How to format your references using the Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Freed, Eric O. 2002. “Virology. Rafting with Ebola.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5566): 279.
A journal article with 2 authors
Unniraman, Shyam, and David G. Schatz. 2007. “Strand-Biased Spreading of Mutations during Somatic Hypermutation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5842): 1227–1230.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ibarra, Rafael U., Jeremy S. Edwards, and Bernhard O. Palsson. 2002. “Escherichia Coli K-12 Undergoes Adaptive Evolution to Achieve in Silico Predicted Optimal Growth.” Nature 420 (6912): 186–189.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Venegas, Carmen, Sathish Kumar, Bernardo S. Franklin, Tobias Dierkes, Rebecca Brinkschulte, Dario Tejera, Ana Vieira-Saecker, et al. 2017. “Microglia-Derived ASC Specks Cross-Seed Amyloid-β in Alzheimer’s Disease.” Nature 552 (7685): 355–361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benatar, David. 2012. The Second Sexism. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Alagumalai, Sivakumar. 2013. Excellence in Scholarship: Transcending Transdisciplinarity in Teacher Education. Edited by Stephanie Burley and John P. Keeves. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Bentley, Michael L. 2010. “Toward Awakening Consciousness: A Response to EcoJustice Education and Science Education.” In Cultural Studies and Environmentalism: The Confluence of EcoJustice, Place-Based (Science) Education, and Indigenous Knowledge Systems, edited by Deborah J. Tippins, Michael P. Mueller, Michiel van Eijck, and Jennifer D. Adams, 29–41. Cultural Studies of Science Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Magnetic Fields Can Control Heat And Sound.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. III, No. 10. 147910. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holler, Joseph C. 2015. “A Phenomenological Case Study of Finding Meaning through the Developmental Nature of a Doctoral Program in Organization Change.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eddy, Melissa. 2017. “Merkel Calls Violence Stemming From Rally ‘Racist’ and ‘Horrifying.’” New York Times, August 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hayashi 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bozell 2010; Cresswell 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Unniraman and Schatz 2007)
  • Three authors: (Ibarra, Edwards, and Palsson 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Solomonov et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Iberian and Latin American Studies
ISSN (print)1470-1847
ISSN (online)1469-9524

Other styles