How to format your references using the Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Irion R. AAS HIGH-ENERGY ASTROPHYSICS DIVISION: X-rays Hit the Spot for Astrophysicists. Science. 2000;290:1884–1885.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Aral S, Walker D. Identifying influential and susceptible members of social networks. Science. 2012;337:337–341.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Okuda S, Freinkman E, Kahne D. Cytoplasmic ATP hydrolysis powers transport of lipopolysaccharide across the periplasm in E. coli. Science. 2012;338:1214–1217.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Persson A, Gross E, Laurent P, et al. Natural variation in a neural globin tunes oxygen sensing in wild Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature. 2009;458:1030–1033.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Sheriff RE, Hu YF. Mobile Satellite Communication Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2001.
An edited book
[1]
Boone CG, Fragkias M, editors. Urbanization and Sustainability: Linking Urban Ecology, Environmental Justice and Global Environmental Change. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Nogueira S, Ruichek Y, Gechter F, et al. An Artificial-Vision Based Environment Perception System. In: Abut H, Hansen JHL, Takeda K, editors. Advances for In-Vehicle and Mobile Systems: Challenges for International Standards. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007. p. 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistics.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Scientists Control Brain Cells Using Sound Waves. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Selected Information on Bypass of Local Telephone Companies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986. Report No.: RCED-86-100. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Rayford S. A Qualitative Analysis of Mentoring Experiences and Perceptions of Female Students Enrolled in a Doctoral Program in Education at a Midwestern University [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Feeney K. Beachfront Cafe. New York Times. 2007 Sep 9;14NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistics
AbbreviationStatistics (Ber.)
ISSN (print)0233-1888
ISSN (online)1029-4910
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

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