How to format your references using the Progress in Artificial Intelligence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Artificial Intelligence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Turnbaugh, P.J.: Microbiology: fat, bile and gut microbes. Nature. 487, 47–48 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rowland, J.M., Emlen, D.J.: Two thresholds, three male forms result in facultative male trimorphism in beetles. Science. 323, 773–776 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Shi, Y., Tyson, G.W., DeLong, E.F.: Metatranscriptomics reveals unique microbial small RNAs in the ocean’s water column. Nature. 459, 266–269 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Enard, W., Przeworski, M., Fisher, S.E., Lai, C.S.L., Wiebe, V., Kitano, T., Monaco, A.P., Pääbo, S.: Molecular evolution of FOXP2, a gene involved in speech and language. Nature. 418, 869–872 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hitz, C.B., Ewing, J., Hecht, J.: Introduction to Laser Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2012)
An edited book
1.
Chio, C.D., Brabazon, A., Caro, G.A.D., Ebner, M., Farooq, M., Fink, A., Grahl, J., Greenfield, G., Machado, P., O’Neill, M., Tarantino, E., Urquhart, N. eds: Applications of Evolutionary Computation: EvoApplications 2010: EvoCOMNET, EvoENVIRONMENT, EvoFIN, EvoMUSART, and EvoTRANSLOG, Istanbul, Turkey, April 7-9, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kras, J.F.: Perioperative Considerations of Do Not Resuscitate and Do Not Intubate Orders in Adult Patients. In: Jericho, B.G. (ed.) Ethical Issues in Anesthesiology and Surgery. pp. 45–57. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Artificial Intelligence.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, D.: How A Saviour Of The Ozone Hole Became A Climate Change Villain – And How We’re Going To Fix It

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Cargo Tank Trucks: Improved Incident Data and Regulatory Analysis Would Better Inform Decisions about Safety Risks. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2013)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Duberstein, J.N.: The shape of the commons: Social networks and the conservation of small-scale fisheries in the northern Gulf of California, Mexico, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
ADAM LIPTAK; Janet Roberts of The Times’s computer-assisted reporting unit contributed reporting for this series. She was assisted by Jack Styczynski, Anderson, D., Amster, L., Begg, J., Delaquérière, A., Jamison, S., Lyles, T., Wilder, C.: To More Inmates, Life Term Means Dying Behind Bars, (2005)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Artificial Intelligence
AbbreviationProg. Artif. Intell.
ISSN (print)2192-6352
ISSN (online)2192-6360
ScopeArtificial Intelligence

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