How to format your references using the Periodicum Biologorum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Periodicum Biologorum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
EMERY B 2010 Regulation of oligodendrocyte differentiation and myelination. Science 330(6005): 779–782
A journal article with 2 authors
KIRCH P V and SHARP W D 2005 Coral 230Th dating of the imposition of a ritual control hierarchy in precontact Hawaii. Science 307(5706): 102–104
A journal article with 3 authors
DUIJN P A C, KASHIRIN V, and SLOOT P M A 2014 The relative ineffectiveness of criminal network disruption. Sci Rep 4: 4238
A journal article with 4 or more authors
MOREAU J W, WEBER P K, MARTIN M C, GILBERT B, HUTCHEON I D, and BANFIELD J F 2007 Extracellular proteins limit the dispersal of biogenic nanoparticles. Science 316(5831): 1600–1603

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
GLADON R J, GRAVES W R, and KELLY J M 2011 Getting Published in the Life Sciences, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
VOYIADJIS G Z 2008 Elasto-Plastic and Damage Analysis of Plates and Shells, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
MOUSLEY A, NOVOZHILOVA E, KIMBER M J, DAY T A, and MAULE A G 2010 Neuropeptide Physiology in Helminths, In: Geary T G and Maule A G (eds) Neuropeptide Systems as Targets for Parasite and Pest Control, Springer US, Boston, MA, p 78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Periodicum Biologorum.

Blog post
ANDREW E Researcher who Faked HIV Vaccine Trial Data gets 4 Year Jail Sentence, WEB:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE 1988 Educating People at Risk for AIDS, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’CONNELL M (2010), Escaping intersections

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
PENDLETON I (1934), ART AND TASTE IN THE SMALL GARDEN; The Show Is a Busy Short-Course Garden School

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePeriodicum Biologorum
AbbreviationPeriod. Biol.
ISSN (print)0031-5362
ISSN (online)1849-0964
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles