How to format your references using the Porcine Health Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Porcine Health Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Eisenstein M. Molecular biology: Remove, reuse, recycle. Nature. 2014;514:S2-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lin Y, Zhang Z. Controlling the efficiency of trapping in a scale-free small-world network. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6274.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Zhao M-H, Chen X-P, Wang Q. Wetting failure of hydrophilic surfaces promoted by surface roughness. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5376.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang Y, Cheng H, Edwards RL, He Y, Kong X, An Z, et al. The Holocene Asian monsoon: links to solar changes and North Atlantic climate. Science. 2005;308:854–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Köhler M. Nanotechnologie. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Wong PTP, Wong LCJ, editors. Handbook of Multicultural Perspectives on Stress and Coping. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Green B. Being Muslim in the Neoliberal West: Reflections on an Ethnographic Study of Muslim Women in Australia. In: Lovat T, editor. Women in Islam: Reflections on Historical and Contemporary Research. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Porcine Health Management.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Spiders Can Sail The Stormy Seas Using Silk Anchors [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-extreme-sport-spider-sailing/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Social Security Administration: Year 2000 Readiness Efforts Helped Ensure Century Rollover and Leap Year Success. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Apr. Report No.: AIMD-00-125.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mills LM. A mentoring program for foster youth transitioning into adulthood: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly R. QUOTATION OF THE DAY. New York Times. 2008 Jun 6;A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePorcine Health Management
AbbreviationPorcine Health Manag.
ISSN (online)2055-5660
Scope

Other styles