How to format your references using the Progress in Lipid Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Lipid Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker D. A surprising simplicity to protein folding. Nature 2000;405:39–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Enserink M, Chin G. The end of privacy. Introduction. Science 2015;347:490–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Leopold DA, Bondar IV, Giese MA. Norm-based face encoding by single neurons in the monkey inferotemporal cortex. Nature 2006;442:572–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kessler JD, Valentine DL, Redmond MC, Du M, Chan EW, Mendes SD, et al. A persistent oxygen anomaly reveals the fate of spilled methane in the deep Gulf of Mexico. Science 2011;331:312–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aubrey SB. The Profitable Hobby Farm. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Castillo O, Melin P, Kacprzyk J, editors. Recent Advances on Hybrid Intelligent Systems. vol. 451. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Meesenburg H, Brumme R, Jacobsen C, Meiwes KJ, Eichhorn J. Soil Properties. In: Brumme R, Khanna PK, editors. Functioning and Management of European Beech Ecosystems, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 33–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Lipid Research.

Blog post
Luntz S. Success Against Most Common Form Of Cystic Fibrosis. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Status of Recommendations to Improve FAA’s Certification and Approval Processes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reid LN. The Unintended Consequences of Narrowing Secondary Curriculum in Response to Low Standardized Test Scores. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanc J. Straight From a Boomer’s Attic. New York Times 2017:F8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Lipid Research
AbbreviationProg. Lipid Res.
ISSN (print)0163-7827
Cell Biology

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