How to format your references using the Climate Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beall J (2012) Predatory publishers are corrupting open access. Nature 489:179
A journal article with 2 authors
Palmer PI, Smith MJ (2014) Earth systems: Model human adaptation to climate change. Nature 512:365–366
A journal article with 3 authors
Lavender KL, Davis RE, Owens WB (2000) Mid-depth recirculation observed in the interior Labrador and Irminger seas by direct velocity measurements. Nature 407:66–69
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Iwano S, Sugiyama M, Hama H, et al (2018) Single-cell bioluminescence imaging of deep tissue in freely moving animals. Science 359:935–939

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moe TM, Chubb JE (2009) Liberating Learning. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA
An edited book
Zhou J, Yung M (eds) (2010) Applied Cryptography and Network Security: 8th International Conference, ACNS 2010, Beijing, China, June 22-25, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hartnoll RG (2006) Reproductive investment in Brachyura. In: Thessalou-Legaki M (ed) Issues of Decapod Crustacean Biology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 31–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Dynamics.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Gut Microbes Control Parkinson’s Disease In Mice. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Space Shuttle Facility Program: More Definitive Cost Information Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tan C (2014) Conceptualizing Psychological History: Edgar Allan Poe and the Themes of the Normal and the Pathological, Life and Death. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George J (2011) My Family’s Flop. New York Times WK10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Beall 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Beall 2012; Palmer and Smith 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palmer and Smith 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Iwano et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Dynamics
AbbreviationClim. Dyn.
ISSN (print)0930-7575
ISSN (online)1432-0894
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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