How to format your references using the Journal of Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarmiento, E.E., 2010. Comment on the paleobiology and classification of Ardipithecus ramidus. Science 328, 1105; author reply 1105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berndt, A., Deisseroth, K., 2015. OPTOGENETICS. Expanding the optogenetics toolkit. Science 349, 590–591.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arnaud-Haond, S., Arrieta, J.M., Duarte, C.M., 2011. Global genetic resources. Marine biodiversity and gene patents. Science 331, 1521–1522.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, C., Xu, J., Chui, P.C., Wong, K.K.Y., 2013. Parametric spectro-temporal analyzer (PASTA) for real-time optical spectrum observation. Sci. Rep. 3, 2064.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Denny, H.R., Butterworth, S.J., 2008. A Guide to Canine and Feline Orthopaedic Surgery. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Wohlleben, W., Spellig, T., Müller-Tiemann, B. (Eds.), 2005. Biocombinatorial Approaches for Drug Finding, Ernst Schering Research Foundation Workshop. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Murata, A., 2015. Stuck in Between, in: Horiguchi, S., Imoto, Y., Poole, G.S. (Eds.), Foreign Language Education in Japan: Exploring Qualitative Approaches. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. As El Niño Bites, It’s Time To Take Stock Of Our Water [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Update on Federal Matching and Maintenance of Effort Requirements for California (No. GGD-80-63). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dorrance, A.M., 2008. The Role of the Partial Tandem Duplication of MLL (MLL PTD) in Leukemogenesis (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Kershaw Could Be Out as Long as Six Weeks. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarmiento, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Berndt and Deisseroth, 2015; Sarmiento, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berndt and Deisseroth, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0168-1656
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

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