How to format your references using the Journal of Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ottino, J.M., 2004. Engineering complex systems. Nature 427, 399.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coffin, J.M., Stoye, J.P., 2009. Virology. A new virus for old diseases? Science 326, 530–531.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ivany, L.C., Patterson, W.P., Lohmann, K.C., 2000. Cooler winters as a possible cause of mass extinctions at the Eocene/Oligocene boundary. Nature 407, 887–890.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rusakov, D.A., Scimemi, A., Walker, M.C., Kullmann, D.M., 2004. Comment on “Role of NMDA receptor subtypes in governing the direction of hippocampal synaptic plasticity.” Science 305, 1912; author reply.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Merritt, C., 2015. Process Steam Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pardo, T.A.S., Branco, A., Klautau, A., Vieira, R., Lima, V.L.S. de (Eds.), 2010. Computational Processing of the Portuguese Language: 9th International Conference, PROPOR 2010, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, April 27-30, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Huang, Y., Ratovitski, E.A., 2012. Midkine/P63 Axis in Regulation of Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition, in: Ergüven, M., Muramatsu, T., Bilir, A. (Eds.), Midkine: From Embryogenesis to Pathogenesis and Therapy. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Life Onboard the ISS May Be Revolutionized By 3D Printing [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Management Guidelines for Cost Accounting and Cost Control for ADP Systems Design and Development Activities (No. 094325). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fleming, T.C., 2015. The Academic Identity Experience of Liberal Arts Faculty in the Age of New Managerialism (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alcindor, Y., 2016. Trump Rallies White Crowd in Wisconsin for the Police. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ottino, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Coffin and Stoye, 2009; Ottino, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Coffin and Stoye, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Rusakov et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0168-1656
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

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