How to format your references using the Frontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bauer, G. E. W. (2004). Applied physics. Mesmerizing semiconductors. Science 306, 1898–1899.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bossuyt, F., and Milinkovitch, M. C. (2001). Amphibians as indicators of early tertiary “out-of-India” dispersal of vertebrates. Science 292, 93–95.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Z., Wang, W., and Qiu, B. (2014). Oceanic mass transport by mesoscale eddies. Science 345, 322–324.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kamlapure, A., Das, T., Ganguli, S. C., Parmar, J. B., Bhattacharyya, S., and Raychaudhuri, P. (2013). Emergence of nanoscale inhomogeneity in the superconducting state of a homogeneously disordered conventional superconductor. Sci. Rep. 3, 2979.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Qiu, X., Ding, C., and Hu, D. (2013). Bistatic SAR Data Processing Algorithms. Solaris South Tower, Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Bonitz, M., Lopez, J., Becker, K., and Thomsen, H. eds. (2014). Complex Plasmas: Scientific Challenges and Technological Opportunities. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Antonucci, A. (2012). “An Interval-Valued Dissimilarity Measure for Belief Functions Based on Credal Semantics,” in Belief Functions: Theory and Applications: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Belief Functions, Compiègne, France 9-11 May 2012 Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing., eds. T. Denoeux and M.-H. Masson (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 37–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). Why Cheaters Don’t Prosper. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). Interstate Commerce Commission: Key Issues Need to Be Addressed in Determining Future of ICC’s Regulatory Functions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crumlish, S. B. (2014). Domingo Chileno: An Overture for Orchestra.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2010). Power Nap. New York Times, ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bauer, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bossuyt and Milinkovitch, 2001; Bauer, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bossuyt and Milinkovitch, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Kamlapure et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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