How to format your references using the Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Jayaraman KS. Indian rocket fizzles out as test launch fails to fly. Nature. 2001;410:619.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Boos WR, Kuang Z. Sensitivity of the South Asian monsoon to elevated and non-elevated heating. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1192.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pakull MW, Soria R, Motch C. A 300-parsec-long jet-inflated bubble around a powerful microquasar in the galaxy NGC 7793. Nature. 2010;466:209–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Smith GCS, Stenhouse EJ, Crossley JA, Aitken DA, Cameron AD, Connor JM. Early-pregnancy origins of low birth weight. Nature. 2002;417:916.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Baker KR. Optimization Modeling with Spreadsheets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Gavrilova ML, editor. Generalized Voronoi Diagram: A Geometry-Based Approach to Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Riegler A. Superstition in the Machine. In: Butz MV, Sigaud O, Pezzulo G, Baldassarre G, editors. Anticipatory Behavior in Adaptive Learning Systems: From Brains to Individual and Social Behavior. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 57–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports.

Blog post
1. Fang J. New Horizons Phoned Home! [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA Should Provide the Congress Complete Cost Information on the Space Telescope Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 Jan. Report No.: PSAD-80-15.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Duerr PS. Investigation of marine waterjet inlets during turning maneuvers [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Shear MD, Cooper H, Schmitt E. White House Claims Syria Is Preparing Poison Attack. New York Times. 2017 Jun 27;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Otorhinolaryngology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Otorhinolaryngol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-583X

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