How to format your references using the Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Potenza, M. 2015. Perspective: Behavioural addictions matter. Nature, 522, S62.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hwang, K.C. & Sagadevan, A. 2014. One-pot room-temperature conversion of cyclohexane to adipic acid by ozone and UV light. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346, 1495–1498.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fischle, W., Wang, Y. & Allis, C.D. 2003. Binary switches and modification cassettes in histone biology and beyond. Nature, 425, 475–479.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bycroft, C., Freeman, C., et al. 2018. The UK Biobank resource with deep phenotyping and genomic data. Nature, 562, 203–209.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Devolder, P., Janssen, J. & Manca, R. 2012. Stochastic Methods for Pension Funds. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lovat, T. 2015. Reconciling Islam, Christianity and Judaism: Islam’s Special Role in Restoring Convivencia. Crotty, R. (ed.). Cham, Springer International Publishing, SpringerBriefs in Religious Studies.
A chapter in an edited book
Duc Le, A. & Thi Thu Vu, L. 2013. Climate Change’s Impact on Natural Hazards in Quang Nam Province, Mid-Central Vietnam. In: Bruun, O. & Casse, T. (eds) On the Frontiers of Climate and Environmental Change: Vulnerabilities and Adaptations in Central Vietnam. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, Environmental Science and Engineering, 91–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Africa’s Rhinos Hog The Limelight While Their Asian Cousins Head For Extinction. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1973. Advanced Airborne Command Post Program. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, B-178570.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rus, E.L. 2017. A Grant Proposal for Program ‘Tech Connect’: Bridging the Generations through Technology Coaching. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. 2017. New App Will Offer Liner Notes for the Digital Era. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Potenza 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hwang & Sagadevan 2014; Potenza 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hwang & Sagadevan 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bycroft et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society
AbbreviationProc. Yorks. Geol. Soc.
ISSN (print)0044-0604
ISSN (online)2041-4811

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