysis,” Nature, 480(7376), pp. 224–228.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fontana, L., Partridge, L., and Longo, V. D., 2010, “Extending Healthy Life Span--from Yeast to Humans,” Science, 328(5976), pp. 321–326.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Paggi, M., Berardone, I., Infuso, A., and Corrado, M., 2014, “Fatigue Degradation and Electric Recovery in Silicon Solar Cells Embedded in Photovoltaic Modules,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 4506.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sellars, C., 2011, Risk Assessment in People with Learning Disabilities, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Fuerst, J. A., ed., 2013, Planctomycetes: Cell Structure, Origins and Biology, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Brown, J. J., Glenn, E. P., and Smith, S. E., 2014, “Feasibility of Halophyte Domestication for High-Salinity Agriculture,” Sabkha Ecosystems: Volume IV: Cash Crop Halophyte and Biodiversity Conservation, M.A. Khan, B. Böer, M. Öztürk, T.Z.A. Abdessalaam, M. Clüsener-Godt, and B. Gul, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 73–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Heat Transfer.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, “DNA Results Suggest Kennewick Man Was Native American,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994, High Performance Computing and Communications: New Program Direction Would Benefit from a More Focused Effort, AIMD-95-6, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berbery, M. L., 2010, “Predictors of White Adoptive Parents’ Cultural and Racial Socialization Behaviors with Their Asian Adopted Children,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rao, T., 2016, “Cool Ranch,” New York Times, p. MM30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Heat Transfer
AbbreviationJ. Heat Transfer
ISSN (print)0022-1481
ISSN (online)1528-8943
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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