How to format your references using the Journal of Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2002. Building cooperation New York. Nature 419, 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fowler, J.H., Schreiber, D., 2008. Biology, politics, and the emerging science of human nature. Science 322, 912–914.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hacker, J., Hentschel, U., Dobrindt, U., 2003. Prokaryotic chromosomes and disease. Science 301, 790–793.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ash, C., Jasny, B.R., Roberts, L., Stone, R., Sugden, A.M., 2008. Reimagining cities. Introduction. Science 319, 739.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Louis, J.-P., 2011. Control of Synchronous Motors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zhan, J., Han, R., Zicari, R.V. (Eds.), 2016. Big Data Benchmarks, Performance Optimization, and Emerging Hardware: 6th Workshop, BPOE 2015, Kohala, HI, USA, August 31 - September 4, 2015. Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Irisarri, C., 2015. Malunion/Nonunion of the Digits, in: Trail, I.A., Fleming, A.N.M. (Eds.), Disorders of the Hand: Volume 2: Hand Reconstruction and Nerve Compression. Springer, London, pp. 97–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biotechnology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Newly Refined “Liquid Biopsies” Could Detect Cancer From Simple Blood Tests [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. NASA Procurement: Contract Management Oversight (No. NSIAD-97-114R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Potter, R.H., 2017. Marx Generator Charged via Biperiodic Resonant Cascaded Transformers (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2008. Supreme Court Restricts the Taxation of Income of Companies Based Out of State. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Fowler and Schreiber, 2008; Smaglik, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fowler and Schreiber, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Ash et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0168-1656
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

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