How to format your references using the Population Research and Policy Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Population Research and Policy Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aldhous, P. (2000). Global warming could be bad news for Arctic ozone layer. Nature, 404(6778), 531.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xu, D., & Zhang, Y. (2013). Ab Initio structure prediction for Escherichia coli: towards genome-wide protein structure modeling and fold assignment. Scientific reports, 3, 1895.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, G., Jalil, M. B. A., & Liang, G. (2014). Effect of band-alignment operation on carrier transport in Bi2Se3 topological insulator. Scientific reports, 4, 6220.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Humpherys, D., Eggan, K., Akutsu, H., Hochedlinger, K., Rideout, W. M., 3rd, Biniszkiewicz, D., et al. (2001). Epigenetic instability in ES cells and cloned mice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5527), 95–97.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Vreeswijk, M., Broersen, J., & Schurink, G. (2014). Mindfulness and Schema Therapy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Moritz, K. M. (2008). Factors Influencing Mammalian Kidney Development: Implications for Health in Adult Life. (M. Wintour-Coghlan, M. J. Black, J. F. Bertram, & G. Caruana, Eds.) (Vol. 196). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Azcue, P., & Muler, N. (2014). Characterization of Value Functions. In N. Muler (Ed.), Stochastic Optimization in Insurance: A Dynamic Programming Approach (pp. 75–96). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Population Research and Policy Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 18). Watch This Hydrogel Strut Across A Table. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Social Security: Telephone Access to Local Field Offices (No. HRD-91-112). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Takusi, G. S. (2010). A quantitative analysis of the extrinsic and intrinsic turnover factors of relational database support professionals (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2015, June 12). Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times, p. C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aldhous 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Aldhous 2000; Xu and Zhang 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xu and Zhang 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Humpherys et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titlePopulation Research and Policy Review
AbbreviationPopul. Res. Policy Rev.
ISSN (print)0167-5923
ISSN (online)1573-7829
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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