How to format your references using the Food Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simpson, R. W. (2000). SEISMOLOGY: Watching the Hayward Fault. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5482), 1147–1148.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benoist, C., & Hacohen, N. (2011). Immunology. Flow cytometry, amped up. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6030), 677–678.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zheng, N., Bu, X., & Feng, P. (2003). Synthetic design of crystalline inorganic chalcogenides exhibiting fast-ion conductivity. Nature, 426(6965), 428–432.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Delgado, M. R., Schotter, A., Ozbay, E. Y., & Phelps, E. A. (2008). Understanding overbidding: using the neural circuitry of reward to design economic auctions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5897), 1849–1852.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raut, R., & Swamy, M. N. S. (2010). Modern Analog Filter Analysis and Design. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Muthu, S. S. (Ed.). (2015). Roadmap to Sustainable Textiles and Clothing: Regulatory Aspects and Sustainability Standards of Textiles and the Clothing Supply Chain. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lokuciejewski, P., & Marwedel, P. (2011). WCET-Aware Assembly Level Optimizations. In P. Marwedel (Ed.), Worst-Case Execution Time Aware Compilation Techniques for Real-Time Systems (pp. 131–157). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 3). Ultrasound Used To Create 3D Shapes In Mid Air That Can Be Seen And Felt. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Motor Vehicle Safety: NHTSA’s Ability to Detect and Recall Defective Replacement Crash Parts Is Limited (GAO-01-225). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young, W. (2012). Diamagnetism of a supersonic rotating magnetized plasma [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Southall, A. (2016, February 18). Makeover Set for Police Building at Heart of a Sleeker Times Sq. New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simpson, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Benoist & Hacohen, 2011; Simpson, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Benoist & Hacohen, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Zheng et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Delgado et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Chemistry
AbbreviationFood Chem.
ISSN (print)0308-8146
ScopeFood Science
Analytical Chemistry
General Medicine

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