How to format your references using the Journal of Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Leonhardt U. A laboratory analogue of the event horizon using slow light in an atomic medium. Nature 2002;415:406-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Eom Y-H, Jo H-H. Generalized friendship paradox in complex networks: the case of scientific collaboration. Sci Rep 2014;4:4603.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hessa T, White SH, von Heijne G. Membrane insertion of a potassium-channel voltage sensor. Science 2005;307:1427.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ogle JM, Brodersen DE, Clemons WM Jr, Tarry MJ, Carter AP, Ramakrishnan V. Recognition of cognate transfer RNA by the 30S ribosomal subunit. Science 2001;292:897-902.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bauer E, Adams R, Eustace D. Beyond Redundancy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Wüthrich MV. Financial Modeling, Actuarial Valuation and Solvency in Insurance. Merz M, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. XIV, 432 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wagter R, Proper HA, Witte D. A Practice-Based Framework for Enterprise Coherence. In: Proper E, Gaaloul K, Harmsen F, Wrycza S, editors. Practice-Driven Research on Enterprise Transformation: 4th Working Conference, PRET 2012, Gdańsk, Poland, June 27, 2012 Proceedings Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 77-95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rheumatology.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Ganymede’s Ice and Oceans Stacked Like a Layer Cake [Internet]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/ganymedes-ice-and-oceans-stacked-layer-cake/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. School-Meals Programs: Additional Verification Could Help USDA Ensure Legitimate Access. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 May. Report No.: GAO-15-594T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Steers AV. Releasing from the inside out: The development of the role of Helene in “Festen” [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L. With a Push, Schools Win On Budgets. New York Times 2006;LI1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rheumatology
AbbreviationJ. Rheumatol.
ISSN (print)0315-162X
ISSN (online)1499-2752
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy
Rheumatology

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