How to format your references using the Language Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Language Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Racaniello, V. (2011). Virology. An exit strategy for measles virus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6063), 1650–1651.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paul, S. M., & Beitel, G. J. (2003). Developmental biology. Tubulogenesis CLICs into place. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5653), 2077–2078.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maisel, S. B., Höfler, M., & Müller, S. (2012). A canonical stability-elasticity relationship verified for one million face-centred-cubic structures. Nature, 491(7426), 740–743.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Avila, J., Razado, I., Lorcy, S., Fleurier, R., Pichonat, E., Vignaud, D., et al. (2013). Exploring electronic structure of one-atom thick polycrystalline graphene films: a nano angle resolved photoemission study. Scientific reports, 3, 2439.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crichton, R. R., & Ward, R. J. (2006). Metal-based Neurodegeneration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hartmann, S., & Ma, H. (Eds.). (2016). Database and Expert Systems Applications: 27th International Conference, DEXA 2016, Porto, Portugal, September 5-8, 2016, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 9828). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Maz’ya, V. G., & Soloviev, A. A. (2010). Integral Equations of Plane Elasticity in Domains with Peak. In A. A. Soloviev & T. Shaposhnikova (Eds.), Boundary Integral Equations on Contours with Peaks (pp. 273–334). Basel: Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Language Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 21). NASA Funds Program To Turn Poop Into Food. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Information Technology: Assessment of the Department of Commerce’s Report on Workforce Demand and Supply (No. HEHS-98-106). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harvey, T. (2014). The Box (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, April 29). Coffee, Two Eggs Over Easy And a Sketch of a Landmark. New York Times, p. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Racaniello 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Paul and Beitel 2003; Racaniello 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Paul and Beitel 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Avila et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleLanguage Policy
AbbreviationLang. Policy
ISSN (print)1568-4555
ISSN (online)1573-1863
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language
Sociology and Political Science

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