How to format your references using the Acta Neurologica Belgica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Neurologica Belgica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knott G (2015) Neurodegeneration: Cold shock protects the brain. Nature 518:177–178
A journal article with 2 authors
Mechoulam R, Lichtman AH (2003) Neuroscience. Stout guards of the central nervous system. Science 302:65–67
A journal article with 3 authors
Royle NJ, Hartley IR, Parker GA (2002) Sexual conflict reduces offspring fitness in zebra finches. Nature 416:733–736
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Más P, Kim W-Y, Somers DE, Kay SA (2003) Targeted degradation of TOC1 by ZTL modulates circadian function in Arabidopsis thaliana. Nature 426:567–570

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
de Klerk A (2011) Fischer-Tropsch Refining. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Wu Y (2011) Computing and Intelligent Systems: International Conference, ICCIC 2011, Wuhan, China, September 17-18, 2011, Proceedings, Part III. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Takahashi D (2016) Implementation of Multiple-Precision Floating-Point Arithmetic on Intel Xeon Phi Coprocessors. In: Gervasi O, Murgante B, Misra S, et al (eds) Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2016: 16th International Conference, Beijing, China, July 4-7, 2016, Proceedings, Part II. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 60–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Neurologica Belgica.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Fossil Teeth of Mysterious Hippo Ancestor Unearthed in Kenya. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) The F-14/PHOENIX Aircraft Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Payne LG (2015) The experience of caring for women with drug or alcohol problems in the general hospital. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2008) From the Farm | How to Skip Supermarkets. New York Times NJ11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Neurologica Belgica
AbbreviationActa Neurol. Belg.
ISSN (print)0300-9009
ISSN (online)2240-2993
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology

Other styles