How to format your references using the Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Le Quéré, C. 2009. Journal club. An oceanographer marvels at the good timing of shrimp. Nature, 461, 1031.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tonkin, L.A. and Bass, B.L. 2003. Mutations in RNAi rescue aberrant chemotaxis of ADAR mutants. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302, 1725.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhandary, S., Eriksson, O. and Sanyal, B. 2013. Defect controlled magnetism in FeP/graphene/Ni(111). Scientific reports, 3, 3405.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hou, J., Cao, C., Ma, X., Idrees, F., Xu, B., Hao, X. and Lin, W. 2014. From rice bran to high energy density supercapacitors: a new route to control porous structure of 3D carbon. Scientific reports, 4, 7260.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barkham, R. 2012. Real Estate and Globalisation.
An edited book
Sun, X., Liu, A., Chao, H.-C. and Bertino, E. (eds). 2016. Cloud Computing and Security: Second International Conference, ICCCS 2016, Nanjing, China, July 29-31, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Part I. Lecture Notes in Computer Science.
A chapter in an edited book
He, Y. and Su, Y. 2014. Silicon-Based Nanoagents for Cancer Therapy. In: Su, Y. (ed.) Silicon Nano-Biotechnology. SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science, 75–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society.

Blog post
Evans, K. 2016. 26 Time-Management Tricks I Wish I’d Known At 20. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Telecommunications: Competitive Impact of Restructuring the International Satellite Organizations. RCED-96-204.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mott, C.R. 2010. Sun Compass Orientation in Juvenile Green Sea Turtles. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jacoby, S. 2016. Sick and Tired of ‘God Bless America’. New York Times, SR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Le Quéré 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Tonkin and Bass 2003; Le Quéré 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tonkin and Bass 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Hou et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society
AbbreviationProc. Yorks. Geol. Soc.
ISSN (print)0044-0604
ISSN (online)2041-4811

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