How to format your references using the Language Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Language Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight, R. T. (2007). Neuroscience. Neural networks debunk phrenology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5831), 1578–1579.
A journal article with 2 authors
Crisp, R. J., & Meleady, R. (2012). Adapting to a multicultural future. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6083), 853–855.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rozitis, B., MacLennan, E., & Emery, J. P. (2014). Cohesive forces prevent the rotational breakup of rubble-pile asteroid (29075) 1950 DA. Nature, 512(7513), 174–176.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wallace, R. J., Rooke, J. A., Duthie, C.-A., Hyslop, J. J., Ross, D. W., McKain, N., et al. (2014). Archaeal abundance in post-mortem ruminal digesta may help predict methane emissions from beef cattle. Scientific reports, 4, 5892.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reed, S. M., & Hrci. (2017). The HRCI Official Body of Knowledge. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Baresi, L., Fraternali, P., & Houben, G.-J. (Eds.). (2007). Web Engineering: 7th International Conference, ICWE 2007 Como, Italy, July 16-20, 2007 Proceedings (Vol. 4607). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Läsche, C., Böde, E., & Peikenkamp, T. (2012). A Method for Guided Hazard Identification and Risk Mitigation for Offshore Operations ,. In F. Ortmeier & P. Daniel (Eds.), Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security: 31st International Conference, SAFECOMP 2012, Magdeburg, Germany, September 25-28, 2012. Proceedings (pp. 37–48). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Language Policy.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, November 10). Pluto’s Surface Might Be Resting On An Ammonia-Water Slurry. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Federal Communications Commission: International Settlement Rates (No. OGC-97-63). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corbin-Staton, A. P. (2009). Contexts of parental involvement: An interpretive synthesis of qualitative literature using the meta-interpretation method (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M. (2017, May 12). The Best Cities for Millennials. New York Times, p. RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knight 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Crisp and Meleady 2012; Knight 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Crisp and Meleady 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Wallace et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleLanguage Policy
AbbreviationLang. Policy
ISSN (print)1568-4555
ISSN (online)1573-1863
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language
Sociology and Political Science

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