How to format your references using the Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hannon, G. J.: RNA interference, Nature, 418(6894), 244–251, 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blagosklonny, M. V. and Pardee, A. B.: Conceptual biology: unearthing the gems, Nature, 416(6879), 373, 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hacker, J., Hentschel, U. and Dobrindt, U.: Prokaryotic chromosomes and disease, Science, 301(5634), 790–793, 2003.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Yamane, Y., Hemmatiyan, S., Ieda, J., Maekawa, S. and Sinova, J.: Spinmotive force due to motion of magnetic bubble arrays driven by magnetic field gradient, Sci. Rep., 4, 6901, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson, D. W. and Woodward, J. L.: Release, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2010.
An edited book
Karantininis, K.: Vertical Markets and Cooperative Hierarchies: The Role of Cooperatives in the Agri-Food Industry, edited by J. Nilsson, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht., 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Roussopoulos, N. and Utz, W.: Design Semantics on Accessibility in Unstructured Data Environments, in Domain-Specific Conceptual Modeling: Concepts, Methods and Tools, edited by D. Karagiannis, H. C. Mayr, and J. Mylopoulos, pp. 79–101, Springer International Publishing, Cham., 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Before-and-After Photos of Mars Reveal Largest Fresh Crater Ever, IFLScience, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: What Every Auditor Should Know About Computer Information Systems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Campbell, A. J.: History transformed: Sengoku Daimyo in Japanese popular media, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA., 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C.: Instant Fortunes, and Sudden Headaches, New York Times, 29th December, C1, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hannon, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Blagosklonny and Pardee, 2002; Hannon, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blagosklonny and Pardee, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamane et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences
ISSN (print)2199-8981
ISSN (online)2199-899X

Other styles