How to format your references using the Journal of Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Slonczewski J. Tuberculosis bacteria join UN. Nature 2000;405:1001.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bannerman DM, Sprengel R. Neuroscience. Remembering the subtle differences. Science 2007;317:50-1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Batista FD, Iber D, Neuberger MS. B cells acquire antigen from target cells after synapse formation. Nature 2001;411:489-94.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Prins LJ, De Jong F, Timmerman P, Reinhoudt DN. An enantiomerically pure hydrogen-bonded assembly. Nature 2000;408:181-4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Maidl B, Herrenknecht M, Maidl U, Wehrmeyer G. Maschineller Tunnelbau im Schildvortrieb. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Selvaggi S, Vollono E, Sicignano G, editors. e-Learning: Nuovi strumenti per insegnare, apprendere, comunicare online. Milano: Springer; 2007. VIII, 115 pagg p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Tsou JY. Reconsidering the Carnap-Kuhn Connection. In: Devlin WJ, Bokulich A, editors. Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions - 50 Years On Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 51-69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rheumatology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. New Species of Frog Discovered [Internet]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-species-frog-discovered/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. GAO and Federal Government ADP Procurement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Nov. Report No.: 100060.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Jurica ML. Napping in the workplace as an invisible stigma: The moderating roles of raters’ nap habit, work ethic, and organizational policy [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. A Rowdy Club Closes, and the Sleepless Rest Easy. New York Times 2002;146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rheumatology
AbbreviationJ. Rheumatol.
ISSN (print)0315-162X
ISSN (online)1499-2752
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy
Rheumatology

Other styles