How to format your references using the Climate Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenman CD (2012) Cancer. Haploinsufficient gene selection in cancer. Science 337:47–48
A journal article with 2 authors
Komatsu T, Itino T (2014) Moth caterpillar solicits for homopteran honeydew. Sci Rep 4:3922
A journal article with 3 authors
Dong Z, Hoven CW, Rosenfield A (2005) Lessons from the past. Nature 433:573–574
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Furukawa H, Ko N, Go YB, et al (2010) Ultrahigh porosity in metal-organic frameworks. Science 329:424–428

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hagen J (2004) Chemiereaktoren. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Konstantinidis S (ed) (2013) Implementation and Application of Automata: 18th International Conference, CIAA 2013, Halifax, NS, Canada, July 16-19, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Pan M, Czarnik C (2016) Image Detectors for Environmental Transmission Electron Microscopy (ETEM). In: Hansen TW, Wagner JB (eds) Controlled Atmosphere Transmission Electron Microscopy: Principles and Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 143–164

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Dynamics.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Meet The Most Complete Juvenile T. Rex Ever Discovered. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Federal Student Loans: Impact of Loan Limit Increases on College Prices Is Difficult to Discern. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chepete P (2008) Modeling of the factors affecting mathematical achievement of Form 1 students in Botswana based on the 2003 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2001) The Mayors Slept Here: Gracie Mansion Is Just the Latest. New York Times 144

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greenman 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Greenman 2012; Komatsu and Itino 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Komatsu and Itino 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Furukawa et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Dynamics
AbbreviationClim. Dyn.
ISSN (print)0930-7575
ISSN (online)1432-0894
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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