How to format your references using the Periodicum Biologorum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Periodicum Biologorum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
CELOTTI A 2008 Astronomy. Life after death. Science 321(5893): 1164–1165
A journal article with 2 authors
BAUER J and PRENZEL M 2012 Science education. European teacher training reforms. Science 336(6089): 1642–1643
A journal article with 3 authors
NEDERBRAGT A J, LOON A E VAN, and DICTUS W J A G 2002 Evolutionary biology: hedgehog crosses the snail’s midline. Nature 417(6891): 811–812
A journal article with 4 or more authors
ILTON M, BHAMLA M S, MA X, COX S M, FITCHETT L L, KIM Y, KOH J-S, KRISHNAMURTHY D, KUO C-Y, TEMEL F Z, CROSBY A J, PRAKASH M, SUTTON G P, WOOD R J, AZIZI E, BERGBREITER S, and PATEK S N 2018 The principles of cascading power limits in small, fast biological and engineered systems. Science 360(6387):

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
BARQUINHA P, MARTINS R, PEREIRA L, and FORTUNATO E 2012 Transparent Oxide Electronics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
EMERALD E, RINEHART R E, and GARCIA A, Eds, 2016 Global South Ethnographies: Minding the Senses, SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
LUO A C J 2012 Synchronization of Dynamical Systems in Sense of Metric Functionals of Specific Constraints, In: Luo A C J and Sun J-Q (eds) Complex Systems: Fractionality, Time-delay and Synchronization, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p 205

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Periodicum Biologorum.

Blog post
ANDREW E Scientists Convert Human Skin Cells Into Pain Sensing Nerves, WEB:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE 1994 Telecommunications: Financial Information on 16 Telephone and Cable Companies, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
MCCLIMON M (2016), A transformational approach to jazz harmony

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GORDON M (2015), Many Splendored Things

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePeriodicum Biologorum
AbbreviationPeriod. Biol.
ISSN (print)0031-5362
ISSN (online)1849-0964
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles