How to format your references using the Progress in Energy and Combustion Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Energy and Combustion Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Wang Q. Rural students are being left behind in China. Nature 2014;510:445.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Grasset EK, Cerutti A. Immunology. Retroviral help for B cells. Science 2014;346:1454–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Sarbu T, Styranec T, Beckman EJ. Non-fluorous polymers with very high solubility in supercritical CO2 down to low pressures. Nature 2000;405:165–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Dhar S, Vemulapalli V, Patananan AN, Huang GL, Di Lorenzo A, Richard S, et al. Loss of the major Type I arginine methyltransferase PRMT1 causes substrate scavenging by other PRMTs. Sci Rep 2013;3:1311.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Jaitly R. Practical Operational Due Diligence on Hedge Funds. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Eigenmann R, Li Z, Midkiff SP, editors. Languages and Compilers for High Performance Computing: 17th International Workshop, LCPC 2004, West Lafayette, IN, USA, September 22-24, 2004, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 3602. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Abdrau K. Exemplified Study of WRED Algorithm Parameters Influence on IP-based Networks. In: Horne R, editor. Embracing Global Computing in Emerging Economies: First Workshop, EGC 2015, Almaty, Kazakhstan, February 26-28, 2015. Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 31–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Energy and Combustion Science.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Beer Hops May Protect Against Liver Disease. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/beer-hops-may-protect-against-liver-disease/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Long-Term Capacity Planning Needed Despite Recent Reduction in Flight Delays. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lee E. Assessing the Well-Being Koreans and Korean Americans: Psychometric Validation Study for a Multidimensional Assessment of Well-Being. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Dominus S. How To Get a Job With a Philosophy Degree. New York Times 2013:MM40.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Energy and Combustion Science
AbbreviationProg. Energy Combust. Sci.
ISSN (print)0360-1285
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology

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