How to format your references using the Progress in Lipid Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Lipid Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C. Genomics: genotyping gets up to speed. Nature 2005;435:992.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shinar G, Feinberg M. Structural sources of robustness in biochemical reaction networks. Science 2010;327:1389–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tomonaga M, Uwano Y, Saito T. How dolphins see the world: a comparison with chimpanzees and humans. Sci Rep 2014;4:3717.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jiang J, Ou-Yang L, Zhu L, Zou J, Tang H. Novel one-pot fabrication of lab-on-a-bubble@Ag substrate without coupling-agent for surface enhanced Raman scattering. Sci Rep 2014;4:3942.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sahinoglu M. Cyber-Risk Informatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Gang DR, editor. The Biological Activity of Phytochemicals. vol. 41. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Rouan D. Ablation. In: Gargaud M, Amils R, Quintanilla JC, Cleaves HJ (jim), Irvine WM, Pinti DL, et al., editors. Encyclopedia of Astrobiology, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 3–3.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Lipid Research.

Blog post
Luntz S. Pollution Most Severe At Traffic Lights. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. GAO ADP Data Lines: Issue No. 2. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seidel JG. Adolescent female stress management curriculum. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Late-Night Successor to Colbert Is Canceled. New York Times 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Lipid Research
AbbreviationProg. Lipid Res.
ISSN (print)0163-7827
Cell Biology

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