How to format your references using the Climate Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharpe J (2014) Developmental biology: Cells unite by trapping a signal. Nature 515:41–42
A journal article with 2 authors
Walker MJ, Beatson SA (2012) Epidemiology. Outsmarting outbreaks. Science 338:1161–1162
A journal article with 3 authors
Moray C, Game ET, Maxted N (2014) Prioritising in situ conservation of crop resources: a case study of African cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). Sci Rep 4:5247
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kato H, Okazaki K, Iida T, et al (2013) Spt6 prevents transcription-coupled loss of posttranslationally modified histone H3. Sci Rep 3:2186

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Villarroel A (2015) Practical Clinical Epidemiology for the Veterinarian. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Blass A, Dershowitz N, Reisig W (eds) (2010) Fields of Logic and Computation: Essays Dedicated to Yuri Gurevich on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Amiri S, Semsarzadeh MA, Amiri S (2014) Cobalt Mediated Radical Polymerization of 4-Bromo-2,6-Dimethyl Phenol and Its Copolymerization with Poly(dimethyl siloxane) in the Presence of Co(acac)2: DMF Catalyst. In: Semsarzadeh MA, Amiri S (eds) Silicon Containing Copolymers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 25–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Dynamics.

Blog post
Carpineti C (2017) Spectacular Footage Of Narwhals Reveals The True Purpose Of Their Tusks. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Tax Systems Modernization: Management and Technical Weaknesses Must Be Corrected If Modernization Is to Succeed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greenhall JA (2008) Elucidating mechanisms of accelerated neurological aging. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2016) Pentatonix Is No. 1; Michael’s Streams Soar. New York Times C4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sharpe 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Walker and Beatson 2012; Sharpe 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Walker and Beatson 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kato et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Dynamics
AbbreviationClim. Dyn.
ISSN (print)0930-7575
ISSN (online)1432-0894
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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