How to format your references using the EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baughman, R. H. (2005). Materials science. Playing nature’s game with artificial muscles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5718), 63–65.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boyd, R., & Mathew, S. (2007). Behavior. A narrow road to cooperation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5833), 1858–1859.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ferrand, Y., Crump, M. P., & Davis, A. P. (2007). A synthetic lectin analog for biomimetic disaccharide recognition. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5850), 619–622.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Grashoff, C., Hoffman, B. D., Brenner, M. D., Zhou, R., Parsons, M., Yang, M. T., … Schwartz, M. A. (2010). Measuring mechanical tension across vinculin reveals regulation of focal adhesion dynamics. Nature, 466(7303), 263–266.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Freeman, R. L. (2005). Fundamentals of Telecommunications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schwarzer, G. (2015). Meta-Analysis with R. (J. R. Carpenter & G. Rücker, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Tsai, J. W., & Moors, T. (2009). Opportunistic Multipath Routing in Wireless Mesh Networks. In N. Bartolini, S. Nikoletseas, P. Sinha, V. Cardellini, & A. Mahanti (Eds.), Quality of Service in Heterogeneous Networks: 6th International ICST Conference on Heterogeneous Networking for Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness, QShine 2009 and 3rd International Workshop on Advanced Architectures and Algorithms for Internet Delivery and Applications, AAA-IDEA 2009, Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, November 23-25, 2009 Proceedings (pp. 71–85). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 1). How Can Dark Matter Cause Chaos On Earth Every 30 Million Years? IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). VA Student Financial Aid: Actions Needed to Reduce Overlap in Approval Activities (No. GAO-07-775T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis, S. S. (2006). Identification of Stress-Responsive Genes in the Early Larval Stage of the Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2013, January 20). Texas Film: It’s Not Just About Slackers Anymore. New York Times, p. A27B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems
ISSN (online)1687-3963
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
Control and Systems Engineering

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