How to format your references using the Progress in Additive Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Additive Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mortlock D (2014) Astronomy: The age of the quasars. Nature 514:43–44
A journal article with 2 authors
Teh O-K, Moore I (2007) An ARF-GEF acting at the Golgi and in selective endocytosis in polarized plant cells. Nature 448:493–496
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim HK, Hanson GW, Geller DA (2013) Chemistry. Are gold clusters in RF fields hot or not? Science 340:441–442
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yurke B, Turberfield AJ, Mills AP Jr, et al (2000) A DNA-fuelled molecular machine made of DNA. Nature 406:605–608

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gup BE (2011) Banking and Financial Institutions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Fischlin M, Katzenbeisser S (2013) Number Theory and Cryptography: Papers in Honor of Johannes Buchmann on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ishikawa M, Nagamatsu M, Hagiwara T, et al (2010) Brain-Inspired Emergence of Behaviors Based on Values and Curiosity in Mobile Robots. In: Hanazawa A, Miki T, Horio K (eds) Brain-Inspired Information Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–38

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Additive Manufacturing.

Blog post
Luntz S (2017) 100-Year-Old Drug Produces Temporary Improved Learning Skills In Autistic Children. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Maritime Transportation: Implications of Using U.S. Liquefied-Natural-Gas Carriers for Exports. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oppenheimer C (2010) Use of bibliotherapy as an adjunctive therapy with bereaved children: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr (2017) Released Man’s Murder Charge Stokes a Bail Debate. New York Times A22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Additive Manufacturing
AbbreviationProg. Addit. Manuf.
ISSN (print)2363-9512
ISSN (online)2363-9520

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