How to format your references using the The Social Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Social Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coste, B. (2012). Eppendorf finalist. The cellular feeling of pressure. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6103), 59.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tholl, D., & Gershenzon, J. (2015). BIOCHEMISTRY. The flowering of a new scent pathway in rose. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6243), 28–29.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gonzales, E. B., Kawate, T., & Gouaux, E. (2009). Pore architecture and ion sites in acid-sensing ion channels and P2X receptors. Nature, 460(7255), 599–604.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Arz, H. W., Lamy, F., Pätzold, J., Muller, P. J., & Prins, M. (2003). Mediterranean moisture source for an early-Holocene humid period in the northern Red Sea. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5616), 118–121.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dacey, J. S., Mack, M. D., & Fiore, L. B. (2016). Your Anxious Child. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bojanczyk, M., Lasota, S., & Potapov, I. (Eds.). (2015). Reachability Problems: 9th International Workshop, RP 2015, Warsaw, Poland, September 21-23, 2015, Proceedings (Vol. 9328). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rudenstine, S., & Galea, S. (2012). Vulnerabilities and Capacities: Venezuela Floods and Mudslides – December 14–16, 1999. In S. Galea (Ed.), The Causes and Behavioral Consequences of Disasters: Models informed by the global experience 1950-2005 (pp. 29–38). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Social Science Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, October 22). Orphan planets. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Telecommunications: Greater Involvement Needed by FCC in the Management and Oversight of the E-Rate Program (GAO-05-151). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ouyang, A. (2006). Embryonic Stem Cell Culture in Fibrous Bed Bioreactor [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1999, January 17). F.Y.I. New York Times, 142.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coste, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Coste, 2012; Tholl & Gershenzon, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tholl & Gershenzon, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Gonzales et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Arz et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Social Science Journal
AbbreviationSoc. Sci. J.
ISSN (print)0362-3319
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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