How to format your references using the Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation (JOTR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Powell K. Getting schooled. Nature 2005;435(7043):850–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rowe T., Frank LR. The disappearing third dimension. Science 2011;331(6018):712–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Izawa Y., Pun D., Stahl SS. Palladium-catalyzed aerobic dehydrogenation of substituted cyclohexanones to phenols. Science 2011;333(6039):209–13.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Barwick B., Park HS., Kwon O-H., et al. 4D imaging of transient structures and morphologies in ultrafast electron microscopy. Science 2008;322(5905):1227–31.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
van Bosse JG. Signaling in Telecommunication Networks. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2002.
An edited book
1.
Borja RI. Multiscale and Multiphysics Processes in Geomechanics: Resultsof the Workshop on Multiscale and Multiphysics Processes in Geomechanics, Stanford, June 23–25, 2010. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gorbachev DV. Multidimensional Extremal Logan’s and Bohman’s Problems. In: Ruzhansky M, and Tikhonov S, editors. Methods of Fourier Analysis and Approximation Theory. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 43–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Herschel detects that Ceres has large amounts of water. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/space/herschel-detects-ceres-has-large-amounts-water/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Financial Literacy: Overview of Federal Activities, Programs, and Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Survis FD. Residential lawn water use and lawn irrigation practices: Wellington, Florida. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Grynbaum MM. For de Blasio, So Many Jobs to Fill, So Little Time. New York Times 2013:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation
AbbreviationJ. Orthop. Trauma Rehabil.
ISSN (print)2210-4917
ISSN (online)2210-4925
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Rehabilitation
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles