How to format your references using the Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation (JOTR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Nilsson O. Plant science. A pathway to flowering--why staying cool matters. Science 2013;342(6158):566–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Saavedra S., Stouffer DB. “Disentangling nestedness” disentangled. Nature 2013;500(7463):E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
O’Connor S., Ono R., Clarkson C. Pelagic fishing at 42,000 years before the present and the maritime skills of modern humans. Science 2011;334(6059):1117–21.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Min B., Ostby E., Sorger V., et al. High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity. Nature 2009;457(7228):455–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Weiss A. Getting Started in Consulting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1.
Gelbukh A. Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing: 14th International Conference, CICLing 2013, Samos, Greece, March 24-30, 2013, Proceedings, Part II. vol. 7817. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Buhl S., McColl D. “METEORITE IN A CRATER.” In: McColl D, editor. Henbury Craters and Meteorites: Their Discovery, History and Study. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 42–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Scientists May Have Finally Detected A Dark Matter Signal. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/space/could-scientists-have-finally-detected-dark-matter-signal/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Contract Management: Few Competing Proposals for Large DOD Information Technology Orders. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Chan BK. Hyperboloid-Parameterized Description of Diffusive Superconducting-Magnetic Hybrid Systems. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kanter J. An Olio of E.U. Rules, Leading to Food Fights. New York Times 2017:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation
AbbreviationJ. Orthop. Trauma Rehabil.
ISSN (print)2210-4917
ISSN (online)2210-4925
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Rehabilitation
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles