How to format your references using the Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Storb, Edward Donnall Thomas (1920-2012), Nature. 491 (2012) 334.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Lerman, B.O. Palsson, Microbiology. Topping off a multiscale balancing act, Science. 330 (2010) 1058–1059.
A journal article with 3 authors
I. Zanardi, G. Zifarelli, M. Pusch, An optical assay of the transport activity of ClC-7, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1231.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G. Ganesh, A. Takagi, R. Osu, T. Yoshioka, M. Kawato, E. Burdet, Two is better than one: physical interactions improve motor performance in humans, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3824.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Ruske, Verlag Chemie 1921-1971, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 1971.
An edited book
T. Kawai, N. Cumberlidge, eds., A Global Overview of the Conservation of Freshwater Decapod Crustaceans, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
K.D. Baets, N.H. Landman, K. Tanabe, Ammonoid Embryonic Development, in: C. Klug, D. Korn, K. De Baets, I. Kruta, R.H. Mapes (Eds.), Ammonoid Paleobiology: From Anatomy to Ecology, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2015: pp. 113–205.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics.

Blog post
J. Davis, Damage To Specific Site In The Brain May Be Linked To Religious Fundamentalism, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, A Bibliography of Documents Issued by the GAO on Matters Related to: Health, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Stevens, Aboard and Beyond, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, A Floury Farce Leavened With Kitchen-Sink Realism in a Poignant Look at Breadmakers, New York Times. (2016) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Particle and Nuclear Physics
AbbreviationProg. Part. Nucl. Phys.
ISSN (print)0146-6410
ScopeNuclear and High Energy Physics

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