How to format your references using the Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rubin MA. Tech.Sight. Understanding disease cell by cell. Science. 2002;296:1329–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Cox RM, Calsbeek R. Cryptic sex-ratio bias provides indirect genetic benefits despite sexual conflict. Science. 2010;328:92–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Saborio GP, Permanne B, Soto C. Sensitive detection of pathological prion protein by cyclic amplification of protein misfolding. Nature. 2001;411:810–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang Z, Lee J, He K, Shan J, Feng PX-L. Embracing structural nonidealities and asymmetries in two-dimensional nanomechanical resonators. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3919.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sutt J, Lill I, Müürsepp O. The Engineer’s Manual of Construction Site Planning. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
1. Wood D, editor. Linking Government Data. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Toft J. Schatten Properties for Pseudo-Differential Operators on Modulation Spaces. In: Helffer B, Lamoureux MP, Lerner N, Toft J, Rodino L, Wong MW, editors. Pseudo-Differential Operators: Quantization and Signals. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 175–202.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports.

Blog post
1. Hale T. First Ever Images Of The Recently Discovered Amazon Coral Reef [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FCC: Unlicensed NII Devices in the 5 GHz Frequency Range. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Sep. Report No.: OGC-98-72.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Flannery R. Clustering of Cyclic-Nucleotide-Gated Channels in Olfactory Cilia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rojas R. A Smelly Visit to the City’s Sewer System Ends With 3 Men Under Arrest. New York Times. 2015 Aug 14;A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Otorhinolaryngology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Otorhinolaryngol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-583X

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