How to format your references using the Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Motani R. Scaling effects in caudal fin propulsion and the speed of ichthyosaurs. Nature 2002;415:309–312.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prüfer K, Meyer M. Anthropology. Comment on ‘Late Pleistocene human skeleton and mtDNA link Paleoamericans and modern Native Americans’. Science 2015;347:835.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huxter J, Burgess N, O’Keefe J. Independent rate and temporal coding in hippocampal pyramidal cells. Nature 2003;425:828–832.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Deng J, Pan T, Xu Q et al. Linked strategy for the production of fuels via formose reaction. Sci Rep 2013;3:1244.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fiske JR, Fiske CA. The Big Book of Benefit Auctions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009
An edited book
Lantos B. Nonlinear Control of Vehicles and Robots. London: Springer, 2011
A chapter in an edited book
Yamamoto K, Kamiya A, Ando J. Shear Stress Rapidly Alters the Physical Properties of Vascular Endothelial Cell Membranes by Decreasing Their Lipid Order and Increasing Their Fluidity. In: Roa Romero LM, ed. XIII Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2013: MEDICON 2013, 25-28 September 2013, Seville, Spain. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, 19–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica.

Blog post
Davis J. England To Offer Gay Men HPV Vaccine For First Time. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telling America’s Story to the World--Problems and Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson C. Psycho-socio-cultural risk factors for breech presentation. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. A Chilly Reception. New York Times. 2015;:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
AbbreviationActa Psychiatr. Scand.
ISSN (print)0001-690X
ISSN (online)1600-0447
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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