How to format your references using the Copeia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Copeia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dillehay, T. D. 2002. Archaeology. Climate and human migrations. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298:764–765.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lubchenco, J., and N. Sutley. 2010. Science policy. Proposed U.S. policy for ocean, coast, and Great Lakes stewardship. Science (New York, N.Y.) 328:1485–1486.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kobayashi, S., N. Goto-Yamamoto, and H. Hirochika. 2004. Retrotransposon-induced mutations in grape skin color. Science (New York, N.Y.) 304:982.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Ruiz, R., H. Kang, F. A. Detcheverry, E. Dobisz, D. S. Kercher, T. R. Albrecht, J. J. de Pablo, and P. F. Nealey. 2008. Density multiplication and improved lithography by directed block copolymer assembly. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321:936–939.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King, J. A., and S. Timacheff. 2008. Digital Photography for Dummies®. In.: Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Li, P. (Editor). 2016. Great Changes and Social Governance in Contemporary China. In.: 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Raines, J. K., and J. I. Almeida. 2010. Pulse Volume Recording in the Diagnosis of Peripheral Vascular Disease. In: Noninvasive Peripheral Arterial Diagnosis. A. F. AbuRahma and J. J. Bergan (eds.). Springer, London, pp. 39–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Copeia.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2017. Bigfoot, The Kraken And Night Parrots: Searching For The Mythical Or Mysterious. IFLScience. [Online.] Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Potential for Cost Reduction in Providing Message Refile Services Through DOD Telecommunications Centers.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, M. 2015. Opprobrious Identities: The Enslaving Effect of Black Respectability on Queer Black Men.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2009. Down the Memory Hole. New York Times:A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dillehay, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Dillehay, 2002; Lubchenco and Sutley, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lubchenco and Sutley, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Ruiz et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleCopeia
ISSN (print)0045-8511
ISSN (online)1938-5110
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Aquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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