How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clery, D. Six handshakes, then silence. Science 344, 964–965 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
Kitagawa, N. & Ichihara, S. Hearing visual motion in depth. Nature 416, 172–174 (2002).
A journal article with 3 authors
Gillespie, A. R., Montgomery, D. R. & Mushkin, A. Planetary science: are there active glaciers on Mars? Nature 438, E9-10; discussion E10 (2005).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Nahlen, B. L., Korenromp, E. L., Miller, J. M. & Shibuya, K. Malaria risk: estimating clinical episodes of malaria. Nature 437, E3; discussion E4-5 (2005).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tiwari, A., Gerhardt, R. A. & Szutkowska, M. Advanced Ceramic Materials. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016).
An edited book
Towards Paraconsistent Engineering. 110, (Springer International Publishing, 2016).
A chapter in an edited book
Yu, P. L., Sadler, B. M., Verma, G. & Baras, J. S. Fingerprinting by Design: Embedding and Authentication. in Digital Fingerprinting (eds. Wang, C., Gerdes, R. M., Guan, Y. & Kasera, S. K.) 69–88 (Springer, 2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Rheumatology.

Blog post
Hale, T. Tortoise Receives A 3D-Printed Shell After It Was Burnt In A Forest Fire. IFLScience (2016). Available at: (Accessed: 30th October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA: International Space Station and Shuttle Support Cost Limits. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sun, Z. A qualitative study of Chinese parents’ beliefs, involvement and challenges in support of their children’s English language development in China. (California State University, Long Beach, 2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. For Purveyor of Heartache and Cruelty, It’s All Fiction. New York Times A23B (2012).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Rheumatology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Rheumatol.
ISSN (print)1759-4790
ISSN (online)1759-4804

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