How to format your references using the Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rosset, P.: Preventing hunger: change economic policy, Nature, 479(7374), 472–473, 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tan, S. and Lü, J.: Characterizing the effect of population heterogeneity on evolutionary dynamics on complex networks, Sci. Rep., 4, 5034, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anuar, T. S., Salleh, F. M. and Moktar, N.: Soil-transmitted helminth infections and associated risk factors in three Orang Asli tribes in Peninsular Malaysia, Sci. Rep., 4, 4101, 2014.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Sarrao, J. L., Morales, L. A., Thompson, J. D., Scott, B. L., Stewart, G. R., Wastin, F., Rebizant, J., Boulet, P., Colineau, E. and Lander, G. H.: Plutonium-based superconductivity with a transition temperature above 18 K, Nature, 420(6913), 297–299, 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allen, M.: Foundations of Forensic Document Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK., 2015.
An edited book
Amusia, M. Y.: Theory of Heavy-Fermion Compounds: Theory of Strongly Correlated Fermi-Systems, edited by K. G. Popov, V. R. Shaginyan, and V. A. Stephanovich, Springer International Publishing, Cham., 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Brubach, B.: Further Improvement in Approximating the Maximum Duo-Preservation String Mapping Problem, in Algorithms in Bioinformatics: 16th International Workshop, WABI 2016, Aarhus, Denmark, August 22-24, 2016. Proceedings, edited by M. Frith and C. N. Storm Pedersen, pp. 52–64, Springer International Publishing, Cham., 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Researchers May Have Created A H1N1 Flu Strain Capable Of Evading The Immune System, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: U.S. Objectives Generally Achieved at Broadcasting Satellite International Conference--Improvements Can Help in Future Conferences, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kilpatrick, R. F.: A World Less Paved, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA., 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tankersley, J.: Federal Debt Is Not Reduced By Gains in Market, New York Times, 12th October, B2, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rosset, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Rosset, 2011; Tan and Lü, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tan and Lü, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Sarrao et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences
ISSN (print)2199-8981
ISSN (online)2199-899X

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