How to format your references using the The Social Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Social Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cullen, B. R. (2007). Immunology. Outwitted by viral RNAs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5836), 329–330.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yelenik, S. G., & D’Antonio, C. M. (2013). Self-reinforcing impacts of plant invasions change over time. Nature, 503(7477), 517–520.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fedorov, A. V., Brierley, C. M., & Emanuel, K. (2010). Tropical cyclones and permanent El Niño in the early Pliocene epoch. Nature, 463(7284), 1066–1070.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Guogas, L. M., Filman, D. J., Hogle, J. M., & Gehrke, L. (2004). Cofolding organizes alfalfa mosaic virus RNA and coat protein for replication. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5704), 2108–2111.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hersent, O., Petit, J.-P., & Gurle, D. (2005). Beyond VoIP Protocols. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Casadio, C., Coecke, B., Moortgat, M., & Scott, P. (Eds.). (2014). Categories and Types in Logic, Language, and Physics: Essays Dedicated to Jim Lambek on the Occasion of His 90th Birthday (Vol. 8222). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Coelho da Silva, T. L., Neto, A. C. A., Magalhães, R. P., de Farias, V. A. E., de Macêdo, J. A. F., & Machado, J. C. (2015). Towards an Efficient and Distributed DBSCAN Algorithm Using MapReduce. In J. Cordeiro, S. Hammoudi, L. Maciaszek, O. Camp, & J. Filipe (Eds.), Enterprise Information Systems: 16th International Conference, ICEIS 2014, Lisbon, Portugal, April 27-30, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 75–90). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Social Science Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, September 20). Most Eucalypts Are Ill-Suited To A Warming World, But Unusual Discovery Could Hold Solution. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Telecommunications: Information on Low Power Television, FCC’s Spectrum Incentive Auction, and Unlicensed Spectrum Use (GAO-17-135). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Louviere, E. C. (2017). Bonds Behind Bars: The Impact of Program Participation on Interpersonal Inmate Connections in Louisiana State Penitentiary [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2008, August 17). No ‘Yucks’ Allowed. New York Times, NJ8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cullen, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Cullen, 2007; Yelenik & D’Antonio, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yelenik & D’Antonio, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Fedorov et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Guogas et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Social Science Journal
AbbreviationSoc. Sci. J.
ISSN (print)0362-3319
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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