How to format your references using the Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
T. Rousselle, Recruiters and industry. Dual competencies, Nature. 430 (2004) 488.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
R. Jenkins, A.M. Burton, 100% accuracy in automatic face recognition, Science. 319 (2008) 435.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
L. Cai, N. Friedman, X.S. Xie, Stochastic protein expression in individual cells at the single molecule level, Nature. 440 (2006) 358–362.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Z. Zhang, P. Ahn, B. Dong, O. Balogun, C. Sun, Quantitative imaging of rapidly decaying evanescent fields using plasmonic near-field scanning optical microscopy, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2803.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
D. Rios Insua, F. Ruggeri, M.P. Wiper, Bayesian Analysis of Stochastic Process Models: Ruggeri/Bayesian Analysis of Stochastic Process Models, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
[1]
L. Li, Group Search Optimization for Applications in Structural Design, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
A. Imbellone, B. Botte, C.M. Medaglia, Intouch: Mobile Game-Based Learning for Non Routine Skills, in: A. De Gloria (Ed.), Games and Learning Alliance: Third International Conference, GALA 2014, Bucharest, Romania, July 2-4, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 44–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics.

Blog post
[1]
J. Davis, Researchers Plan On Resurrecting The Extinct Great Auk, IFLScience. (2016). https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/researchers-plan-on-resurrecting-the-extinct-great-auk/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Intelligent Transportation Systems: Survey of Transit Providers Serving Small Urban and Rural Areas (GAO-16-639SP, June 21, 2016), an E-supplement to GAO-16-638, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
W. Young, Diamagnetism of a supersonic rotating magnetized plasma, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
M. Cooper, Juilliard Announces New Leader, New York Times. (2017) C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProbabilistic Engineering Mechanics
AbbreviationProbabilistic Eng. Mech.
ISSN (print)0266-8920
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Aerospace Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Ocean Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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