How to format your references using the Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rarity, J. G. 2003. “Physics. Getting Entangled in Free Space.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5633): 604–605.
A journal article with 2 authors
Parker, Heidi G., and Elaine A. Ostrander. 2014. “Cancer. Hiding in Plain View--an Ancient Dog in the Modern World.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6169): 376–378.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qvarnström, Anna, Jon E. Brommer, and Lars Gustafsson. 2006. “Testing the Genetics Underlying the Co-Evolution of Mate Choice and Ornament in the Wild.” Nature 441 (7089): 84–86.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wainer, Ilana, Luciana Figueiredo Prado, Myriam Khodri, and Bette Otto-Bliesner. 2014. “Reconstruction of the South Atlantic Subtropical Dipole Index for the Past 12,000 Years from Surface Temperature Proxy.” Scientific Reports 4 (June): 5291.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bahgat, Gawdat. 2011. Energy Security. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gerlach, M., Jürgen Deckert, K. Double, and E. Koutsilieri, eds. 2007. Neuropsychiatric Disorders An Integrative Approach. Vol. 72. Journal of Neural Transmission. Supplementa. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, Rina, and Lillie R. Albert. 2015. “Knowledge for Teaching Mathematics Category I: Mathematics Curriculum Knowledge.” In Mathematics Teaching and Learning: South Korean Elementary Teachers’ Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching, edited by Lillie R. Albert, 63–76. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “When An Antarctic Iceberg The Size Of A Country Breaks Away, What Happens Next?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Spectrum Management: Preliminary Findings on Federal Relocation Costs and Auction Revenues. GAO-13-563T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rahmani, Maryam. 2017. “On the Calculation of Time-Domain Impulse-Response of Systems from Band-Limited Scattering-Parameters Using Wavelet Transform.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, John. 2017. “A Different Kind of Dystopian Novel.” New York Times, February 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rarity 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Rarity 2003; Parker and Ostrander 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Parker and Ostrander 2014)
  • Three authors: (Qvarnström, Brommer, and Gustafsson 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wainer et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Iberian and Latin American Studies
ISSN (print)1470-1847
ISSN (online)1469-9524

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