How to format your references using the Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pollock, T.M. 2010. Materials science. Weight loss with magnesium alloys. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328, 986–987.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ellis, G. and Silk, J. 2014. Scientific method: Defend the integrity of physics. Nature, 516, 321–323.
A journal article with 3 authors
Urban, F.E., Cole, J.E. and Overpeck, J.T. 2000. Influence of mean climate change on climate variability from a 155-year tropical Pacific coral record. Nature, 407, 989–993.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zack, S.P., Penkrot, T.A., Bloch, J.I. and Rose, K.D. 2005. Affinities of ‘hyopsodontids’ to elephant shrews and a Holarctic origin of Afrotheria. Nature, 434, 497–501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Port, M. 2008. Beyond Booked Solid.
An edited book
Silhavy, R., Senkerik, R., Oplatkova, Z.K., Silhavy, P. and Prokopova, Z. (eds). 2016. Artificial Intelligence Perspectives in Intelligent Systems: Proceedings of the 5th Computer Science On-Line Conference 2016 (CSOC2016), Vol 1. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing.
A chapter in an edited book
Schein, M., Sajja, S. and Elben, H.U. 2007. Diagnostica per immagini per lo studio dell’addome. In: Schein, M. and Rogers, P. N. (eds) Chirurgia Addominale d’urgenza: Il Buon Senso Di Schein: Guida Pratica per Sopravvivere Nella Trincea Delle Urgenze Chirurgiche. 33–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Bacteria Could Be Used To Prevent HIV Infections. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. School Facilities: Construction Expenditures Have Grown Significantly in Recent Years. HEHS-00-41.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morales, C.J. 2010. Can Early-Life Activity Behavior Predict Adult Compliance with an Exercise Program in Later Life? Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. 2007. Oyster Bay Villages Create 2 Emergency Centers. New York Times, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pollock 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Pollock 2010; Ellis and Silk 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ellis and Silk 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zack et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society
AbbreviationProc. Yorks. Geol. Soc.
ISSN (print)0044-0604
ISSN (online)2041-4811

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