How to format your references using the Prion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Prion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Butler D. The fertility riddle. Nature 2004; 432:38–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Chang EF, Merzenich MM. Environmental noise retards auditory cortical development. Science 2003; 300:498–502.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bhavsar AP, Guttman JA, Finlay BB. Manipulation of host-cell pathways by bacterial pathogens. Nature 2007; 449:827–34.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Knickelbein JE, Khanna KM, Yee MB, Baty CJ, Kinchington PR, Hendricks RL. Noncytotoxic lytic granule-mediated CD8+ T cell inhibition of HSV-1 reactivation from neuronal latency. Science 2008; 322:268–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
O’Connor D. God, Evil, and Design. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.; 2009.
An edited book
1.
Bhansali A. Clinical Rounds in Endocrinology: Volume II - Pediatric Endocrinology. New Delhi: Springer India; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ćirković Veličković T, Gavrović-Jankulović M. Food Allergens Digestibility. In: Gavrović-Jankulović M, editor. Food Allergens: Biochemistry and Molecular Nutrition. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. page 95–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Prion.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Two Lions Were Shot Dead After A Naked Man Tried To Feed Himself To Them [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/two-lions-were-shot-dead-after-naked-man-tried-feed-himself-them/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Guaranteed Student Loans: Lenders’ Interest Billings Often Result in Overpayments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hensley AL. Gender, personality, and coping: Unraveling gender in military post -deployment physical and mental wellness. 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Move For Life Terms For Terrorists. New York Times2004; :A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePrion
AbbreviationPrion
ISSN (print)1993-6896
ISSN (online)1933-690X
ScopeBiochemistry
Cell Biology
Infectious Diseases
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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