How to format your references using the Frontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mastrandrea, M. D. (2010). Obituary: Stephen Henry Schneider (1945-2010). Nature 466, 933.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ives, A. R., and Cardinale, B. J. (2004). Food-web interactions govern the resistance of communities after non-random extinctions. Nature 429, 174–177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mori, M. X., Erickson, M. G., and Yue, D. T. (2004). Functional stoichiometry and local enrichment of calmodulin interacting with Ca2+ channels. Science 304, 432–435.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Orieux, A., Boutari, J., Barbieri, M., Paternostro, M., and Mataloni, P. (2014). Experimental linear-optics simulation of multipartite non-locality in the ground state of a quantum Ising ring. Sci. Rep. 4, 7184.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lindl, T., and Steubing, R. (2013). Atlas of Living Cell Cultures. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Passeron, T., and Ortonne, J.-P. eds. (2016). Atlas of Pigmentary Disorders. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Vasa, L., and Skala, V. (2006). “A Spatio-temporal Metric for Dynamic Mesh Comparison,” in Articulated Motion and Deformable Objects: 4th International Conference, AMDO 2006, Port d’Andratx, Mallorca, Spain, July 11-14, 2006. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. F. J. Perales and R. B. Fisher (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). Sign Language Produces Color Visions In People With Synaesthesia. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). Space Station: Status of Efforts to Determine Commercial Potential. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barger, B. (2014). A Quantitative Study of Educational Poverty, School Location, and Student Achievement Measured by the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2015). A Tangle of Rulings for Pension Cuts. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mastrandrea, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ives and Cardinale, 2004; Mastrandrea, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ives and Cardinale, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Orieux et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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