How to format your references using the Proceedings of the Zoological Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the Zoological Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Campbell, Moray. 2007. Staying power. Nature 446: 468.
A journal article with 2 authors
Micchelli, Craig A., and Norbert Perrimon. 2006. Evidence that stem cells reside in the adult Drosophila midgut epithelium. Nature 439: 475–479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fried, Shelley I., Thomas A. Münch, and Frank S. Werblin. 2002. Mechanisms and circuitry underlying directional selectivity in the retina. Nature 420: 411–414.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Huber, Claudia, Wolfgang Eisenreich, Stefan Hecht, and Gunter Wächtershäuser. 2003. A possible primordial peptide cycle. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301: 938–940.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pease, Gene. 2015. Optimize Your Greatest Asset-Your People. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Garay, Juan A., and Roberto De Prisco, ed. 2010. Security and Cryptography for Networks: 7th International Conference, SCN 2010, Amalfi, Italy, September 13-15, 2010. Proceedings. Vol. 6280. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Holovaty, Adrian, and Jacob Kaplan-Moss. 2008. Interacting with a Database: Models. In The Definitive Guide to Django: Web Development Done Right, ed. Jacob Kaplan-Moss, 59–82. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the Zoological Society.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. What Would Happen To The Climate If We Stopped Emitting Greenhouse Gases Today? IFLScience. IFLScience. December 19.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1974. Inquiry About the Research Grant To Develop a Portable Computer To Record Traffic Information for Verifying the Accuracy of Charges for Telecommunications Service. B-180444. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lord, Vanessa. 2015. Defining eating disorder recovery: A qualitative approach. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, Mary J. O. 2014. Friday File. New York Times, November 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Campbell 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Micchelli and Perrimon 2006; Campbell 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Micchelli and Perrimon 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Huber et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the Zoological Society
AbbreviationProc. Zool. Soc.
ISSN (print)0373-5893
ISSN (online)0974-6919

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