How to format your references using the Journal of Basic Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Basic Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Budd, G.E., 2002. A palaeontological solution to the arthropod head problem. Nature, 2002, 417, 271–275.
A journal article with 2 authors
Forrest, W.F., Cavet, G., 2007. Comment on “The consensus coding sequences of human breast and colorectal cancers.” Science, 2007, 317, 1500; author reply 1500.
A journal article with 3 authors
Misura, K.M., Scheller, R.H., Weis, W.I., 2000. Three-dimensional structure of the neuronal-Sec1-syntaxin 1a complex. Nature, 2000, 404, 355–362.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
O’Brien, M., McEvoy, N., Hallam, T., Kim, H.-Y., et al., 2014. Transition metal dichalcogenide growth via close proximity precursor supply. Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, 7374.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Janke, S.J., Tinsley, F.C., 2005. Introduction to Linear Models and Statistical Inference., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kahraman, C., Yavuz, M. (Eds.), 2010. Production Engineering and Management under Fuzziness.vol. 252, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bigerna, S., Bollino, C.A., Micheli, S., 2015. In: Bollino, CA, Micheli, S (Eds.), The Sustainability of Renewable Energy in Europe, Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 87–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Basic Microbiology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. How To Create Your Own Ecosystem In A Bottle. IFLScience, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Federal Program To Strengthen Developing Institutions of Higher Education Lacks Direction., U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Panjabi, C., 2010. Real and Imagined Immigrant Identities in the Public Sphere: Representations of South Asian Women in Literary and Television Media. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L., 2012. Bridal Hunger Games. New York Times, 2012, ST14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,4,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Basic Microbiology
AbbreviationJ. Basic Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0233-111X
ISSN (online)1521-4028
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

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