How to format your references using the Journal of Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowerman, B., 2008. Cell signaling. Wnt moves beyond the canon. Science 320, 327–328.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dorfman, K.E., Mukamel, S., 2014. Indistinguishability and correlations of photons generated by quantum emitters undergoing spectral diffusion. Sci. Rep. 4, 3996.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kühl, G., Briggs, D.E.G., Rust, J., 2009. A great-appendage arthropod with a radial mouth from the Lower Devonian Hunsruck Slate, Germany. Science 323, 771–773.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dai, Z.R., Bradley, J.P., Joswiak, D.J., Brownlee, D.E., Hill, H.G.M., Genge, M.J., 2002. Possible in situ formation of meteoritic nanodiamonds in the early Solar System. Nature 418, 157–159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sinzinger, S., Jahns, J., 2005. Microoptics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Shin, J.C., Postiglione, G.A., Huang, F. (Eds.), 2015. Mass Higher Education Development in East Asia: Strategy, Quality, and Challenges, Knowledge Studies in Higher Education. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Volanen, M.V., 2012. Transition and Constitution in School/Work Relations, in: Tynjälä, P., Stenström, M.-L., Saarnivaara, M. (Eds.), Transitions and Transformations in Learning and Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 67–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biotechnology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Incredibly Rare Double Eclipse Of The Sun By Earth And The Moon Snapped By Spacecraft [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Army’s Contracting Out of Laundry and Educational Testing Services at Fort Carson, Colorado (No. PLRD-82-66). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haug, J.J., 2010. A summer literacy intervention for struggling readers at the middle school level using strategies in comprehension, fluency, vocabulary, and positive school climate to improve reading comprehension: An evaluation study (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gant, K., 2011. Quotation of the Day. New York Times A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowerman, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bowerman, 2008; Dorfman and Mukamel, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dorfman and Mukamel, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Dai et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0168-1656
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

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