How to format your references using the Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bystricky, M. 2003. Geophysics. Mantle flow revisited. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301, 1190–1191.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones, J.D.G. and Dangl, J.L. 2006. The plant immune system. Nature, 444, 323–329.
A journal article with 3 authors
Castelnovo, C., Moessner, R. and Sondhi, S.L. 2008. Magnetic monopoles in spin ice. Nature, 451, 42–45.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Endres, N.F., Yoshioka, C., Milligan, R.A. and Vale, R.D. 2006. A lever-arm rotation drives motility of the minus-end-directed kinesin Ncd. Nature, 439, 875–878.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schrör, K. 2016. Acetylsalicylic Acid.
An edited book
Singh, R.B. and Hietala, R. (eds). 2014. Livelihood Security in Northwestern Himalaya: Case Studies from Changing Socio-Economic Environments in Himachal Pradesh, India. Advances in Geographical and Environmental Sciences.
A chapter in an edited book
Vogler, R. 2013. Transnational Inquiries and the Protection of Human Rights in the Case-Law of the European Court of Human Rights. In: Ruggeri, S. (ed.) Transnational Inquiries and the Protection of Fundamental Rights in Criminal Proceedings: A Study in Memory of Vittorio Grevi and Giovanni Tranchina. 27–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2014. Ant-Nest Beetles Reveal Evolution In Action. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Propane and Heating Oil: Federal Oversight of the Propane Education and Research Council and National Oilheat Research Alliance Should Be Strengthened. GAO-10-583.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mosher, L. 2008. The Relationship between Christian Literature and Executive Leader Performance. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. 2017. A Call to Action After Swastikas Are Carved Into a Church Door. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bystricky 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bystricky 2003; Jones and Dangl 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jones and Dangl 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Endres et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society
AbbreviationProc. Yorks. Geol. Soc.
ISSN (print)0044-0604
ISSN (online)2041-4811

Other styles