How to format your references using the EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gladysz, J. A. (2006). Chemistry. Fluorous to the core. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5791), 1249–1250.
A journal article with 2 authors
Long, Y., & Wang, J. (2014). Optically-controlled extinction ratio and Q-factor tunable silicon microring resonators based on optical forces. Scientific reports, 4, 5409.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berger, J., Swenson, J. E., & Persson, I. L. (2001). Recolonizing carnivores and naïve prey: conservation lessons from Pleistocene extinctions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5506), 1036–1039.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Borozdin, K. N., Hogan, G. E., Morris, C., Priedhorsky, W. C., Saunders, A., Schultz, L. J., & Teasdale, M. E. (2003). Surveillance: Radiographic imaging with cosmic-ray muons. Nature, 422(6929), 277.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barquinha, P., Martins, R., Pereira, L., & Fortunato, E. (2012). Transparent Oxide Electronics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zia Ul Haq, M. (2016). Anthocyanins and Human Health: Biomolecular and therapeutic aspects. (M. Riaz & B. Saad, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Choi, S., & Kim, I. C. (2013). Homogenization with oscillatory Neumann boundary data in general domain. In A. Chambolle, M. Novaga, & E. Valdinoci (Eds.), Geometric Partial Differential Equations proceedings (pp. 105–118). Pisa: Scuola Normale Superiore.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 15). Deadly Boomslang Snake Venom Makes You Bleed From All Of Your Orifices Until You Die. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). FAA’s Implementation of the Expanded East Coast Plan (No. T-RCED-88-39). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
PerLee-Lange, D. L. (2010). An introduction to the juvenile dependency court process and the child welfare system: A curriculum for parents (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, May 25). Zinzi Clemmons. New York Times, p. C18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems
ISSN (online)1687-3963
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
Control and Systems Engineering

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