How to format your references using the Progress in Additive Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Additive Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Reichhardt T (2000) Safety concerns force NASA to condemn satellite to fiery end. Nature 404:423
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Knox AL, Brown NH (2002) Rap1 GTPase regulation of adherens junction positioning and cell adhesion. Science 295:1285–1288
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ambrose KV, Koppenhöfer AM, Belanger FC (2014) Horizontal gene transfer of a bacterial insect toxin gene into the Epichloë fungal symbionts of grasses. Sci Rep 4:5562
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Kalsin AM, Fialkowski M, Paszewski M, et al (2006) Electrostatic self-assembly of binary nanoparticle crystals with a diamond-like lattice. Science 312:420–424

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Fayngold M (2005) Special Relativity and Motions Faster than Light. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
1.
Clack JA, Fay RR, Popper AN (2016) Evolution of the Vertebrate Ear: Evidence from the Fossil Record. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ceci F, Weber RO, Gonçalves AL, Pacheco RCS (2015) Adapting Sentiments with Context. In: Hüllermeier E, Minor M (eds) Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development: 23rd International Conference, ICCBR 2015, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, September 28-30, 2015. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 44–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Additive Manufacturing.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Fluorescent Fish Show Off To Mates But Remain Hidden From Predators. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/fluorescent-fish-show-mates-remain-hidden-predators/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1974) Administration of the Medicaid Drug Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Fahmy C (2012) Intoxicated by music: A content analysis of the prevalence of alcohol, illicit substances, and tobacco in popular music from 2000 to 2011. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S (2007) 2 Russian Churches, Split by War, Reuniting. New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Additive Manufacturing
AbbreviationProg. Addit. Manuf.
ISSN (print)2363-9512
ISSN (online)2363-9520
Scope

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