How to format your references using the Processing and Application of Ceramics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Processing and Application of Ceramics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V. Gewin, “Academy proposes tighter crop monitoring,” Nature 415, [6875] (2002) 948.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Sherwood and Q. Fu, “Climate change. A drier future?,” Science 343, [6172] (2014) 737.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Sharma, A. Angelucci and M. Sur, “Induction of visual orientation modules in auditory cortex,” Nature 404, [6780] (2000) 841.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
M. Wang, K.-H. Leung, S. Lin, D. S.-H. Chan, D. W. J. Kwong, C.-H. Leung and D.-L. Ma, “A colorimetric chemosensor for Cu2+ ion detection based on an iridium(III) complex,” Sci. Rep. 4, (2014) 6794.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. J. Hunt and J. E. Kennedy, Financial Derivatives in Theory and Practice: Hunt/Financial Derivatives, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, (2005).
An edited book
E. Métais, F. Meziane, M. Saraee, V. Sugumaran and S. Vadera, Eds., Natural Language Processing and Information Systems: 18th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems, NLDB 2013, Salford, UK, June 19-21, 2013. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, (2013).
A chapter in an edited book
S. H. Razavi, E. O. M. Ebadati, S. Asadi and H. Kaur, “An Efficient Grouping Genetic Algorithm for Data Clustering and Big Data Analysis,” in Computational Intelligence for Big Data Analysis: Frontier Advances and Applications, D. P. Acharjya, S. Dehuri, and S. Sanyal, Eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Processing and Application of Ceramics.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Russian Man Will Become Subject Of First Human Head Transplant Ever Performed,” IFLScience, IFLScience, (2015) (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “IRS’ ADP Budget: Issues That Could Affect Funding of Personnel System Project,” IMTEC-88-45, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, (1988).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. G. Lamanna, “Colombian Spanish in North Carolina: The role of language and dialect contact in the formation of a new variety of U.S. Spanish,” Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “Court Looks at Legal Role for Mentally Ill,” in New York Times, (2008).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProcessing and Application of Ceramics
ISSN (print)1820-6131
ISSN (online)2406-1034

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