How to format your references using the EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ladegaard Skov, A. (2015). Materials science: Like cartilage, but simpler. Nature, 517(7532), 25–26.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gillette, M. U., & Sejnowski, T. J. (2005). Physiology. Biological clocks coordinately keep life on time. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5738), 1196–1198.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ford, E. B., Seager, S., & Turner, E. L. (2001). Characterization of extrasolar terrestrial planets from diurnal photometric variability. Nature, 412(6850), 885–887.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, W., Su, J., Jiang, J., Li, X., Ye, Q., Zhou, H., … Li, Y. (2013). Two mixed-NH3/amine platinum (II) anticancer complexes featuring a dichloroacetate moiety in the leaving group. Scientific reports, 3, 2464.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Conklin, A. R., Jr. (2005). Introduction to Soil Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Miller, M. K., Blumenthal, J. A., & Chamberlain, J. (Eds.). (2015). Handbook of Community Sentiment. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dogaru, R., & Dogaru, I. (2013). Binary Synchronization of Complex Dynamics in Cellular Automata and its Applications in Compressed Sensing and Cryptography. In K. Kyamakya, W. A. Halang, W. Mathis, J. C. Chedjou, & Z. Li (Eds.), Selected Topics in Nonlinear Dynamics and Theoretical Electrical Engineering (pp. 81–95). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 3). Scientists Identify The Neurons That Influence Alcoholism. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Titan IV Launch Vehicle: Restructured Program Could Reduce Fiscal Year 1992 Funding Needs (No. NSIAD-91-271). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lingley-Papadopoulos, C. A. (2008). Image analysis of Optical Coherence Tomography images of the urinary bladder for the recognition of bladder cancer (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2000, August 17). Submarine’s Namesake City Hurts As Minute After Minute Ticks Away. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems
ISSN (online)1687-3963
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
Control and Systems Engineering

Other styles