How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Havlin, S. Epidemiology. Phone infections. Science 324, 1023–1024 (2009).
A journal article with 2 authors
Ortega-Jimenez, V. M. & Dudley, R. Spiderweb deformation induced by electrostatically charged insects. Sci. Rep. 3, 2108 (2013).
A journal article with 3 authors
Knudson, M. D., Desjarlais, M. P. & Dolan, D. H. Shock-wave exploration of the high-pressure phases of carbon. Science 322, 1822–1825 (2008).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Zitin, A. et al. Spatially embedded growing small-world networks. Sci. Rep. 4, 7047 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Trout, J. & Rivkin, S. Differentiate or Die. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008).
An edited book
Sanfilippo, J. S. Primary Care in Obstetrics and Gynecology: A Handbook for Clinicians. (Springer, 2007).
A chapter in an edited book
Weston, A. With Mino on the Road. in Universe of Scales: From Nanotechnology to Cosmology: Symposium in Honor of Minoru M. Freund (eds. Freund, F. & Langhoff, S.) 9–10 (Springer International Publishing, 2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Rheumatology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. The Farthest Stars In The Milky Way Might Come From Another Galaxy. IFLScience (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Medical ADP Systems: Automated Medical Records Hold Promise to Improve Patient Care. (1991).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Katsky, C. S. Open Secrets: Congressional Oversight of the CIA in the Early Cold War. (George Washington University, 2015).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Scialabba, G. Five Who Shook the World. New York Times BR21 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Rheumatology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Rheumatol.
ISSN (print)1759-4790
ISSN (online)1759-4804

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