How to format your references using the Poultry Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Poultry Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Poitrasson, F. 2009. Geochemistry. Probes of the ancient and the inaccessible. Science 323:882–883.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ban, Y., and X. Chen. 2014. Counter-diabatic driving for fast spin control in a two-electron double quantum dot. Sci. Rep. 4:6258.
A journal article with 3 authors
Flak, M. B., J. F. Neves, and R. S. Blumberg. 2013. Immunology. Welcome to the microgenderome. Science 339:1044–1045.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Niskanen, A. O., K. Harrabi, F. Yoshihara, Y. Nakamura, S. Lloyd, and J. S. Tsai. 2007. Quantum coherent tunable coupling of superconducting qubits. Science 316:723–726.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morvillo, N. 2010. Science and Religion. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Pereira, F., P. Machado, E. Costa, and A. Cardoso (Eds). 2015. Progress in Artificial Intelligence: 17th Portuguese Conference on Artificial Intelligence, EPIA 2015, Coimbra, Portugal, September 8-11, 2015. Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Plaat, F. V. D. 2012. Striving for Education for All in Ghana.Pages 65–82 in Campaigning for “Education for All”: Histories, Strategies and Outcomes of Transnational Advocacy Coalitions in Education. Verger, A., Novelli, M., Mundy, K., Eickelberg, A., Grant, L., Hilgersom, S., Hoop, J., Plaat, F. van der, Sarfaty, J., eds. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Poultry Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2015. Parts Of The Persian Gulf Could Be Unsafe For Humans By 2100 Due To Climate Change. IFLScience Available at (verified 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Illegal Aliens: Assessing Estimates of Financial Burden on California. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, J. 2010. Viviendo en las sombras: Examining the educational experiences of undocumented immigrant Latino students in a public secondary school setting.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. 2016. Bob Dylan Responds, Elliptically, to His Nobel Prize After a Two-Week Silence. New York Times:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Poitrasson, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Poitrasson, 2009; Ban and Chen, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ban and Chen, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Niskanen et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePoultry Science
AbbreviationPoult. Sci.
ISSN (print)0032-5791
ISSN (online)1525-3171
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine

Other styles