How to format your references using the Poultry Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Poultry Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ritchie, M. G. 2007. Evolution. Feathers, females, and fathers. Science 318:54–55.
A journal article with 2 authors
Michaelis, S., and C. A. Hrycyna. 2013. Biochemistry. A protease for the ages. Science 339:1529–1530.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gadsby, D. C., P. Vergani, and L. Csanády. 2006. The ABC protein turned chloride channel whose failure causes cystic fibrosis. Nature 440:477–483.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Levey, D. J., B. M. Bolker, J. J. Tewksbury, S. Sargent, and N. M. Haddad. 2005. Effects of landscape corridors on seed dispersal by birds. Science 309:146–148.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bullard, B. 2016. Style and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wicks, A. (Ed). 2015. Shock & Vibration, Aircraft/Aerospace, and Energy Harvesting, Volume 9: Proceedings of the 33rd IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Escoffier, B., J. Monnot, V. T. Paschos, and M. Xiao. 2012. New Results on Polynomial Inapproximability and Fixed Parameter Approximability of edge dominating set.Pages 25–36 in Parameterized and Exact Computation: 7th International Symposium, IPEC 2012, Ljubljana, Slovenia, September 12-14, 2012. Proceedings. Thilikos, D.M., Woeginger, G.J., eds. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Poultry Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Amputee Simultaneously Controls Two Robotic Prosthetic Limbs With His Thoughts. IFLScience Available at (verified 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs to Ensure Better Coordination When Approving Air Traffic Control Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yi, Z. 2009. Dynamics of bio-membranes investigated by neutron spin echo: Effects of phospholipid conformations and presence of lidocaine.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. 2009. Putin’s Party Wins in Regional Elections Across Russia. New York Times:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ritchie, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Ritchie, 2007; Michaelis and Hrycyna, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Michaelis and Hrycyna, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Levey et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePoultry Science
AbbreviationPoult. Sci.
ISSN (print)0032-5791
ISSN (online)1525-3171
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine

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