How to format your references using the Journal of Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, N., 2013. Resources: Mine, all mine! Nature 495, S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu, P., Werb, Z., 2008. Patterning mechanisms of branched organs. Science 322, 1506–1509.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moon-van der Staay, S.Y., De Wachter, R., Vaulot, D., 2001. Oceanic 18S rDNA sequences from picoplankton reveal unsuspected eukaryotic diversity. Nature 409, 607–610.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Masuno, A., Moriyoshi, C., Mizoguchi, T., Okajima, T., Kuroiwa, Y., Arai, Y., Yu, J., Inoue, H., Watanabe, Y., 2013. Stabilization of metastable ferroelectric Ba₁-xCaxTi₂O₅ by breaking Ca-site selectivity via crystallization from glass. Sci. Rep. 3, 3010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holzman, G., CVT VTS De, Raffel, T., CVT VTS Su, 2015. Surgical Patient Care for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kassinos, S.C., Langer, C.A., Iaccarino, G., Moin, P. (Eds.), 2007. Complex Effects in Large Eddy Simulations, Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Singh Saharan, G., Mehta, N., Meena, P.D., 2016. Infection Process, Pathogenesis and Disease Cycle, in: Mehta, N., Meena, P.D. (Eds.), Alternaria Diseases of Crucifers: Biology, Ecology and Disease Management. Springer, Singapore, pp. 87–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Neuronal Dendrites Can Process Information Solo [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1969. Administration and Control of Procurement and Utilization of Automatic Data Processing (No. 089444). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Migues, K.P., 2017. A Qualitative Exploration of Retention of Experienced Teachers: Why Do They Stay? (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2015. Friday File. New York Times C31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Lu and Werb, 2008; Savage, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lu and Werb, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Masuno et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0168-1656
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

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