How to format your references using the Proceedings of the IEEE citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the IEEE. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Baker, “Functional genomics: The changes that count,” Nature, vol. 482, no. 7384, pp. 257, 259–62, Feb. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Dye and B. G. Williams, “The population dynamics and control of tuberculosis,” Science, vol. 328, no. 5980, pp. 856–861, May 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Boudvillain, A. de Lencastre, and A. M. Pyle, “A tertiary interaction that links active-site domains to the 5’ splice site of a group II intron,” Nature, vol. 406, no. 6793, pp. 315–318, Jul. 2000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y.-Y. Li et al., “CDKAL1 gene rs7756992 A/G polymorphism and type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis of 62,567 subjects,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 3131, Nov. 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F.-S. Lhabitant, Hedge Funds. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2004.
An edited book
N. Nedjah, L. de M. Mourelle, and E. Alba, Eds., Parallel Evolutionary Computations, vol. 22. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
X. Wang and D. Reeves, “Anonymity,” in Traceback and Anonymity, D. Reeves, Ed. New York, NY: Springer, 2015, pp. 49–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the IEEE.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Offshore Wind Farms Are Havens For Seals,” IFLScience, Jul. 21, 2014. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Preliminary Results of Work on FAA Facility Conditions and Workplace Safety,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-13-509R, May 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. D. Lofton, “Mid-Career Transitions: A Qualitative Study Examining the Developmental Relationships, Attitudes, Networks, and Strategies of Frontline Workers that Seek Career Development and Advancement,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Kelly, “A Woman’s Touch, Still a Rarity in Car Design,” New York Times, p. F7, Oct. 30, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the IEEE
AbbreviationProc. IEEE Inst. Electr. Electron. Eng.
ISSN (print)0018-9219
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles