How to format your references using the Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bignami, G. 2009. Why we need space travel. Nature, 460, 325.
A journal article with 2 authors
McGuinness, L.P. and Jelezko, F. 2015. Quantum mechanics. Look but don’t touch the metals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347, 1073–1074.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yozwiak, N.L., Schaffner, S.F. and Sabeti, P.C. 2015. Data sharing: Make outbreak research open access. Nature, 518, 477–479.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cohen, I., Navarro, V., Clemenceau, S., Baulac, M. and Miles, R. 2002. On the origin of interictal activity in human temporal lobe epilepsy in vitro. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298, 1418–1421.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weston, P. 2006. Bioinformatics Software Engineering.
An edited book
Cavallucci, D., Guio, R. de and Cascini, G. (eds). 2011. Building Innovation Pipelines through Computer-Aided Innovation: 4th IFIP WG 5.4 Working Conference, CAI 2011, Strasbourg, France, June 30 – July 1, 2011. Proceedings. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology.
A chapter in an edited book
Holzer, G. 2008. Orthopedic Surgery. In: Grampp, S. (ed.) Radiology of Osteoporosis. Medical Radiology, 69–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2015. Newly Discovered Ant Virus May Help Control Global Invader. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Spectrum Management: Federal Government’s Use of Spectrum and Preliminary Information on Spectrum Sharing. GAO-12-1018T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kang, E.Y. 2010. Late Twentieth-Century Piano Concert Etudes: A Style Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. 1993. IN SHORT: NONFICTION. New York Times, 732.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bignami 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bignami 2009; McGuinness and Jelezko 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McGuinness and Jelezko 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Cohen et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society
AbbreviationProc. Yorks. Geol. Soc.
ISSN (print)0044-0604
ISSN (online)2041-4811

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