How to format your references using the Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weyer, Stefan. 2008. “Geochemistry. What Drives Iron Isotope Fractionation in Magma?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5883): 1600–1601.
A journal article with 2 authors
Geisler, Jonathan H., and Jessica M. Theodor. 2009. “Hippopotamus and Whale Phylogeny.” Nature 458 (7236): E1-4; discussion E5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Discher, Dennis E., Paul Janmey, and Yu-Li Wang. 2005. “Tissue Cells Feel and Respond to the Stiffness of Their Substrate.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5751): 1139–1143.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Naruse, Makoto, Takeharu Tani, Hideki Yasuda, Naoya Tate, Motoichi Ohtsu, and Masayuki Naya. 2014. “Randomness in Highly Reflective Silver Nanoparticles and Their Localized Optical Fields.” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 6077.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Haik, Basem Said. 2005. Axiomatic Quality. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Barkatsas, Tasos, and Adam Bertram, eds. 2016. Global Learning in the 21st Century. Global Education in the 21st Century Series. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Hoarau, André, and Thierry Monteil. 2013. “Persistent Patterns in Integer Discrete Circles.” In Discrete Geometry for Computer Imagery: 17th IAPR International Conference, DGCI 2013, Seville, Spain, March 20-22, 2013. Proceedings, edited by Rocio Gonzalez-Diaz, Maria-Jose Jimenez, and Belen Medrano, 35–46. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “There’s A Fly In The Ointment Of Solar-Powered LED Lighting.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Financial Audit: District of Columbia Highway Trust Fund’s 1996 Financial Statements. AIMD-98-30. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duley, Larenda A. 2012. “A Qualitative Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experiences of Women Remaining in Abusive Relationships.” Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson, James. 2017. “University Presses.” New York Times, August 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weyer 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Weyer 2008; Geisler and Theodor 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Geisler and Theodor 2009)
  • Three authors: (Discher, Janmey, and Wang 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Naruse et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Iberian and Latin American Studies
ISSN (print)1470-1847
ISSN (online)1469-9524

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