How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arena, B. J. Outside my comfort zone. Science 345, 842 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
Fromherz, P. & Voelker, M. Comment on ‘Detection, stimulation, and inhibition of neuronal signals with high-density nanowire transistor arrays’. Science 323, 1429; author reply 1429 (2009).
A journal article with 3 authors
Wolf, S. M., Annas, G. J. & Elias, S. Point-counterpoint. Patient autonomy and incidental findings in clinical genomics. Science 340, 1049–1050 (2013).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Banu, N. et al. Building and optimizing a virus-specific T cell receptor library for targeted immunotherapy in viral infections. Sci. Rep. 4, 4166 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnett, J. E. & Johnson, W. B. Ethics Desk Reference for Counselors. (American Counseling Association, 2015).
An edited book
Ion Beams in Nanoscience and Technology. (Springer, 2010).
A chapter in an edited book
Al-Rawi, M. S. & Cunha, J. P. S. Using Permutation Tests to Study How the Dimensionality, the Number of Classes, and the Number of Samples Affect Classification Analysis. in Image Analysis and Recognition: 9th International Conference, ICIAR 2012, Aveiro, Portugal, June 25-27, 2012. Proceedings, Part I (eds. Campilho, A. & Kamel, M.) 34–42 (Springer, 2012).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Rheumatology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Graphene Light Detector Could Lead To Heat Vision Contact Lenses. IFLScience (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. (2003).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krometis, L.-A. H. Microbial partitioning in urban stormwaters. (University of North Carolina, 2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. A Tea ‘Room,’ on 2 Floors. New York Times NJ12 (2009).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Rheumatology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Rheumatol.
ISSN (print)1759-4790
ISSN (online)1759-4804

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