How to format your references using the Poultry Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Poultry Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Freeman, M. 2000. Feedback control of intercellular signalling in development. Nature 408:313–319.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eldar, A., and M. B. Elowitz. 2010. Functional roles for noise in genetic circuits. Nature 467:167–173.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rajca, A., J. Wongsriratanakul, and S. Rajca. 2001. Magnetic ordering in an organic polymer. Science 294:1503–1505.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shine, R., B. Phillips, H. Waye, M. LeMaster, and R. T. Mason. 2001. Benefits of female mimicry in snakes. Nature 414:267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sahinoglu, M. 2016. Cyber-Risk Informatics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cohen, Y. E., A. N. Popper, and R. R. Fay (Eds). 2013. Neural Correlates of Auditory Cognition. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Kalyebara, B., and S. M. N. Islam. 2014. Discounted Cash Flow for 75–106 in Corporate Governance, Capital Markets, and Capital Budgeting: An Integrated Approach. Islam, S.M.N., ed. Contributions to Management Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Poultry Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Paralyzed Woman Moves Thought Controlled Robotic Arm With Immense Precision. IFLScience Available at (verified 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Transportation Issue Area Plan: Fiscal Years 1998-2000--1999 Update. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valenzuela, J. 2014. Medicare advantage’s population make-up and its impact on the future of Medicare financing.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B., A. E. Kramer, and M. McINTIRE. 2017. Bank in Kushner Meeting Wields Power for Kremlin. New York Times:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Freeman, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Freeman, 2000; Eldar and Elowitz, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eldar and Elowitz, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Shine et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titlePoultry Science
AbbreviationPoult. Sci.
ISSN (print)0032-5791
ISSN (online)1525-3171
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine

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