How to format your references using the Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chakravarty S : Physics. From complexity to simplicity. Science 319 : 735–736, 2008
A journal article with 2 authors
Parker AR, Lawrence CR : Water capture by a desert beetle. Nature 414 : 33–34, 2001
A journal article with 3 authors
Torre R, Bartolini P, Righini R : Structural relaxation in supercooled water by time-resolved spectroscopy. Nature 428 : 296–299, 2004
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Holleitner AW, Blick RH, Huttel AK, Eberl K, Kotthaus JP : Probing and controlling the bonds of an artificial molecule. Science 297 : 70–72, 2002

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Landa R : Advertising by Design. Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016
An edited book
Ólafsson JH, Hay RJ (Eds.) : Antibiotic and Antifungal Therapies in Dermatology. Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2016
A chapter in an edited book
Münstedt H, Schwarzl FR : Structure and States of Polymers. in Schwarzl FR (ed) : Deformation and Flow of Polymeric Materials, Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer, 2014: pp77–120

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society.

Blog post
Andrew E : Baby Sea Turtles Starved Of Oxygen By Beach Microbes. IFLScience 2015


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office : Title 6 T&A Data (NASA). 1995

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stanford V : Finding theatre from within: Augusto Boal’s Games for Non-Actors in an Introduction to Acting class. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach. 2016

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B : What Shot Rocky Up Those Steps. New York Times AR12, 2016

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2).
This sentence cites two references 2,4).
This sentence cites four references 2,5,7,8).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
AbbreviationJ. Korean Neurosurg. Soc.
ISSN (print)2005-3711
ISSN (online)1598-7876
ScopeClinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

Other styles