How to format your references using the Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Ray LB. Metabolism. Metabolism is not boring. Introduction. Science. 2010;330:1337.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Feld GB, Born J. Neuroscience. Exploiting sleep to modify bad attitudes. Science. 2015;348:971–972.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bar-Yam Y, Harmon D, de Bivort B. Systems biology. Attractors and democratic dynamics. Science. 2009;323:1016–1017.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Liu G, Li Z, Wei Y, et al. Direct detection of FoxP3 expression in thymic double-negative CD4-CD8- cells by flow cytometry. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5781.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Dasgupta A. Resolving Erroneous Reports in Toxicology and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Chen P-C. US Firms’ Business Competence in the Taiwanese IT Industry. Kim Y-C, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Herren C. An Un-American Horror Story. In: Lowery C, Walker A, Thomas C, editors. Un-Democratic Acts: New Departures for Dialogues in Society and Schools. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2016. p. 51–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistics.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Astronomers Have Discovered The Oldest Stars In Our Galaxy [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/discovery-ancient-stars-sheds-light-primordial-hypernovae/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Rural Broadband Deployment: Improved Consistency with Leading Practices Could Enhance Management of Loan and Grant Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017. Report No.: GAO-17-301. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kim SB. Model uncertainty and model averaging in the estimation of benchmark dose [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wagner J. Mets May Start Spring With Outfield As Is. New York Times. 2017 Jan 13;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistics
AbbreviationStatistics (Ber.)
ISSN (print)0233-1888
ISSN (online)1029-4910
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

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