How to format your references using the Journal of Materials Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hellemans A (2002) Getting into good company. Nature 416:5
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Yoo AS, Greenwald I (2005) LIN-12/Notch activation leads to microRNA-mediated down-regulation of Vav in C. elegans. Science 310:1330–1333
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Deana A, Celesnik H, Belasco JG (2008) The bacterial enzyme RppH triggers messenger RNA degradation by 5’ pyrophosphate removal. Nature 451:355–358
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Zicha D, Dobbie IM, Holt MR, et al (2003) Rapid actin transport during cell protrusion. Science 300:142–145

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Utas G (2006) Robust Communications Software. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Fenwick M, Wrbka S (2016) Legal Certainty in a Contemporary Context: Private and Criminal Law Perspectives. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Burger P, Bouquet A, Striem MJ (2009) Grape Breeding. In: Jain SM, Priyadarshan PM (eds) Breeding Plantation Tree Crops: Tropical Species. Springer, New York, NY, pp 161–189

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials Science.

Blog post
1.
Hale T (2016) Spider Carries A Mouse Up A Refrigerator Like It’s No Big Deal. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1988) Immigration Service: INS’ Technology Selection Process Is Weak, Informal, and Inconsistently Applied. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Chung Y-K (2010) A comparison of particle swarm optimization algorithms in data clustering. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Lee L (2009) Low-Upkeep Gardens, but Not Dirt Cheap. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials Science
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Sci.
ISSN (print)0022-2461
ISSN (online)1573-4803
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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