How to format your references using the Progress in Additive Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Additive Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2004) The fame game. Nature 428:447
A journal article with 2 authors
Vaughn D, Strathmann RR (2008) Predators induce cloning in echinoderm larvae. Science 319:1503
A journal article with 3 authors
Davis SJ, Caldeira K, Matthews HD (2010) Future CO2 emissions and climate change from existing energy infrastructure. Science 329:1330–1333
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nesbitt SJ, Smith ND, Irmis RB, et al (2009) A complete skeleton of a Late Triassic saurischian and the early evolution of dinosaurs. Science 326:1530–1533

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corley RHV, Tinker PB (2015) The Oil Palm. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kamel M, Campilho A (2015) Image Analysis and Recognition: 12th International Conference, ICIAR 2015, Niagara Falls, ON, Canada, July 22-24, 2015, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Rička J, Frenz M (2011) Polarized Light: Electrodynamic Fundamentals. In: Welch AJ, Gemert MJC van (eds) Optical-Thermal Response of Laser-Irradiated Tissue. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 65–108

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Additive Manufacturing.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Tesla Powers A Whole Island With Solar Power. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) The Management and Operation of the Runaway Youth Program Administered by the Administration for Children, Youth, and Families, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lawary Y (2014) A Comparison of How Three Four-Year University Teacher Education Programs Prepare Pre-Service Teachers to Use Culturally Relevant Pedagogy. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B (2017) Powerful or Offensive? Ramadan Ad Depicting Would-Be Terrorist Proves Divisive. New York Times A9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Additive Manufacturing
AbbreviationProg. Addit. Manuf.
ISSN (print)2363-9512
ISSN (online)2363-9520

Other styles