How to format your references using the Language Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Language Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koenig, R. (2000). IRANIAN SCIENCE: Iran’s Scientists Cautiously Reach Out to the World. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5496), 1484–1487.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yao, T., & Cohen, R. E. (2002). A cryptic protease couples deubiquitination and degradation by the proteasome. Nature, 419(6905), 403–407.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rosu, S., Libuda, D. E., & Villeneuve, A. M. (2011). Robust crossover assurance and regulated interhomolog access maintain meiotic crossover number. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6060), 1286–1289.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, H., Du, F., Chen, G., Streckenbach, F., Yasmeen, A., Zhao, Y., & Tang, Z. (2014). Template-directed chemical ligation to obtain 3’-3’ and 5’-5’ phosphodiester DNA linkages. Scientific reports, 4, 4595.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Panek, W., & Wentworth, T. (2010). Mastering Microsoft® Windows® 7 Administration. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Kearns, A. E., & Wermers, R. A. (Eds.). (2016). Hyperparathyroidism: A Clinical Casebook (1st ed. 2016.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Tejchman, J., & Bobiński, J. (2013). Continuous and Discontinuous Modelling of Fracture in Plain Concrete under Monotonic Loading. In J. Bobiński (Ed.), Continuous and Discontinuous Modelling of Fracture in Concrete Using FEM (pp. 109–162). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Language Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, March 15). The Understandable Fear Of Nuclear Weapons Doesn’t Match Reality. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Electronic Government Act: Agencies Have Implemented Most Provisions, but Key Areas of Attention Remain (No. GAO-12-782). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lowe, C. (2009). A correlational study of the relationship between Learner Autonomy and academic performance (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. (2017, October 8). Still Pushing Boundaries, Relentlessly. New York Times, p. C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koenig 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Koenig 2000; Yao and Cohen 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yao and Cohen 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleLanguage Policy
AbbreviationLang. Policy
ISSN (print)1568-4555
ISSN (online)1573-1863
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language
Sociology and Political Science

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