How to format your references using the Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Gratton E. Applied physics. Deeper tissue imaging with total detection. Science 2011; 331: 1016–1017.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Kelleher RJ 3rd, Shen J. Genetics. Gamma-secretase and human disease. Science 2010; 330: 1055–1056.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Yang Y, Dong Y, Chawla NV. Predicting node degree centrality with the node prominence profile. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 7236.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Galkin VE, Yu X, Bielnicki J, Heuser J, Ewing CP, Guerry P et al. Divergence of quaternary structures among bacterial flagellar filaments. Science 2008; 320: 382–385.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Dosil J. Eating Disorders in Athletes. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, West Sussex, England, 2008.
An edited book
1
Smith C. Digging It Up Down Under: A Practical Guide to Doing Archaeology in Australia. Springer: New York, NY, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Heidt M, Kanellopoulos K, Pfeiffer L, Rosenthal P. HCI and the Community of Non-users. In: Marcus A (ed). Design, User Experience, and Usability: Design Discourse: 4th International Conference, DUXU 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Part I. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015, pp 44–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases.

Blog post
1
Andrew D. If Atoms Are Mostly Empty Space, Why Do Objects Look And Feel Solid? IFLScience. 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Control of the National Science Foundation Peer Review Study. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Xiao EA. Understanding Employment to Entrepreneurship Transitions among Women Working in the Tech Industry. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kishkovsky S. The Bolshoi Tries Partnering With a Friend From America. New York Times. 2007; : AR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleProstate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
AbbreviationProstate Cancer Prostatic Dis.
ISSN (print)1365-7852
ISSN (online)1476-5608
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology
Urology

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