How to format your references using the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section A: Physical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section A: Physical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lundstrom M (2003) Applied physics. Moore’s law forever? Science 299:210–211
A journal article with 2 authors
Nelson EC, Braun PV (2007) Chemistry. Enhancing colloids through the surface. Science 318:924–925
A journal article with 3 authors
Nestle FO, Speidel H, Speidel MO (2002) Metallurgy: high nickel release from 1- and 2-euro coins. Nature 419:132
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Asher RJ, Meng J, Wible JR, et al (2005) Stem Lagomorpha and the antiquity of Glires. Science 307:1091–1094

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen CJ (2011) Physics of Solar Energy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Egeland A (2005) Kristian Birkeland: The First Space Scientist. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Murty MN, Panda M (2016) Current Status of Environmental and Economic Accounting: Review of Some Countries Experiences and Way Forward for India. In: Ghosh N, Mukhopadhyay P, Shah A, Panda M (eds) Nature, Economy and Society: Understanding the Linkages. Springer India, New Delhi, pp 51–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section A: Physical Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Five Years Of The Tories Creates Uncertainty For British Science. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Aviation Security: TSA Should Ensure Testing Data Are Complete and Fully Used to Improve Screener Training and Operations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Batson G (2008) Head Start and at -risk students: Perceptions of administrators, practitioners, and parents. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J (2017) Harlem Rezoning Proposal Would Create Memorial To African Burial Ground. New York Times A28

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section A: Physical Sciences
AbbreviationProc. Nat. Acad. Sci. India Sect. A
ISSN (print)0369-8203
ISSN (online)2250-1762
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

Other styles