How to format your references using the Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon J : The Gonzo Scientist. Gourmet food, served by dogs. Science 323 : 1006, 2009
A journal article with 2 authors
Corcoran AJ, Conner WE : Bats jamming bats: food competition through sonar interference. Science 346 : 745–747, 2014
A journal article with 3 authors
Schall JD, Paré M, Woodman GF : Comment on “Top-down versus bottom-up control of attention in the prefrontal and posterior parietal cortices.” Science 318 : 44; author reply 44, 2007
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Giurfa M, Zhang S, Jenett A, Menzel R, Srinivasan MV : The concepts of “sameness” and “difference” in an insect. Nature 410 : 930–933, 2001

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blair TH : Energy Production Systems Engineering. Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016
An edited book
Fischlin M, Coron J-S (Eds.) : Advances in Cryptology – EUROCRYPT 2016: 35th Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, Vienna, Austria, May 8-12, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer, 2016
A chapter in an edited book
Fiedler M, Meissner S : IoT in Practice: Examples: IoT in Logistics and Health. in Bassi A, Bauer M, Fiedler M, Kramp T, Kranenburg R van, Lange S, et al. (eds) : Enabling Things to Talk: Designing IoT solutions with the IoT Architectural Reference Model, Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer, 2013: pp27–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J : Watch Live As SpaceX Attempts To Launch And Land Its Latest Rocket Again Today. IFLScience 2016


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office : Social Security Downsizing: Significant Savings but Some Service Quality and Operational Problems. 1991

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zatolokin A : Stylistic approaches for oboists in the operatic works of J. Hasse. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach. 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B, Heller S : Say It With Tickets. New York Times C10, 2016

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2).
This sentence cites two references 2,4).
This sentence cites four references 2,4,7,8).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
AbbreviationJ. Korean Neurosurg. Soc.
ISSN (print)2005-3711
ISSN (online)1598-7876
ScopeClinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

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