How to format your references using the American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rouault TA. Cell biology. An ancient gauge for iron. Science. 2009;326(5953):676-677.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Keefer DK, Larsen MC. Geology. Assessing landslide hazards. Science. 2007;316(5828):1136-1138.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Carr S, Heard DE, Blitz MA. Comment on “Atmospheric hydroxyl radical production from electronically excited NO2 and H2O.” Science. 2009;324(5925):336; author reply 336.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Naylor RL, Goldburg RJ, Primavera JH, et al. Effect of aquaculture on world fish supplies. Nature. 2000;405(6790):1017-1024.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Janke SJ, Tinsley FC. Introduction to Linear Models and Statistical Inference. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Watson RR, Preedy VR, Zibadi S, eds. Alcohol, Nutrition, and Health Consequences. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Saran A, Serviere L, Kalliny M, Minor MS. Desire for Visual Aesthetics (DVA) in the Store Environment: Concept and Measurement. In: Spotts HE, ed. Revolution in Marketing: Market Driving Changes: Proceedings of the 2006 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:4-4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. How You Can Help In The Fight Against Climate Change. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/how-you-can-help-in-the-fight-against-climate-change/. Published October 29, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Attack Warning: ADP and Communication Modernization Programs for Warning and Assessment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Park K-S. Transcriptional Regulation In The Respiratory Epithelium During Development And Repair. 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. Treasury Dept. Rejects Plan to Cut Benefits for Teamsters. New York Times. May 7, 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Health-System Pharmacy
AbbreviationAm. J. Health. Syst. Pharm.
ISSN (print)1079-2082
ISSN (online)1535-2900
ScopeHealth Policy
Pharmacology

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