How to format your references using the The Social Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Social Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Liu, J. (2015). Disease outbreak: Finish the fight against Ebola. Nature, 524(7563), 27–29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laurance, W. F., & Luizão, R. C. C. (2007). Driving a wedge into the Amazon. Nature, 448(7152), 409–410.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoehler, T. M., Bebout, B. M., & Des Marais, D. J. (2001). The role of microbial mats in the production of reduced gases on the early Earth. Nature, 412(6844), 324–327.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yao, Y., Lu, W. L., Xu, B., Li, C. B., Lin, C. P., Waxman, D., & Feng, J. F. (2013). The increase of the functional entropy of the human brain with age. Scientific Reports, 3, 2853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voldman, S. H. (2006). ESD. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bui, A. A. T., & Taira, R. K. (Eds.). (2010). Medical Imaging Informatics. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, S.-K., Han, J.-M., & Song, M.-Y. (2010). A Social Network System Based on an Ontology in the Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine. In J. G. Breslin, T. N. Burg, H.-G. Kim, T. Raftery, & J.-H. Schmidt (Eds.), Recent Trends and Developments in Social Software: International Conferences on Social Software, BlogTalk 2008, Cork, Ireland, March 3-4, 2008, and BlogTalk 2009, Jeju Island, South Korea, September 15-16, 2009. Revised Selected Papers (pp. 46–51). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Social Science Journal.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2017, January 13). These Super Slow-Mo Videos Show A Viper Strike In All Its Glory. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Airline Deregulation: Reregulating the Airline Industry Would Likely Reverse Consumer Benefits and Not Save Airline Pensions (No. GAO-06-630). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grass, D. S. (2008). Assessing the impacts of air pollution and extreme weather on human health in the urban environment (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rubin, A. J., Kingsley, P., & Karasz, P. (2017, August 18). Attack in Spain Fits Larger Plot. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Liu, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Laurance & Luizão, 2007; Liu, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Laurance & Luizão, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Hoehler, Bebout, & Des Marais, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yao et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Social Science Journal
AbbreviationSoc. Sci. J.
ISSN (print)0362-3319
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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