How to format your references using the Periodicum Biologorum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Periodicum Biologorum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
ERWIN D H 2015 RETROSPECTIVE. Eric Davidson (1937-2015). Science 350(6260): 517
A journal article with 2 authors
TORQUATO S and JIAO Y 2009 Dense packings of the Platonic and Archimedean solids. Nature 460(7257): 876–879
A journal article with 3 authors
LUO Y, WHITE L, and HUI D 2004 Comment on “Impacts of fine root turnover on forest NPP and soil C sequestration potential.” Science 304(5678): 1745; author reply 1745
A journal article with 4 or more authors
ORGOVAN N, PETER B, BŐSZE S, RAMSDEN J J, SZABÓ B, and HORVATH R 2014 Dependence of cancer cell adhesion kinetics on integrin ligand surface density measured by a high-throughput label-free resonant waveguide grating biosensor. Sci Rep 4: 4034

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
NASR V G and DINARDO J A 2017 The Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia Handbook, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
KJEMS J, FERAPONTOVA E, and GOTHELF K V, Eds, 2014 Nucleic Acid Nanotechnology, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
CHAUHAN V S 2016 India’s Experience with Cash Management, In: Singh C (ed) Public Debt Management: Separation of Debt from Monetary Management in India, Springer India, New Delhi, p 57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Periodicum Biologorum.

Blog post
EVANS K Google’s April Fools’ Day Trick Lets You Play “Ms. Pac-Man” In Google Maps, WEB:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE 2001 Aviation Competition: Challenges in Enhancing Competition in Dominated Markets, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
KIM J W (2009), Perceptually motivated automatic dance motion generation for music

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GURLEY G (2016), On the Town With a Fleet Week Newbie

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePeriodicum Biologorum
AbbreviationPeriod. Biol.
ISSN (print)0031-5362
ISSN (online)1849-0964
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles