How to format your references using the Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Geldner N : Botany. Making phloem--a near-death experience. Science 345 : 875–876, 2014
A journal article with 2 authors
Ray LB, Gough NR : Orienteering strategies for a signaling maze. Science 296 : 1632–1633, 2002
A journal article with 3 authors
Kirk PDW, Babtie AC, Stumpf MPH : SYSTEMS BIOLOGY. Systems biology (un)certainties. Science 350 : 386–388, 2015
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Carter JA, Fabrycky DC, Ragozzine D, Holman MJ, Quinn SN, Latham DW, et al. : KOI-126: a triply eclipsing hierarchical triple with two low-mass stars. Science 331 : 562–565, 2011

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Numai T : Laser Diodes and their Applications to Communications and Information Processing. Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010
An edited book
Yuan X-Z : Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy in PEM Fuel Cells: Fundamentals and Applications. London : Springer, 2010
A chapter in an edited book
Ésik Z, Kuich W : On Power Series over a Graded Monoid. in Calude CS, Freivalds R, Kazuo I (eds) : Computing with New Resources: Essays Dedicated to Jozef Gruska on the Occasion of His 80th Birthday, Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2014: pp49–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society.

Blog post
Fang J : Cod Collapse Linked To Rapidly Warming Gulf Waters. IFLScience 2015


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office : Federal Research: Small Business Innovation Research Participants Give Program High Marks. 1987

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKelvey DM : Relationships between attitudes of school-based administrators and inclusion practices of students with autism/Asperger’s syndrome. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix. 2008

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K : QUICK BITE/Wharton; No Sawdust, But a Real Pit. New York Times 14NJ9, 2006

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2).
This sentence cites two references 2,4).
This sentence cites four references 3,6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
AbbreviationJ. Korean Neurosurg. Soc.
ISSN (print)2005-3711
ISSN (online)1598-7876
ScopeClinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

Other styles