How to format your references using the Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norenzayan, A. 2011. Behavior. Explaining human behavioral diversity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332, 1041–1042.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fry, D.P. and Söderberg, P. 2013. Lethal aggression in mobile forager bands and implications for the origins of war. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341, 270–273.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duckworth, R.A., Belloni, V. and Anderson, S.R. 2015. Evolutionary ecology. Cycles of species replacement emerge from locally induced maternal effects on offspring behavior in a passerine bird. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347, 875–877.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nagamatsu, J., Nakagawa, N., Muranaka, T., Zenitani, Y. and Akimitsu, J. 2001. Superconductivity at 39 K in magnesium diboride. Nature, 410, 63–64.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padova, T. and Murdock, K.L. 2010. Adobe® Creative Suite® 5 Bible.
An edited book
Barkatsas, T. and Bertram, A. (eds). 2016. Global Learning in the 21st Century. Global Education in the 21st Century Series.
A chapter in an edited book
Buendía-García, F. and Benlloch-Dualde, J.V. 2012. Concept Maps and Patterns for Designing Learning Scenarios Based on Digital-Ink Technologies. In: Vittorini, P., Gennari, R., Marenzi, I., Prieta, F. de la and Rodríguez, J. M. C. (eds) International Workshop on Evidence-Based Technology Enhanced Learning. Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing, 27–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016. Baby Elephant Is Rescued From A Drain In Sri Lanka. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. The Air Force Continued To Develop the Advanced Logistics System, a Program It Was Directed To Cancel. LCD-78-108.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rey, D. 2017. Chaos, Observability and Symplectic Structure in Optimal Estimation. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. 2016. Taking Twisted Turns. New York Times, SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Norenzayan 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Norenzayan 2011; Fry and Söderberg 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fry and Söderberg 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Nagamatsu et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society
AbbreviationProc. Yorks. Geol. Soc.
ISSN (print)0044-0604
ISSN (online)2041-4811

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