How to format your references using the Proceedings of the IEEE citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the IEEE. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. J. Wales, “A microscopic basis for the global appearance of energy landscapes,” Science, vol. 293, no. 5537, pp. 2067–2070, Sep. 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. K. Gulev and M. Latif, “Ocean science: The origins of a climate oscillation,” Nature, vol. 521, no. 7553, pp. 428–430, May 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Chen, O. Zhuchenko, and A. Kuspa, “Immune-like phagocyte activity in the social amoeba,” Science, vol. 317, no. 5838, pp. 678–681, Aug. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. C. Gunn, W. S. Cutfield, P. L. Hofman, C. A. Jefferies, B. B. Albert, and A. J. Gunn, “Constitutional delay influences the auxological response to growth hormone treatment in children with short stature and growth hormone sufficiency,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6061, Aug. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. A. Nikrityuk, Computational Thermo-Fluid Dynamics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2011.
An edited book
K. Kansaku and L. G. Cohen, Eds., Systems Neuroscience and Rehabilitation. Tokyo: Springer Japan, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
V. Kumar, “Devaluation and Labor Market Dualism in Emerging Markets,” in Financial Deepening and Post-Crisis Development in Emerging Markets: Current Perils and Future Dawns, A. V. Gevorkyan and O. Canuto, Eds. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US, 2016, pp. 63–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the IEEE.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “What’s The Stickiest Object In The Solar System?,” IFLScience, 16-Oct-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Telecommunications: Agencies Are Generally Following Sound Transition Planning Practices, and GSA Is Taking Action to Resolve Challenges,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-08-759, Jun. 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Rutherford, “The education of Dr. Khalil Totah,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R. W. Kelly, “Quotation of the Day,” New York Times, p. A2, 29-Dec-2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [1].
This sentence cites four references [1], [1], [1], [1].

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the IEEE
AbbreviationProc. IEEE Inst. Electr. Electron. Eng.
ISSN (print)0018-9219
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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