How to format your references using the Food Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gamwell, L. (2003). Perceptions of science. Beyond the visible--microscopy, nature, and art. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5603), 49–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wheeler, M. M., & Robinson, G. E. (2014). Diet-dependent gene expression in honey bees: honey vs. sucrose or high fructose corn syrup. Scientific Reports, 4, 5726.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fiorin, G., Carnevale, V., & DeGrado, W. F. (2010). Structural biology. The flu’s proton escort. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6003), 456–458.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tso, G. H. W., Reales-Calderon, J. A., Tan, A. S. M., Sem, X., Le, G. T. T., Tan, T. G., Lai, G. C., Srinivasan, K. G., Yurieva, M., Liao, W., Poidinger, M., Zolezzi, F., Rancati, G., & Pavelka, N. (2018). Experimental evolution of a fungal pathogen into a gut symbiont. Science (New York, N.Y.), 362(6414), 589–595.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tikhomirov, V. V. (2016). Hydrogeochemistry Fundamentals and Advances. John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Asay, B. W. (Ed.). (2010). Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library, Vol. 5: Non-Shock Initiation of Explosives (Vol. 5). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Joussen, A. M., & Adamis, A. P. (2007). Inflammation as a Stimulus for Vascular Leakage and Proliferation. In A. M. Joussen, T. W. Gardner, B. Kirchhof, & S. J. Ryan (Eds.), Retinal Vascular Disease (pp. 97–107). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 22). Watch A Bizarrely Long Parasite Emerge From This Praying Mantis. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Delta Teachers Academy (RCED-94-213R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Desam, J. R. (2017). Effective Nodal Placement in Overlay Networks Using Complexity Theory [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2000, October 8). Those Gray Boxes on Poles? Fear Not, the Company Says. New York Times, 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gamwell, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Gamwell, 2003; Wheeler & Robinson, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wheeler & Robinson, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Fiorin et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tso et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Chemistry
AbbreviationFood Chem.
ISSN (print)0308-8146
ScopeFood Science
Analytical Chemistry
General Medicine

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