How to format your references using the Frontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Snow, A. (2003). Genetic engineering: unnatural selection. Nature 424, 619.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prejean, S. G., and Haney, M. M. (2014). Geophysics. Shaking up volcanoes. Science 345, 39.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hollingsworth, R. G., Armstrong, J. W., and Campbell, E. (2002). Caffeine as a repellent for slugs and snails. Nature 417, 915–916.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cassar, N., Bender, M. L., Barnett, B. A., Fan, S., Moxim, W. J., Levy, H., 2nd, et al. (2007). The Southern Ocean biological response to aeolian iron deposition. Science 317, 1067–1070.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kay, R. (2014). Statistical Thinking for Non-Statisticians in Drug Regulation. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Barlotti, A. ed. (2011). Matroid Theory and its Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schulz, F. R. (2016). “Word of Mouth Impulses Boost Wines of Germany: A Case Study,” in Successful Social Media and Ecommerce Strategies in the Wine Industry Institut für Management und Tourismus (IMT)., eds. G. Szolnoki, L. Thach, and D. Kolb (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US), 55–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016). Polar Bears:Climate Change Is A Bigger Threat Than Trophy Hunting. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012). Delayed-Baggage Trends and Options for Compensating Passengers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seidel, J. G. (2015). Adolescent female stress management curriculum.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2017). Now on Broadway, an Economics Lesson. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Snow, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Snow, 2003; Prejean and Haney, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prejean and Haney, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Cassar et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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