How to format your references using the Acta Neurologica Belgica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Neurologica Belgica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chu S (2002) Cold atoms and quantum control. Nature 416:206–210
A journal article with 2 authors
Boomsma JJ, Pamilo P (2010) Retrospective. Rossiter H. Crozier (1943-2009). Science 327:45
A journal article with 3 authors
Orlove BS, Chiang JC, Cane MA (2000) Forecasting Andean rainfall and crop yield from the influence of El Nino on Pleiades visibility. Nature 403:68–71
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Millgate AG, Pogson BJ, Wilson IW, et al (2004) Analgesia: morphine-pathway block in top1 poppies. Nature 431:413–414

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Esmailzadeh R (2006) Broadband Wireless Communications Business. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Aalberg T, Papatheodorou C, Dobreva M, et al (2013) Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries: International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries, TPDL 2013, Valletta, Malta, September 22-26, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Zeng D, Gu L, Guo S (2015) A General Communication Cost Optimization Framework for Big Data Stream Processing in Geo-Distributed Data Centers. In: Gu L, Guo S (eds) Cloud Networking for Big Data. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 79–100

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Neurologica Belgica.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Shifting Wildlife Ranges Due To Climate Change Will Impact Health, People, And Culture. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Federal Retirement Processing: OPM Is Pursuing Incremental Information Technology Improvements after Canceling a Modernization Plagued by Management Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Colker JO (2008) A grounded theory approach to developing a theory of leadership through a case study of ShoreBank. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg E (2016) Misconduct Complaint Against Christie Has Merit, Judge Says. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Neurologica Belgica
AbbreviationActa Neurol. Belg.
ISSN (print)0300-9009
ISSN (online)2240-2993
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology

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