How to format your references using the Periodicum Biologorum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Periodicum Biologorum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
MORR D K 2014 Physics. Lifting the fog of complexity. Science 343(6169): 382–383
A journal article with 2 authors
WU L and HICKSON I D 2003 The Bloom’s syndrome helicase suppresses crossing over during homologous recombination. Nature 426(6968): 870–874
A journal article with 3 authors
KAUFMAN Y J, TANRÉ D, and BOUCHER O 2002 A satellite view of aerosols in the climate system. Nature 419(6903): 215–223
A journal article with 4 or more authors
TRAGGIAI E, CHICHA L, MAZZUCCHELLI L, BRONZ L, PIFFARETTI J-C, LANZAVECCHIA A, and MANZ M G 2004 Development of a human adaptive immune system in cord blood cell-transplanted mice. Science 304(5667): 104–107

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MORAG N 2011 Comparative Homeland Security, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
DEB S, Ed, 2016 Child Safety, Welfare and Well-being: Issues and Challenges, Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
KHIARI M, BOIZUMAULT P, and CRÉMILLEUX B 2012 Combining Constraint Programming and Constraint-Based Mining for Pattern Discovery, In: Guillet F, Ritschard G, and Zighed D A (eds) Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Management: Volume 2, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p 85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Periodicum Biologorum.

Blog post
ANDREWS R China’s 4,000-Year-Old “Great Flood” Founding Myth Was True All Along, WEB:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE 2011 International Space Station: Approaches for Ensuring Utilization through 2020 Are Reasonable but Should Be Revisited as NASA Gains More Knowledge of On-Orbit Performance, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
YOUNG D L (2012), A phenomenological investigation of science center exhibition developers’ expertise development

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
VECSEY G (2010), For Once, Soccer Gods Smile on Spanish

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePeriodicum Biologorum
AbbreviationPeriod. Biol.
ISSN (print)0031-5362
ISSN (online)1849-0964
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles