How to format your references using the Climate Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Konner M (2001) Bad words. Nature 411:743
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolff EW, British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK. (2003) Ocean science. Whither Antarctic sea ice? Science 302:1164
A journal article with 3 authors
Clutton-Brock TH, Coulson T, Milner JM (2004) Red deer stocks in the Highlands of Scotland. Nature 429:261–262
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Butovskaya ML, Vasilyev VA, Lazebny OE, et al (2013) Aggression and polymorphisms in AR, DAT1, DRD2, and COMT genes in Datoga pastoralists of Tanzania. Sci Rep 3:3148

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nemethy L (2011) Business Exit Planning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Schauland D (2016) Troubleshooting Windows Server with PowerShell. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Helbing D, Johansson A (2013) On the Controversy Around Daganzo’s Requiem for and Aw–Rascle’s Resurrection of Second-Order Traffic Flow Models. In: Bressan A, Helbing D, Klar A, Zuazua E (eds) Modelling and Optimisation of Flows on Networks: Cetraro, Italy 2009, Editors: Benedetto Piccoli, Michel Rascle. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 271–302

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Computer Program Reconstructed Dinosaur Locomotion. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Command and Control: Upgrades Allow Deferral of $500 Million Computer Acquisition. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Witvorapong N (2011) The Dynamics of Living Arrangements Among the Elderly. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Patterson MJO (2015) A Quiet Outpost Beyond the Tunnel. New York Times RE11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Konner 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Konner 2001; Wolff and British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK. 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wolff and British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK. 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Butovskaya et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Dynamics
AbbreviationClim. Dyn.
ISSN (print)0930-7575
ISSN (online)1432-0894
ScopeAtmospheric Science

Other styles