How to format your references using the Acta Neurologica Belgica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Neurologica Belgica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Towe KM (2002) The problematic rise of Archean oxygen. Science 295:1419
A journal article with 2 authors
Witt E, Ashworth A (2002) Biomedicine. D-Day for BRCA2. Science 297:534
A journal article with 3 authors
Rees M, Koppelman B, Davison N (2010) Scientific steps to nuclear disarmament. Nature 465:290–291
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Coggan JS, Bartol TM, Esquenazi E, et al (2005) Evidence for ectopic neurotransmission at a neuronal synapse. Science 309:446–451

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hezaveh A (2007) SAS® 9 Study Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sala E (2008) Radiology for Surgeons in Clinical Practice. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Martin A, Quarles LD (2012) Evidence for FGF23 Involvement in a Bone-Kidney Axis Regulating Bone Mineralization and Systemic Phosphate and Vitamin D Homeostasis. In: Kuro-o M (ed) Endocrine FGFs and Klothos. Springer US, New York, NY, pp 65–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Neurologica Belgica.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Jurassic World: If You Make A Monster It Will Always Bite Back. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Mass Transit: Issues Related to Fiscal Year 1995 Appropriations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lanigan LG (2012) Effects of Two Cancer Genes, HTLV-1 Tax and E-Cadherin, on Cancer Development and Progression. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry E, Kishkovsky S (2013) Latest Twist at Bolshoi: Director Is Pushed Out. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Neurologica Belgica
AbbreviationActa Neurol. Belg.
ISSN (print)0300-9009
ISSN (online)2240-2993
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology

Other styles