How to format your references using the Proceedings of the Zoological Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the Zoological Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kiefer, Thorsten. 2010. Ocean science. When still waters ran deep. Science (New York, N.Y.) 329: 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, Thomas, and Zhe-Xi Luo. 2005. PALEONTOLOGY: Homoplasy in the Mammalian Ear. Science (New York, N.Y.) 307: 861–862.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hartl, Tom A., Helen F. Smith, and Giovanni Bosco. 2008. Chromosome alignment and transvection are antagonized by condensin II. Science (New York, N.Y.) 322: 1384–1387.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kim, Sang Jeong, Yu Shin Kim, Joseph P. Yuan, Ronald S. Petralia, Paul F. Worley, and David J. Linden. 2003. Activation of the TRPC1 cation channel by metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR1. Nature 426: 285–291.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gray, Dr Robin J. M., and Dr M. Ziad Al-Ani. 2011. Temporomandibular Disorders. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Agarwal, Ravi P. 2014. Regularity of Difference Equations on Banach Spaces. Edited by Claudio Cuevas and Carlos Lizama. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gruner, Stefan, Apurva Kumar, and Tom Maibaum. 2016. Towards a Body of Knowledge in Formal Methods for the Railway Domain: Identification of Settled Knowledge. In Formal Techniques for Safety-Critical Systems: 4th International Workshop, FTSCS 2015, Paris, France, November 6-7, 2015. Revised Selected Papers, ed. Cyrille Artho and Peter Csaba Ölveczky, 87–102. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the Zoological Society.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Commonly Used Pesticide Has Detrimental Consequences On Bumblebee Foraging. IFLScience. IFLScience. July 10.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Treasury Electronic Signature Concept. AIMD-94-167R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wurster, Karl W. 2010. Management matter? Effects of charcoal production management on woodland regeneration in Senegal. Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly. 2007. In a Word, Fabulous. New York Times, July 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kiefer 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Martin and Luo 2005; Kiefer 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and Luo 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the Zoological Society
AbbreviationProc. Zool. Soc.
ISSN (print)0373-5893
ISSN (online)0974-6919

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