How to format your references using the Food Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2002). An electoral lecture. Nature, 420(6915), 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dickman, D. K., & Davis, G. W. (2009). The schizophrenia susceptibility gene dysbindin controls synaptic homeostasis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5956), 1127–1130.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuhlen, M., Madau, P., & Silk, J. (2009). Exploring dark matter with Milky Way substructure. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5943), 970–973.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, M., Wang, T., Ma, H., Fu, Y., Hu, K., & Guan, C. (2014). Assembly of luminescent ordered multilayer thin-films based on oppositely-charged MMT and magnetic NiFe-LDHs nanosheets with ultra-long lifetimes. Scientific Reports, 4, 7147.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aquino, J. A. (2017). The International Family Guide to US University Admissions. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Canova, F., & Poletto, L. (Eds.). (2015). Optical Technologies for Extreme-Ultraviolet and Soft X-ray Coherent Sources (1st ed. 2015, Vol. 197). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jørgensen, S. E. (2007). Application of ecological engineering principles in landscape management. In Ü. Mander, H. Wiggering, & K. Helming (Eds.), Multifunctional Land Use: Meeting Future Demands for Landscape Goods and Services (pp. 83–92). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 3). Astronomers Believe They’re Witnessing The Birth Of A New Planet. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Federal Funds: Fiscal Year 2001 Expenditures by Selected Organizations Involved in Health-Related Activities (No. GAO-03-527R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Britigan, D. H. (2009). Health information sources and health literacy levels of Latinos in a midwestern tri -state area (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dinardo, K. (2015, October 11). Deborah Davis on Andy Warhol and Driving Route 66. New York Times, p. TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Dickman & Davis, 2009; Smaglik, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dickman & Davis, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Kuhlen, Madau, & Silk, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Liu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Chemistry
AbbreviationFood Chem.
ISSN (print)0308-8146
ScopeFood Science
Analytical Chemistry
General Medicine

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