How to format your references using the Language Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Language Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chong, Y. (2013). Optical devices: photonic insulators with a twist. Nature, 496(7444), 173–174.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lounis, B., & Moerner, W. E. (2000). Single photons on demand from a single molecule at room temperature. Nature, 407(6803), 491–493.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zarrinpar, A., Park, S.-H., & Lim, W. A. (2003). Optimization of specificity in a cellular protein interaction network by negative selection. Nature, 426(6967), 676–680.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mukhtasimova, N., Lee, W. Y., Wang, H.-L., & Sine, S. M. (2009). Detection and trapping of intermediate states priming nicotinic receptor channel opening. Nature, 459(7245), 451–454.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taha, A.-E. M., Hassanein, H. S., & Ali, N. A. (2011). LTE, LTE-Advanced and WiMAX. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Satapathy, S. C., Udgata, S. K., & Biswal, B. N. (Eds.). (2014). Proceedings of the International Conference on Frontiers of Intelligent Computing: Theory and Applications (FICTA) 2013 (Vol. 247). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rehm, G., & Uszkoreit, H. (2012). O META-NET-e. In G. Rehm & H. Uszkoreit (Eds.), The Slovak Language in the Digital Age (pp. 37–37). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Language Policy.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, August 22). New Battery Promises More Power In Half The Size. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1968). Why Is GAO Necessary and What Does It Hope To Accomplish? (No. 094489). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ward, D. (2014). Teaching with the End in Mind: A Teacher’s Life History as a Legacy of Educational Leaders (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2016, July 31). Classic Words, Fresh Looks. New York Times, p. BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chong 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Chong 2013; Lounis and Moerner 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lounis and Moerner 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Mukhtasimova et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleLanguage Policy
AbbreviationLang. Policy
ISSN (print)1568-4555
ISSN (online)1573-1863
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language
Sociology and Political Science

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