How to format your references using the Progress in Nuclear Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Nuclear Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ward, M.D., 2000. Materials science. Plastic sandwiches a la carte. Nature 405, 293–294.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dominy, N.J., Lucas, P.W., 2001. Ecological importance of trichromatic vision to primates. Nature 410, 363–366.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang, H., Stein, B.E., McHaffie, J.G., 2003. Opposing basal ganglia processes shape midbrain visuomotor activity bilaterally. Nature 423, 982–986.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kaitsuka, T., Katagiri, C., Beesetty, P., Nakamura, K., Hourani, S., Tomizawa, K., Kozak, J.A., Matsushita, M., 2014. Inactivation of TRPM7 kinase activity does not impair its channel function in mice. Sci. Rep. 4, 5718.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smed, J., Hakonen, H., 2017. Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ganesh, K., 2014. Design and Development of Knowledge Management for Manufacturing: Framework, Solution and Strategy. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Sirenko, Y.K., Ström, S., 2010. Finite Scale Homogenization of Periodic Bianisotropic Structures, in: Sirenko, Yuriy K., Ström, S. (Eds.), Modern Theory of Gratings: Resonant Scattering: Analysis Techniques and Phenomena, Springer Series in Optical Sciences. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 335–365.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Nuclear Energy.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Our Slow, Uncertain Brains Are Still Better Than Computers – Here’s Why [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Space Acquisitions: Some Programs Have Overcome Past Problems, but Challenges and Uncertainty Remain for the Future (No. GAO-15-492T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seip, N., 2009. A one day training on the human papillomavirus for foster youth receiving independent living services: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D., 2017. An Unusual Place for a President’s Family on a Foreign Trip: Center Stage. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ward, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Dominy and Lucas, 2001; Ward, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dominy and Lucas, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Kaitsuka et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Nuclear Energy
AbbreviationProg. Nuclear Energy
ISSN (print)0149-1970
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Nuclear Energy and Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Waste Management and Disposal

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