How to format your references using the Progress in Lipid Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Lipid Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mollenauer LF. Physics. Nonlinear optics in fibers. Science 2003;302:996–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cowman AF, Crabb BS. The Plasmodium falciparum genome--a blueprint for erythrocyte invasion. Science 2002;298:126–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yin J, Sun Y, Ge F. Reduced plant nutrition under elevated CO₂ depresses the immunocompetence of cotton bollworm against its endoparasite. Sci Rep 2014;4:4538.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Paillaud J-L, Harbuzaru B, Patarin J, Bats N. Extra-large-pore zeolites with two-dimensional channels formed by 14 and 12 rings. Science 2004;304:990–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dallas HJ. Mastering the Challenges of Leading change. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Stathopoulos T, Baniotopoulos CC, editors. Wind Effects on Buildings and Design of Wind-Sensitive Structures. vol. 493. Vienna: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Phan MB, Breton R. Inequalities and Patterns of Social Attachments in Quebec and the Rest of Canada. In: Breton R, Dion KK, Dion KL, Phan MB, Banerjee R, editors. Multiculturalism and Social Cohesion: Potentials and Challenges of Diversity, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009, p. 89–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Lipid Research.

Blog post
Hale T. A Nazi Time Capsule Has Been Unearthed At A Former Training Camp. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Information on Expenditures, Schedule, and Cost Estimates, Fiscal Years 2004 -- 2030. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Messian NM. The Spiral of Time: A Path to the Soul—Jewish Mystical and Depth Psychological Perspectives. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Logic Streams Way To Top of Album Chart. New York Times 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Lipid Research
AbbreviationProg. Lipid Res.
ISSN (print)0163-7827
Cell Biology

Other styles