How to format your references using the American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nee S. The great chain of being. Nature. 2005;435(7041):429.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toggweiler JR, Russell J. Ocean circulation in a warming climate. Nature. 2008;451(7176):286-288.
A journal article with 3 authors
Våge S, Storesund JE, Thingstad TF. SAR11 viruses and defensive host strains. Nature. 2013;499(7459):E3-4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Guo S, Yamaguchi Y, Schilbach S, et al. A regulator of transcriptional elongation controls vertebrate neuronal development. Nature. 2000;408(6810):366-369.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bojowald M. The Universe: A View from Classical and Quantum Gravity. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
Pedrozo Pupo JC, ed. Learning Chest Imaging. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakatani A, Shimokawa T. Microstructural Evolution in Crystalline Metal Induced by Plastic Deformation. In: Bai YL, Zheng QS, Wei YG, eds. IUTAM Symposium on Mechanical Behavior and Micro-Mechanics of Nanostructured Materials: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium Held in Beijing, China, June 27–30, 2005. Solid Mechanics and its Applications. Springer Netherlands; 2007:25-35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy.

Blog post
Hale T. Rare Baby Dinosaur Fossil Rescued By A Blackhawk Helicopter. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Public Schools: Insufficient Research to Determine Effectiveness of Selected Private Education Companies. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ladendorff MZ. The Effect of North American Electric Reliability Corporation Critical Infrastructure Protection Standards on Bulk Electric System Reliability. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Amid Storm Recovery, Marathon Expo Opens Doors to Runners. New York Times. November 2, 2012:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Health-System Pharmacy
AbbreviationAm. J. Health. Syst. Pharm.
ISSN (print)1079-2082
ISSN (online)1535-2900
ScopeHealth Policy

Other styles