How to format your references using the Food Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2002). CERN collider project back on track. Nature, 420(6917), 721.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leopold, P., & Perrimon, N. (2007). Drosophila and the genetics of the internal milieu. Nature, 450(7167), 186–188.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin, D. Y.-W., Huang, S., & Chen, J. (2015). Crystal structures of a polypeptide processing and secretion transporter. Nature, 523(7561), 425–430.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Daqing, L., Yinan, J., Rui, K., & Havlin, S. (2014). Spatial correlation analysis of cascading failures: congestions and blackouts. Scientific Reports, 4, 5381.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levy, G., & Levin, B. (2014). The Biostatistics of Aging. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ochsner, M., Hug, S. E., & Daniel, H.-D. (Eds.). (2016). Research Assessment in the Humanities: Towards Criteria and Procedures. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Webster, L. R. (2013). Methadone Side Effects: Constipation, Respiratory Depression, Sedation, Sleep-Disordered Breathing, and the Endocrine System. In R. A. Cruciani & H. Knotkova (Eds.), Handbook of Methadone Prescribing and Buprenorphine Therapy (pp. 39–49). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 1). Do Rats Dream of the Future? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Loan Monitoring System: SBA Needs to Evaluate Use of Software (GAO-02-188). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guzman, B. P. (2015). Understanding the factors affecting local emergency service collaboration [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robertson, C. (2017, September 6). No Stranger to Flooding, One Town Suffers Again. New York Times, A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2002; Leopold & Perrimon, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leopold & Perrimon, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Lin et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Daqing et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Chemistry
AbbreviationFood Chem.
ISSN (print)0308-8146
ScopeFood Science
Analytical Chemistry
General Medicine

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