How to format your references using the Climate Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Galizia CG (2007) Neuroscience. Brainwashing, honeybee style. Science 317:326–327
A journal article with 2 authors
Lauder JM, Oppenheim R (2001) Obituary. Viktor Hamburger (1900-2001). Nature 412:496
A journal article with 3 authors
Berger G, Graef F, Pfeffer H (2013) Glyphosate applications on arable fields considerably coincide with migrating amphibians. Sci Rep 3:2622
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bhaduri B, Kandel M, Brugnara C, et al (2014) Optical assay of erythrocyte function in banked blood. Sci Rep 4:6211

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saleh SA, Rahman MA (2010) An Introduction to Wavelet Modulated Inverters. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Jiang X, Ma MY, Chen CW (eds) (2010) Mobile Multimedia Processing: Fundamentals, Methods, and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Diudea MV, Nagy CL (2007) Operations on Maps. In: Diudea MV, Nagy CL (eds) Periodic Nanostructures. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 115–136

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Using Seawater To Create Jet Fuel. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Financial Literacy: The Federal Government’s Role in Empowering Americans to Make Sound Financial Choices. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crawford MJ (2009) Empire’s experts: The politics of knowledge in Spain’s royal monopoly of quina (1751–1808). Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brady LS (2015) A Cobbler Is No Longer Barefoot. New York Times ST13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Galizia 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Lauder and Oppenheim 2001; Galizia 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lauder and Oppenheim 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Bhaduri et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Dynamics
AbbreviationClim. Dyn.
ISSN (print)0930-7575
ISSN (online)1432-0894
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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