How to format your references using the Journal of Structural Biology: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Structural Biology: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zanette, D., 2008. Playing by numbers. Nature 453, 988–989.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rivera, L.B., Bergers, G., 2015. CANCER. Tumor angiogenesis, from foe to friend. Science 349, 694–695.
A journal article with 3 authors
D’Hondt, S., Rutherford, S., Spivack, A.J., 2002. Metabolic activity of subsurface life in deep-sea sediments. Science 295, 2067–2070.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Crooker, S.A., Furis, M., Lou, X., Adelmann, C., Smith, D.L., Palmstrøm, C.J., Crowell, P.A., 2005. Imaging spin transport in lateral ferromagnet/semiconductor structures. Science 309, 2191–2195.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taber, D.F., 2006. Organic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kokhanovsky, A.A. (Ed.), 2008. Light Scattering Reviews 3: Light Scattering and Reflection, Springer Praxis Books. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Haughton, D., McLaughlin, M.-D., Mentzer, K., Zhang, C., 2015. Movie Attendance and Trends, in: McLaughlin, M.-D., Mentzer, K., Zhang, C. (Eds.), Movie Analytics: A Hollywood Introduction to Big Data, SpringerBriefs in Statistics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 25–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Structural Biology: X.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Search For ET Has Been Going On For Years: So What Do We Know So Far? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. Transfer of Government-Owned Weather Satellites to Private Sector (No. B-210820). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Avila, B., 2013. Comparison of paternal and maternal involvement in a government funded home-based intervention program: A multivariate analysis of parent gender, child gender and age of the child (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2005. Know When to Hold ’em, Know When to Fold ’em. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zanette, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Rivera and Bergers, 2015; Zanette, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rivera and Bergers, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Crooker et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Structural Biology: X
ISSN (print)2590-1524

Other styles