How to format your references using the Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Crutcher RM. Astronomy. Testing star formation theory. Science 2006;313:771–772.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Goette L, Meier S. Economics. Can integration tame conflicts? Science 2011;334:1356–1357.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gray RD, Drummond AJ, Greenhill SJ. Language phylogenies reveal expansion pulses and pauses in Pacific settlement. Science 2009;323:479–483.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kamat S, Su X, Ballarini R, Heuer AH. Structural basis for the fracture toughness of the shell of the conch Strombus gigas. Nature 2000;405:1036–1040.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Renaud B, Kim K-H, Cho M. Dynamics of Housing in East Asia. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016
An edited book
1.
Daniilidis K, Maragos P, Paragios N, eds. Computer Vision – ECCV 2010: 11th European Conference on Computer Vision, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, September 5-11, 2010, Proceedings, Part III. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Spetich MA, Perry RW, Harper CA, Clark SL. Fire in Eastern Hardwood Forests Through 14,000 Years. In: Greenberg C, Collins B, Thompson F III, eds. Sustaining Young Forest Communities: Ecology and Management of early successional habitats in the central hardwood region, USA. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2011, 41–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. New Battery Biodegrades Inside The Human Body. IFLScience. 2014.https://www.iflscience.com/technology/new-battery-biodegrades-inside-human-body/ (accessed 30 Oct2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Better Mechanisms Needed for Sharing Lessons Learned. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lim T. Information-Theoretic Aspects of Signal Analysis and Reconstruction. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. House Republicans Advance Plan to Rescue Puerto Rico. New York Times. 2016;:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
AbbreviationActa Psychiatr. Scand.
ISSN (print)0001-690X
ISSN (online)1600-0447
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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