How to format your references using the Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sweatt JD : Neuroscience. Epigenetics and cognitive aging. Science 328 : 701–702, 2010
A journal article with 2 authors
Skotheim JM, Mahadevan L : Physical limits and design principles for plant and fungal movements. Science 308 : 1308–1310, 2005
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaufman YJ, Tanré D, Boucher O : A satellite view of aerosols in the climate system. Nature 419 : 215–223, 2002
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tanaka M, Chien P, Naber N, Cooke R, Weissman JS : Conformational variations in an infectious protein determine prion strain differences. Nature 428 : 323–328, 2004

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cannon DL : CISA®. Indianapolis, Indiana : John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016
An edited book
Nayak R, Zaki MJ (Eds.) : Knowledge Discovery from XML Documents: First International Workshop, KDXD 2006, Singapore, April 9, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer, 2006
A chapter in an edited book
Serpa NSC, Sá BB, Costa I, Vendrametto O : Agribusiness, Agrienergy and Leadership: The Coaching as a Tool to Guide Talents. in Grabot B, Vallespir B, Gomes S, Bouras A, Kiritsis D (eds) : Advances in Production Management Systems. Innovative and Knowledge-Based Production Management in a Global-Local World: IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2014, Ajaccio, France, September 20-24, 2014, Proceedings, Part II, Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer, 2014: pp38–45

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J : Juno Returns Amazing First Image Of Jupiter And Its Moons From Orbit. IFLScience 2016


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office : DOD is Making Progress in Adopting Best Practices for the Transformational Satellite Communications System and Space Radar but Still Faces Challenges. 2007

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dickens JR : The experience of recovery from alcohol/drugs (AOD). Doctoral dissertation. Capella University. 2011

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J : Anchor Illuminates Fox Inquiry of Ailes. New York Times B6, 2016

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2).
This sentence cites two references 3,4).
This sentence cites four references 4–6,8).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
AbbreviationJ. Korean Neurosurg. Soc.
ISSN (print)2005-3711
ISSN (online)1598-7876
ScopeClinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

Other styles