How to format your references using the Journal of Structural Biology: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Structural Biology: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCabe, H., 2000. Reshuffle lifts French synchrotron hopes. Nature 404, 533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fitch, W.T., Hauser, M.D., 2004. Computational constraints on syntactic processing in a nonhuman primate. Science 303, 377–380.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sarbu, T., Styranec, T., Beckman, E.J., 2000. Non-fluorous polymers with very high solubility in supercritical CO2 down to low pressures. Nature 405, 165–168.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mainland, J.D., Bremner, E.A., Young, N., Johnson, B.N., Khan, R.M., Bensafi, M., Sobel, N., 2002. Olfactory plasticity: one nostril knows what the other learns. Nature 419, 802.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perrin, V., 2013. MRI Techniques. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Ruiz-Amaya, J., 2011. Device-Level Modeling and Synthesis of High-Performance Pipeline ADCs. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Reddy, S., Shilton, K., Burke, J., Estrin, D., Hansen, M., Srivastava, M., 2009. Using Context Annotated Mobility Profiles to Recruit Data Collectors in Participatory Sensing, in: Choudhury, T., Quigley, A., Strang, T., Suginuma, K. (Eds.), Location and Context Awareness: 4th International Symposium, LoCA 2009 Tokyo, Japan, May 7-8, 2009 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 52–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Structural Biology: X.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. When Parents Disagree With Doctors On A Child’s Treatment, Who Should Have The Final Say? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Aviation Safety: FAA Has An Opportunity to Enhance Safety and Improve Oversight of Initial Pilot Training (No. GAO-12-537T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chamberlin, A.A., 2015. Academic-related factors and emotional eating in adolescents (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2016. A Superhero Who Defies Gravity, Despite a Heavy Burden. New York Times C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCabe, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Fitch and Hauser, 2004; McCabe, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fitch and Hauser, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Mainland et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Structural Biology: X
ISSN (print)2590-1524

Other styles