How to format your references using the Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Campbell CT. Surface science. Waltzing with O2. Science. 2003;299:357.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Davidson EA, Janssens IA. Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition and feedbacks to climate change. Nature. 2006;440:165–73.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Scatena LF, Brown MG, Richmond GL. Water at hydrophobic surfaces: weak hydrogen bonding and strong orientation effects. Science. 2001;292:908–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. West MA, Wallin RPA, Matthews SP, Svensson HG, Zaru R, Ljunggren H-G, et al. Enhanced dendritic cell antigen capture via toll-like receptor-induced actin remodeling. Science. 2004;305:1153–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Soustelle M. Phase Transformations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Kawase H, editor. Studies on the 2011 Off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Moss S. Talking about ABSS: Functional Descriptions of Models. In: Squazzoni F, editor. Epistemological Aspects of Computer Simulation in the Social Sciences: Second International Workshop, EPOS 2006, Brescia, Italy, October 5-6, 2006, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 48–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Incredible MRI Images Show What An Opera Singer Looks Like On The Inside While Singing. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Army Logistics: Better Approach Needed to Identify Systemic Causes of Problem Parts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Mar. Report No.: NSIAD-93-86.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Martin RL. Development of a Nutrition Program with Emphasis on Use of Social Media for Middle School Students [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Barron J. Wounded by ‘Fearless Girl,’ Creator of ‘Charging Bull’ Wants Her to Move. New York Times. 2017 Apr 12;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Otorhinolaryngology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Otorhinolaryngol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-583X
Scope

Other styles