How to format your references using the Proceedings - Mathematical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings - Mathematical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zuber, M.T.: Planetary science. Learning to think like Martians. Science. 302, 1694–1695 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Davis, M.B., Shaw, R.G.: Range shifts and adaptive responses to Quaternary climate change. Science. 292, 673–679 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Dreger, D.S., Ford, S.R., Walter, W.R.: Source analysis of the Crandall Canyon, Utah, mine collapse. Science. 321, 217 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Forget, F., Haberle, R.M., Montmessin, F., Levrard, B., Head, J.W.: Formation of glaciers on Mars by atmospheric precipitation at high obliquity. Science. 311, 368–371 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferrant, J.-L., Gilson, M., Jobert, S., Mayer, M., Montini, L., Ouellette, M., Rodrigues, S., Ruffini, S.: Synchronous Ethernet and IEEE 1588 in Telecoms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA (2013)
An edited book
Seeling, P.: Video Traces for Network Performance Evaluation: A Comprehensive Overview and Guide on Video Traces and Their Utilization in Networking Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Buchan, S.: Through Music to Postgraduate Study. In: Ryan, M. (ed.) Reflections on Learning, Life and Work: Completing Doctoral Studies in Mid and Later Life and Career. pp. 53–65. SensePublishers, Rotterdam (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings - Mathematical Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: What Are Allergies And Why Are We Getting More Of Them?


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Security: DHS Has Made Progress in Securing the Commercial Aviation System, but Key Challenges Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2007)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, A.P.: Reentry of Substance Abusing Female Ex-Offenders from Prison to an Urban Community, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M.: I.O.C. Reinstates India, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings - Mathematical Sciences
ISSN (print)0253-4142
ISSN (online)0973-7685

Other styles