How to format your references using the EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang, J. (2014). Developing excellence: Chinese university reform in three steps. Nature, 514(7522), 295–296.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reid, D. W., & Nicchitta, C. V. (2015). LOCAL TRANSLATION. Comment on “Principles of ER cotranslational translocation revealed by proximity-specific ribosome profiling.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6240), 1217.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wada, S., Oishi, M., & Yamada, T. K. (2003). A newly discovered species of living baleen whale. Nature, 426(6964), 278–281.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Krot, A. N., Meibom, A., Russell, S. S., Alexander, C. M., Jeffries, T. E., & Keil, K. (2001). A new astrophysical setting for chondrule formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5509), 1776–1779.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crowl, D. A. (2003). Understanding Explosions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Romanowicz, R. J., & Osuch, M. (Eds.). (2015). Stochastic Flood Forecasting System: The Middle River Vistula Case Study. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu, W., Zheng, C., & Sankoff, D. (2006). Paths and Cycles in Breakpoint Graphs of Random Multichromosomal Genomes. In G. Bourque & N. El-Mabrouk (Eds.), Comparative Genomics: RECOMB 2006 International Workshop, RCG 2006 Montreal, Canada, September 24-26, 2006 Proceedings (pp. 51–62). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016, May 3). Unlike Darwin’s Finches, Raptor Beaks Come In One Shape. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Expenditures of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for Public Relations Activities (No. B-161939). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laffitte, L. (2012). A Comparison of Pull-Out and Co-Teaching Models on the Reading Performance of Third through Fifth Grade Elementary Students with a Diagnosed Specific Learning Disability in Reading (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
David Goodman, J. (2015, March 12). Focus in Subway Shooting Is on Whether Deadly Force Was Justified. New York Times, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems
ISSN (online)1687-3963
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
Control and Systems Engineering

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