How to format your references using the Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Streicker DG. Science & SciLifeLab Prize. From persistence to cross-species emergence of a viral zoonosis. Science. 2013;342:1185–1186.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirch PV, Sharp WD. Coral 230Th dating of the imposition of a ritual control hierarchy in precontact Hawaii. Science. 2005;307:102–104.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reina JH, Susa CE, Fanchini FF. Extracting information from qubit-environment correlations. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7443.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Seki K, Hirahara M, Hoshino M, et al. Cold ions in the hot plasma sheet of Earth’s magnetotail. Nature. 2003;422:589–592.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaseghi SV. Advanced Digital Signal Processing and Noise Reduction. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Galvin KT, Prendergast M, editors. Poetic Inquiry II – Seeing, Caring, Understanding: Using Poetry as and for Inquiry. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Giosa MD. First Contact Distribution Function Estimation for a Partially Observed Dynamic Germ-Grain Model with Renewal Dropping Process. In: Aletti G, Micheletti A, Morale D, et al., editors. Math Everywhere: Deterministic and Stochastic Modelling in Biomedicine, Economics and Industry Dedicated to the 60th Birthday of Vincenzo Capasso. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistics.

Blog post
Andrew E. Researchers Discover Vaccine-Resistant Polio Strain [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Services: Better Dissemination and Oversight of DOT’s Guidance Could Lead to Improved Access for Limited English-Proficient Populations (Vietnamese Version). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005. Report No.: GAO-06-187. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pak CH. A study of high-performing at-risk high school students and their perceptions on academic success and achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Puerto Rico Passes Bill Allowing It to Declare a Moratorium on Its Debt. New York Times. 2016 Apr 7;B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistics
AbbreviationStatistics (Ber.)
ISSN (print)0233-1888
ISSN (online)1029-4910
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

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