How to format your references using the Language Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Language Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trenberth, K. E. (2015). CLIMATE CHANGE. Has there been a hiatus? Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6249), 691–692.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ogata, H., & Claverie, J.-M. (2008). Microbiology. How to infect a Mimivirus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5894), 1305–1306.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wigginton, N., Yeston, J., & Malakoff, D. (2012). Working with waste. More treasure than trash. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6095), 662–663.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Halder, G. J., Kepert, C. J., Moubaraki, B., Murray, K. S., & Cashion, J. D. (2002). Guest-dependent spin crossover in a nanoporous molecular framework material. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5599), 1762–1765.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lebowitz, E. R., & Omer, H. (2013). Treating Childhood and Adolescent Anxiety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Deb, S. (Ed.). (2016). Child Safety, Welfare and Well-being: Issues and Challenges. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Blum, A. (2007). A Theory of Similarity Functions for Learning and Clustering. In V. Corruble, M. Takeda, & E. Suzuki (Eds.), Discovery Science: 10th International Conference, DS 2007 Sendai, Japan, October 1-4, 2007. Proceedings (pp. 39–39). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Language Policy.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, November 5). A Solar Storm Reportedly Made Airplanes Disappear From Radars. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Improving Social Security Administration Procedures for Acquiring ADP and Telecommunications Resources (No. 112942). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Iniguez, A. (2013). The Latino immigrant families and involvement with child welfare system: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2014, December 8). Hermitage Museum Anniversary Plans. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trenberth 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ogata and Claverie 2008; Trenberth 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ogata and Claverie 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Halder et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleLanguage Policy
AbbreviationLang. Policy
ISSN (print)1568-4555
ISSN (online)1573-1863
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language
Sociology and Political Science

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