How to format your references using the Poultry Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Poultry Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burbine, T. H. 2008. Planetary science. Identifying ancient asteroids. Science 320:457–458.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sun, F., and S. He. 2014. Extending the scanning angle of a phased array antenna by using a null-space medium. Sci. Rep. 4:6832.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grubb, P. J., D. A. Coomes, and D. J. Metcalfe. 2005. Comment on “A brief history of seed size.” Science 310:783; author reply 783.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Athanasiou, M., R. Smith, B. Liu, and T. Wang. 2014. Room temperature continuous-wave green lasing from an InGaN microdisk on silicon. Sci. Rep. 4:7250.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sewell, G. 2005. The Numerical Solution of Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Phillips-Wren, G., N. Ichalkaranje, and L. C. Jain (Eds). 2008. Intelligent Decision Making: An AI-Based Approach. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Idema, R., and D. J. P. Lahaye. 2014. Solving Nonlinear Systems of Equations.Pages 21–28 in Computational Methods in Power System Analysis. Lahaye, D.J.P., ed. Atlantis Studies in Scientific Computing in Electromagnetics. Atlantis Press, Paris.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Poultry Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. White House Requests $30 Million For Europa Mission. IFLScience Available at (verified 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. The Federal Role in Merchant Marine Officer Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dasari, R. A. 2016. Automatic driving system by recognizing road signs using digital image processing.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. 2003. The Czar Didn’t Sleep Here. New York Times:F1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burbine, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Burbine, 2008; Sun and He, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sun and He, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Athanasiou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePoultry Science
AbbreviationPoult. Sci.
ISSN (print)0032-5791
ISSN (online)1525-3171
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine

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