How to format your references using the The Social Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Social Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Matzke, N. J. (2016). The evolution of antievolution policies after Kitzmiller versus Dover. Science (New York, N.Y.), 351(6268), 28–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dong, R.-Y., & Cao, B.-Y. (2014). Anomalous orientations of a rigid carbon nanotube in a sheared fluid. Scientific Reports, 4, 6120.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, J., Zhu, J., & Ye, H. (2004). Comment on “Tubular graphite cones.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5659), 766; author reply 766.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Murayama, M., Howe, J. M., Hidaka, H., & Takaki, S. (2002). Atomic-level observation of disclination dipoles in mechanically milled, nanocrystalline Fe. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5564), 2433–2435.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
He, Z. (2016). Wavelet Analysis and Transient Signal Processing Applications for Power Systems. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Canbay, E. (2015). Peritoneal Surface Malignancies: A Curative Approach (Y. Yonemura, Ed.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Pacelli, V. (2016). The Case Study of Lehman Brothers. In S. Dell’Atti & A. Trotta (Eds.), Managing Reputation in The Banking Industry: Theory and Practice (pp. 101–119). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Social Science Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, January 10). Scientists To Hunt For Planets In Our Nearest Star System With Funding For New Instrument. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Department of Education Grant Award (HRD-93-8R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Christiansen, D. A. (2012). Investigation of magnetic proximity effect in ferromagnet/superconductor thin films by low temperature Magneto Optical Kerr Effect measurement [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2006, April 23). One Pilgrim and His Very Personal Hymnal. New York Times, 14LI10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Matzke, 2016).
This sentence cites two references (Dong & Cao, 2014; Matzke, 2016).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dong & Cao, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Luo et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Murayama et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Social Science Journal
AbbreviationSoc. Sci. J.
ISSN (print)0362-3319
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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