How to format your references using the Progress in Nuclear Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Nuclear Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chalmers, M., 2012. Cosmology: Out of the darkness. Nature 490, S2-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poulsen, H., Nissen, P., 2012. Structural biology. The inner workings of a dynamic duo. Science 335, 416–417.
A journal article with 3 authors
Müller, H., Peters, A., Chu, S., 2010. A precision measurement of the gravitational redshift by the interference of matter waves. Nature 463, 926–929.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kanzok, S.M., Fechner, A., Bauer, H., Ulschmid, J.K., Müller, H.M., Botella-Munoz, J., Schneuwly, S., Schirmer, R., Becker, K., 2001. Substitution of the thioredoxin system for glutathione reductase in Drosophila melanogaster. Science 291, 643–646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lindahl, D., 2008. Trump University Commercial Real Estate 101. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ebaugh, H.R. (Ed.), 2006. Handbook of Religion and Social Institutions, Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Aptekar, L., Stoecklin, D., 2014. Research with Children in Street Situations, in: Stoecklin, D. (Ed.), Street Children and Homeless Youth: A Cross-Cultural Perspective. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 121–162.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Nuclear Energy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Researchers May Have Created A H1N1 Flu Strain Capable Of Evading The Immune System [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Telecommunications: States’ Collection and Use of Funds for Wireless Enhanced 911 Services (No. GAO-06-338). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stuart, K., 2013. The Relationship Between Weather and Lunar Changes on Student Achievement and Measures School Districts Utilize to Combat Potential Impact (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J., 2016. At Exxon, Nominee Steered Company’s ‘Evolution’ on Climate. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chalmers, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Chalmers, 2012; Poulsen and Nissen, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poulsen and Nissen, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kanzok et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Nuclear Energy
AbbreviationProg. Nuclear Energy
ISSN (print)0149-1970
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Nuclear Energy and Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Waste Management and Disposal

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