How to format your references using the Journal of Basic Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Basic Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elderfield, H., 2010. Climate. Seawater chemistry and climate. Science, 2010, 327, 1092–1093.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brooks, T., Smith, M.L., 2001. Ecology. Caribbean catastrophes. Science, 2001, 294, 1469–1471.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dieterich, J., Cayol, V., Okubo, P., 2000. The use of earthquake rate changes as a stress meter at Kilauea volcano. Nature, 2000, 408, 457–460.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Greer, J.M., Puetz, J., Thomas, K.R., Capecchi, M.R., 2000. Maintenance of functional equivalence during paralogous Hox gene evolution. Nature, 2000, 403, 661–665.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allin, P., Hand, D.J., 2014. The Wellbeing of Nations., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Charlier, B., Namur, O., Latypov, R., Tegner, C. (Eds.), 2015. Layered Intrusions., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Zobrist, J., 2010. In: Bundi, U (Ed.), Alpine Waters, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 95–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Basic Microbiology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Uranium-Respiring Bacteria May Have Produced Mining Resources. IFLScience, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Rail Transit: Additional Federal Leadership Would Enhance FTA’s State Safety Oversight Program., U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGrath, P.M., 2013. Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008: A Policy Analysis. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2006. Drama Students Face A Change of Scene. New York Times, 2006, 14LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,4,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Basic Microbiology
AbbreviationJ. Basic Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0233-111X
ISSN (online)1521-4028
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

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