How to format your references using the Language Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Language Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx, V. (2014). Proteomics: An atlas of expression. Nature, 509(7502), 645–649.
A journal article with 2 authors
Flatt, T., & Promislow, D. E. L. (2007). Physiology. Still pondering an age-old question. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5854), 1255–1256.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fenn, K. M., Nusbaum, H. C., & Margoliash, D. (2003). Consolidation during sleep of perceptual learning of spoken language. Nature, 425(6958), 614–616.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, H., Zhu, X., Li, H., Cui, J., Liu, C., Chen, X., & Zhang, W. (2014). Induction of caspase-3-like activity in rice following release of cytochrome-f from the chloroplast and subsequent interaction with the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Scientific reports, 4, 5989.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Häberlin, H. (2012). Photovoltaics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Principe, L. M. (Ed.). (2007). New Narratives in Eighteenth-Century Chemistry: Contributions from the First Francis Bacon Workshop, 21–23 April 2005, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California (Vol. 18). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kezunovic, M., Ren, J., & Lotfifard, S. (2016). Modeling of Digital Relay and Power System Signals. In J. Ren & S. Lotfifard (Eds.), Design, Modeling and Evaluation of Protective Relays for Power Systems (pp. 77–169). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Language Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 3). 2014, A Bad Year For Homoeopathy. IFLScience. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/2014-bad-year-homoeopathy/. Accessed 30 October 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Denial of Protest Involving Solicitation’s Evaluation Standard (No. B-181165). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Becker, M. (2017). Women’s Descriptions Six Months Post Notification of Positive BRCA 1/2 Genetic Mutations (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2016, April 15). When the Loch Ness Monster Was in The Times. New York Times, p. C28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marx 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Flatt and Promislow 2007; Marx 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Flatt and Promislow 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleLanguage Policy
AbbreviationLang. Policy
ISSN (print)1568-4555
ISSN (online)1573-1863
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language
Sociology and Political Science

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