How to format your references using the Progress in Lipid Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Lipid Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A. A physical response to architecture. Nature 2002;420:126.
A journal article with 2 authors
Colavita A, Tessier-Lavigne M. A Neurexin-related protein, BAM-2, terminates axonal branches in C. elegans. Science 2003;302:293–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Froemke RC, Merzenich MM, Schreiner CE. A synaptic memory trace for cortical receptive field plasticity. Nature 2007;450:425–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Viteau M, Chotia A, Allegrini M, Bouloufa N, Dulieu O, Comparat D, et al. Optical pumping and vibrational cooling of molecules. Science 2008;321:232–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eklund C, Marks RB, Ponnuswamy S, Stanwood KL, van Waes NJM. WirelessMAN®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Clark PE. Remote Sensing Tools for Exploration: Observing and Interpreting the Electromagnetic Spectrum. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Anderson DG. Pedicle-Lengthening Osteotomy for the Treatment of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis. In: Manfrè L, editor. Spinal Canal Stenosis, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 75–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Lipid Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Earth Narrowly Missed A Potentially Devastating Solar Superstorm In 2012. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Limited Success Rebuilding Staff and Finalizing Aging Aircraft Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stevens JW. Perception of counselor ethical behavior: A quantitative look at dual relationships in Maine. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Students Take On Whooshing Traffic. New York Times 2001:144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Lipid Research
AbbreviationProg. Lipid Res.
ISSN (print)0163-7827
Cell Biology

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