How to format your references using the Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Cultivating black gold. Nature 2005;433:779.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cane MA, Evans M. CLIMATE VARIABILITY: Enhanced: Do the Tropics Rule? Science 2000;290:1107–1108.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amari T, Luciani J-F, Aly J-J. Small-scale dynamo magnetism as the driver for heating the solar atmosphere. Nature 2015;522:188–191.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim KS, Zhao Y, Jang H et al. Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes. Nature 2009;457:706–710.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pederson LD. Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015
An edited book
Jagaroo V, Santangelo SL, eds. Neurophenotypes: Advancing Psychiatry and Neuropsychology in the ‘OMICS’ Era. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2016
A chapter in an edited book
White PJ, Lomotan E. Evidence Based Health Care. In: Finnell JT, Dixon BE, eds. Clinical Informatics Study Guide: Text and Review. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, 101–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica.

Blog post
Hale T. Watch Flesh-Eating Beetles Strip A Body To The Bone. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. General Government Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herrera EC. Emancipating youth from foster care: A content analysis of existing literature. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF. Cupid With a Dark Side. New York Times. 2006;:14LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
AbbreviationActa Psychiatr. Scand.
ISSN (print)0001-690X
ISSN (online)1600-0447
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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