How to format your references using the The Social Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Social Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roebroeks, W. (2014). Archaeology: Art on the move. Nature, 514(7521), 170–171.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grasset, E. K., & Cerutti, A. (2014). Immunology. Retroviral help for B cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6216), 1454–1455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berger, A. H., Knudson, A. G., & Pandolfi, P. P. (2011). A continuum model for tumour suppression. Nature, 476(7359), 163–169.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Matzel, J. E. P., Ishii, H. A., Joswiak, D., Hutcheon, I. D., Bradley, J. P., Brownlee, D., Weber, P. K., Teslich, N., Matrajt, G., McKeegan, K. D., & MacPherson, G. J. (2010). Constraints on the formation age of cometary material from the NASA Stardust mission. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5977), 483–486.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pérez Fontán, F., & Mariño Espiñeira, P. (2008). Modeling the Wireless Propagation Channel. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Shaw, G. A., Prorok, B. C., & Starman, L. A. (Eds.). (2013). MEMS and Nanotechnology, Volume 6: Proceedings of the 2012 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hernandez-Leal, P., Sucar, L. E., Gonzalez, J. A., Morales, E. F., & Ibarguengoytia, P. H. (2011). Learning Temporal Bayesian Networks for Power Plant Diagnosis. In K. G. Mehrotra, C. K. Mohan, J. C. Oh, P. K. Varshney, & M. Ali (Eds.), Modern Approaches in Applied Intelligence: 24th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2011, Syracuse, NY, USA, June 28 – July 1, 2011, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 39–48). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Social Science Journal.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, November 11). Here’s How Much Radiation You’re Exposed To Every Single Day. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Telecommunications: Many Broadcasters Will Not Meet May 2002 Digital Television Deadline (GAO-02-466). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilkerson, K. (2010). A comprehensive educational program for male and female teen parents: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2003, May 18). Some Koreans Give Their Teachers the Whole Apple Tree .. New York Times, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roebroeks, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Grasset & Cerutti, 2014; Roebroeks, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grasset & Cerutti, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Berger et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Matzel et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Social Science Journal
AbbreviationSoc. Sci. J.
ISSN (print)0362-3319
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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