How to format your references using the Progress in Organic Coatings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Organic Coatings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.D. Schneider, Development. A cardiac nonproliferation treaty, Science. 332 (2011) 426–427.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Houghton, S. Abrignani, Prospects for a vaccine against the hepatitis C virus, Nature. 436 (2005) 961–966.
A journal article with 3 authors
I. Martincorena, A.S.N. Seshasayee, N.M. Luscombe, Evidence of non-random mutation rates suggests an evolutionary risk management strategy, Nature. 485 (2012) 95–98.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Van Eck, S. Goriely, A. Jorissen, B. Plez, Discovery of three lead-rich stars, Nature. 412 (2001) 793–795.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D.W. Halpin, B.A. Senior, Financial Management and Accounting Fundamentals for Construction, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
P. Griffiths, Rational Homotopy Theory and Differential Forms, 2nd ed. 2013, Springer, New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Rothe, Popular Trauma Culture: The Pain of Others Between Holocaust Tropes and Kitsch-Sentimental Melodrama, in: Y. Ataria, D. Gurevitz, H. Pedaya, Y. Neria (Eds.), Interdisciplinary Handbook of Trauma and Culture, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 51–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Organic Coatings.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Previous Sexual Partner’s Semen Can Influence Another Fly’s Offspring, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Next Generation Air Transportation System: Linking Test Facilities Can Help Leverage Resources and Improve Technology Transfer Efforts, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Fay, Aposematic Variation and the Evolution of Warning Coloration in Mammals, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Their Run Together May Be Nearing an End, New York Times. (2017) B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Organic Coatings
AbbreviationProg. Org. Coat.
ISSN (print)0300-9440
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Organic Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Other styles