How to format your references using the Acta Neurologica Belgica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Neurologica Belgica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain S (2015) A potted history. Nature 525:S10-1
A journal article with 2 authors
Mukhopadhyay S, Linstedt AD (2012) Manganese blocks intracellular trafficking of Shiga toxin and protects against Shiga toxicosis. Science 335:332–335
A journal article with 3 authors
Borys NJ, Shafran E, Lupton JM (2013) Surface plasmon delocalization in silver nanoparticle aggregates revealed by subdiffraction supercontinuum hot spots. Sci Rep 3:2090
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Luo C, Ibanescu M, Johnson SG, Joannopoulos JD (2003) Cerenkov radiation in photonic crystals. Science 299:368–371

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ming D, Glasser D, Hildebrandt D, et al (2016) Attainable Region Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
A chapter in an edited book
Smith BJ (2009) Weathering Processes and Forms. In: Parsons AJ, Abrahams AD (eds) Geomorphology of Desert Environments. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 69–100

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Neurologica Belgica.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) This Plane Will Take You Anywhere In The World In 4 Hours. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Aviation Competition: Effects on Consumers from Domestic Airline Alliances Vary. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Igbojekwe SC (2014) Development of Environmental Friendly Cement for Oil and Gas Well Application. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Extra Innings and Late-Game Twists. New York Times A2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Neurologica Belgica
AbbreviationActa Neurol. Belg.
ISSN (print)0300-9009
ISSN (online)2240-2993
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology

Other styles