How to format your references using the Frontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R. (2000). Los Alamos labs are safe from fire. Nature 405, 264.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moyle, L. C., and Nakazato, T. (2010). Hybrid incompatibility “snowballs” between Solanum species. Science 329, 1521–1523.
A journal article with 3 authors
Loewe, L., Textor, V., and Scherer, S. (2003). High deleterious genomic mutation rate in stationary phase of Escherichia coli. Science 302, 1558–1560.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Vinces, M. D., Legendre, M., Caldara, M., Hagihara, M., and Verstrepen, K. J. (2009). Unstable tandem repeats in promoters confer transcriptional evolvability. Science 324, 1213–1216.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morocco, C. C., Aguilar, C. M., Bershad, C., Kotula, A. W., and Hindin, A. (2008). Supported Literacy for Adolescents. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Zobel, C. W., Altay, N., and Haselkorn, M. P. eds. (2016). Advances in Managing Humanitarian Operations. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Tirri, K. (2012). “The Core of School Pedagogy,” in Miracle of Education: The Principles and Practices of Teaching and Learning in Finnish Schools, eds. H. Niemi, A. Toom, and A. Kallioniemi (Rotterdam: SensePublishers), 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Don’t Panic, But The Universe Is Slowly Dying. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000). State Department: Overseas Emergency Security Program Progressing, But Costs Are Increasing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fonteix, K. A. (2013). Separate, But Not Equal: A Qualitative Case Study Comparing Traditional And Homebound Instruction Using Technology.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017). ‘Cats’ Revival to Close At the End of 2017. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton, 2000; Moyle and Nakazato, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moyle and Nakazato, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Vinces et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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