How to format your references using the Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation (JOTR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Clary DC. Chemistry. Quantum chemistry of complex systems. Science 2006;314(5797):265–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hamilton DP., Krüger H. The sculpting of Jupiter’s gossamer rings by its shadow. Nature 2008;453(7191):72–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Langer P., Hogendoorn K., Keller L. Tug-of-war over reproduction in a social bee. Nature 2004;428(6985):844–7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Lou Y., Liu Y., Shi C., et al. Precise orbit determination of BeiDou constellation based on BETS and MGEX network. Sci Rep 2014;4:4692.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Labuszewski JW., Nyhoff JE., Co R., et al. The CME Group Risk Management Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Chanda S. Beginning ASP.NET 4.5 Databases. Third Edition. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Eichstädt T. Applying Auction Theory to Procurement Auctions – An Empirical Study Among German Corporations. In: Gimpel H, Jennings NR, Kersten GE et al., editors. Negotiation, Auctions, and Market Engineering: International Seminar, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, November 12-17, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 58–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Marine Plankton Found On Surface Of International Space Station. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/space/marine-plankton-found-surface-international-space-station/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Indian Affairs: Better Management and Accountability Needed to Improve Indian Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Stevenson J. Differences in physical activity behavior between insulin using diabetics versus non-insulin using diabetics. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Landler M., Gordon MR. President Cedes Afghan Strategy To the Pentagon. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation
AbbreviationJ. Orthop. Trauma Rehabil.
ISSN (print)2210-4917
ISSN (online)2210-4925
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Rehabilitation
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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