How to format your references using the Journal of Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q., 2004. Spain aims at premier league. Nature 431, 488–489.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stixrude, L., Peacor, D.R., 2002. First-principles study of illite-smectite and implications for clay mineral systems. Nature 420, 165–168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fuda, N.J., Ardehali, M.B., Lis, J.T., 2009. Defining mechanisms that regulate RNA polymerase II transcription in vivo. Nature 461, 186–192.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Riller, U., Poelchau, M.H., Rae, A.S.P., Schulte, F.M., Collins, G.S., Melosh, H.J., Grieve, R.A.F., Morgan, J.V., Gulick, S.P.S., Lofi, J., Diaw, A., McCall, N., Kring, D.A., IODP–IC DP Expedition 364 Science Party, 2018. Author Correction: Rock fluidization during peak-ring formation of large impact structures. Nature.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chandra, S., 2016. Energy, Entropy and Engines. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Frøland, H.O., Ingulstad, M., Scherner, J. (Eds.), 2016. Industrial Collaboration in Nazi-Occupied Europe: Norway in Context, Palgrave Studies in Economic History. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhowmik, M.K., Kennedy, K.J., 2016. ‘Out of School’ Ethnic Minority Young People: Multiple Data Sources, Their Meaning, and Extent of the ‘Out of School’ Phenomenon, in: Kennedy, K.J. (Ed.), ‘Out of School’ Ethnic Minority Young People in Hong Kong, Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects. Springer, Singapore, pp. 79–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biotechnology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Swine Flu Doesn’t Just Pass From Pigs To People – It Goes Both Ways [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Maritime Security: DHS Could Benefit from Tracking Progress in Implementing the Small Vessel Security Strategy (No. GAO-14-32). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gillan-Sanderson, N.A., 2012. A Study of the Effect of Additional Reading Assistance on Student Achievement (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K., Thomas, L., Jr, 2017. Blackstone Group Joins Forces With Saudis on U.S. Infrastructure Investments. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Schiermeier, 2004; Stixrude and Peacor, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stixrude and Peacor, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Riller et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0168-1656
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

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