How to format your references using the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C (2001) Meeting hints at thaw in relations between genome rivals. Nature 411:726
A journal article with 2 authors
Belden WJ, Barlowe C (2001) Role of Erv29p in collecting soluble secretory proteins into ER-derived transport vesicles. Science 294:1528–1531
A journal article with 3 authors
Polat EO, Balcı O, Kocabas C (2014) Graphene based flexible electrochromic devices. Sci Rep 4:6484
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yokoyama Y, Esat TM, Thompson WG, et al (2018) Rapid glaciation and a two-step sea level plunge into the Last Glacial Maximum. Nature 559:603–607

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birla R (2014) Introduction to Tissue Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lichtfouse E (2010) Organic Farming, Pest Control and Remediation of Soil Pollutants: Organic farming, pest control and remediation of soil pollutants. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Lin CY-Y, Edvinsson L (2011) National Intellectual Capital of Five Nordic Countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden). In: Edvinsson L (ed) National Intellectual Capital: A Comparison of 40 Countries. Springer, New York, NY, pp 33–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Scientists Map The Amazon By Its Chemical Traits. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) ADP: USDA Farm Service Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cisewski J (2012) Generalized fiducial inference for mixed linear models. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) Like Shopbop, Only It’s in 3-D. New York Times E9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences
AbbreviationProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. India Sect. B Biol. Sci.
ISSN (print)0369-8211
ISSN (online)2250-1746
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Environmental Science

Other styles