How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wand, A. J. On the dynamic origins of allosteric activation. Science 293, 1395 (2001).
A journal article with 2 authors
Victor, D. G. & Kennel, C. F. Climate policy: Ditch the 2 °C warming goal. Nature 514, 30–31 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
Haerizadeh, F., Singh, M. B. & Bhalla, P. L. Transcriptional repression distinguishes somatic from germ cell lineages in a plant. Science 313, 496–499 (2006).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Hidalgo, C. A., Klinger, B., Barabási, A.-L. & Hausmann, R. The product space conditions the development of nations. Science 317, 482–487 (2007).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stirling, E. Valuing Older People. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2010).
An edited book
Beyond Conventional Boundaries: Uncertainty in Research and Practice with Children. vol. 13 (SensePublishers, 2011).
A chapter in an edited book
Gold, C. Spatial Embedding and Spatial Context. in Quality of Context: First International Workshop, QuaCon 2009, Stuttgart, Germany, June 25-26, 2009. Revised Papers (eds. Rothermel, K., Fritsch, D., Blochinger, W. & Dürr, F.) 53–64 (Springer, 2009).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Rheumatology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Possible Burial Bed Of Jesus Christ Excavated In Jerusalem. IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mission Support Project: Analyzing User Requirements for Assignment Management Tasks. (1992).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pak, C. H. A study of high-performing at-risk high school students and their perceptions on academic success and achievement. (Pepperdine University, 2015).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. Writing Partner ‘Flabbergasted’ By Accusations Against Halperin. New York Times B1 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Rheumatology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Rheumatol.
ISSN (print)1759-4790
ISSN (online)1759-4804

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