How to format your references using the Frontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wickware, P. (2000). Next-generation biologists must straddle computation and biology. Nature 404, 683–684.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moffatt, H. K., and Shimomura, Y. (2002). Classical dynamics: spinning eggs--a paradox resolved. Nature 416, 385–386.
A journal article with 3 authors
Locher, K. P., Lee, A. T., and Rees, D. C. (2002). The E. coli BtuCD structure: a framework for ABC transporter architecture and mechanism. Science 296, 1091–1098.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dubrovinsky, L., Annersten, H., Dubrovinskaia, N., Westman, F., Harryson, H., Fabrichnaya, O., et al. (2001). Chemical interaction of Fe and Al(2)O3 as a source of heterogeneity at the Earth’s core-mantle boundary. Nature 412, 527–529.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Poltorak, A. I., and Lerner, P. J. (2011). Essentials of Intellectual Property. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Butler, M. G., Lee, P. D. K., and Whitman, B. Y. eds. (2006). Management of Prader-Willi Syndrome. Third Edition. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Angelini, P., Frati, F., Patrignani, M., and Roselli, V. (2013). “Morphing Planar Graph Drawings Efficiently,” in Graph Drawing: 21st International Symposium, GD 2013, Bordeaux, France, September 23-25, 2013, Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. S. Wismath and A. Wolff (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Could A Smartphone App Help Stop The Next Polio Outbreak In Pakistan? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012). Maritime Security: Progress and Challenges 10 Years after the Maritime Transportation Security Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, M. (2014). A graphic design curriculum development project.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017). Where Charlotte and Jane Meet. New York Times, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wickware, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Wickware, 2000; Moffatt and Shimomura, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moffatt and Shimomura, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Dubrovinsky et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Affective Disorders and Psychosomatic Research
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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