How to format your references using the Acta Neurologica Belgica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Neurologica Belgica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glynn I (2001) An intriguing door. Nature 413:683
A journal article with 2 authors
Ochman H, Raghavan R (2009) Systems biology. Excavating the functional landscape of bacterial cells. Science 326:1200–1201
A journal article with 3 authors
Cordier P, Amodeo J, Carrez P (2012) Modelling the rheology of MgO under Earth’s mantle pressure, temperature and strain rates. Nature 481:177–180
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li S, Luo J, Anwar S, et al (2014) An equivalent realization of coherent perfect absorption under single beam illumination. Sci Rep 4:7369

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gutiérrez Í, Meléndez J, Hernández E (2007) Design and Characterization of Integrated Varactors for RF Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Paradisi A, Yacoub MD, Lira Figueiredo F, Tronco T (2016) Long Term Evolution: 4G and Beyond. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Dennedy MF, Fox J, Finneran TR (2014) Developing Privacy Engineering Requirements. In: Fox J, Finneran TR (eds) The Privacy Engineer’s Manifesto: Getting from Policy to Code to QA to Value. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 93–120

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Neurologica Belgica.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Stardust Trapped Deep Within The Ocean Reveals A 2.6-Million-Year-Old Mystery. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Intercity Passenger Rail: Issues Associated with the Recent Settlement between Amtrak and the Consortium of Bombardier and Alstom. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Subbarao S (2015) An 8-PSK super regenerative receiver: Design and simulation. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2013) Monopoly Goes Corporate. New York Times SR12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Neurologica Belgica
AbbreviationActa Neurol. Belg.
ISSN (print)0300-9009
ISSN (online)2240-2993
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology

Other styles