How to format your references using the Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harvey, Charles F. 2002. “Groundwater Flow in the Ganges Delta.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5573): 1563.
A journal article with 2 authors
Straus, Stephen E., and Margaret A. Chesney. 2006. “Science and Government. Enhanced: In Defense of NCCAM.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5785): 303–304.
A journal article with 3 authors
Messer, Hagit, Artem Zinevich, and Pinhas Alpert. 2006. “Environmental Monitoring by Wireless Communication Networks.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5774): 713.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Groh, Veronika, Jennifer Wu, Cassian Yee, and Thomas Spies. 2002. “Tumour-Derived Soluble MIC Ligands Impair Expression of NKG2D and T-Cell Activation.” Nature 419 (6908): 734–738.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alvarez, Pedro J. J., and Walter A. Illman. 2005. Bioremediation and Natural Attenuation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schönwälder, Jürgen, and Joan Serrat, eds. 2005. Ambient Networks: 16th IFIP/IEEE International Workshop on Distributed Systems: Operations and Management, DSOM 2005, Barcelona, Spain, October 24-26, 2005. Proceedings. Vol. 3775. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakano, Tadashi, and Jian-Qin Liu. 2009. “Information Transfer through Calcium Signaling.” In Nano-Net: 4th International ICST Conference, Nano-Net 2009, Lucerne, Switzerland, October 18-20, 2009. Proceedings, edited by Alexandre Schmid, Sanjay Goel, Wei Wang, Valeriu Beiu, and Sandro Carrara, 29–33. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Robot Chef That Can Cook 2,000 Meals Set To Go On Sale In 2017.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Standard Terminal Automation Replacement System Project. RCED-97-51. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Irving, Antionette V. 2017. “Occupational Stress and Law Enforcement Officer Significant Relationships.” Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, Susan. 2017. “A Westchester Town With Acres of Open Land.” New York Times, March 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harvey 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Harvey 2002; Straus and Chesney 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Straus and Chesney 2006)
  • Three authors: (Messer, Zinevich, and Alpert 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Groh et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Iberian and Latin American Studies
ISSN (print)1470-1847
ISSN (online)1469-9524

Other styles