How to format your references using the The Social Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Social Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harrison, S. C. (2010). Virology. Looking inside adenovirus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5995), 1026–1027.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shidara, M., & Richmond, B. J. (2002). Anterior cingulate: single neuronal signals related to degree of reward expectancy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5573), 1709–1711.
A journal article with 3 authors
Antonioni, A., Sanchez, A., & Tomassini, M. (2014). Global information and mobility support coordination among humans. Scientific Reports, 4, 6458.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wartewig, T., Kurgyis, Z., Keppler, S., Pechloff, K., Hameister, E., Öllinger, R., Maresch, R., Buch, T., Steiger, K., Winter, C., Rad, R., & Ruland, J. (2017). PD-1 is a haploinsufficient suppressor of T cell lymphomagenesis. Nature, 552(7683), 121–125.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seabridge, A., & Morgan, S. (2010). Air Travel and Health. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Schubert, H., & Kuznetsov, A. (Eds.). (2008). Detection of Liquid Explosives and Flammable Agents in Connection with Terrorism. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Mehrmohammadi, M. (2008). Arts Education in Iran. In L. Joubert (Ed.), Educating in the Arts: The Asian Experience: Twenty-Four Essays (pp. 55–64). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Social Science Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, July 16). Teenager Develops Test That Can Diagnose Alzheimer’s Before Symptoms. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Aviation Security: Progress Made, but Challenges Persist in Meeting the Screening Mandate for Air Cargo (GAO-11-413T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Charpentier, D. T. (2017). Why Dey Talk Like Dat?: A Study of the Status of Cajun English as a Dialect or an Accent [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2012, November 23). Drawn From History and Imagination. New York Times, C33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harrison, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Harrison, 2010; Shidara & Richmond, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shidara & Richmond, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Antonioni et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wartewig et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Social Science Journal
AbbreviationSoc. Sci. J.
ISSN (print)0362-3319
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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