How to format your references using the Progress in Additive Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Additive Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Cohen JE (2003) Human population: the next half century. Science 302:1172–1175
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Palmer MR, Pearson PN (2003) A 23,000-year record of surface water pH and PCO2 in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean. Science 300:480–482
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hudson JJ, Taylor WD, Schindler DW (2000) Phosphate concentrations in lakes. Nature 406:54–56
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Parks JJ, Champagne AR, Costi TA, et al (2010) Mechanical control of spin states in spin-1 molecules and the underscreened Kondo effect. Science 328:1370–1373

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cyr KS (2010) Microsoft® Exchange Server 2010 Administration. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
1.
Wong Kee Song LM, Gorospe EC, Baron TH (2016) GI Endoscopic Emergencies, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Stokowski PA (2013) Organizational Cultures and Place-Based Conservation. In: Stewart WP, Williams DR, Kruger LE (eds) Place-Based Conservation: Perspectives from the Social Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 45–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Additive Manufacturing.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) The ‘Train Wreck’ Continues: Another Social Science Retraction. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2016) Commercial Space: FAA Should Examine How to Appropriately Regulate Space Support Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kulavuz-Onal D (2013) English Language Teachers’ Learning to Teach with Technology through Participation in an Online Community of Practice: A Netnography of Webheads in Action. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Schwartz J (2017) Combative, Conflicting and Confusing. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Additive Manufacturing
AbbreviationProg. Addit. Manuf.
ISSN (print)2363-9512
ISSN (online)2363-9520
Scope

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