How to format your references using the Population Research and Policy Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Population Research and Policy Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Jong, G. (2005). Evolution. Is invariance across animal species just an illusion? Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5738), 1193–1195.
A journal article with 2 authors
Venkatesan, A. K., & Halden, R. U. (2014). Wastewater treatment plants as chemical observatories to forecast ecological and human health risks of manmade chemicals. Scientific reports, 4, 3731.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sturm, M., Racine, C., & Tape, K. (2001). Climate change. Increasing shrub abundance in the Arctic. Nature, 411(6837), 546–547.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xue, W., Zender, L., Miething, C., Dickins, R. A., Hernando, E., Krizhanovsky, V., et al. (2007). Senescence and tumour clearance is triggered by p53 restoration in murine liver carcinomas. Nature, 445(7128), 656–660.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Köhler, M. (2005). Nanotechnologie. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Dietrich, M., & Haase, J. (Eds.). (2012). Process Variations and Probabilistic Integrated Circuit Design. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, Y., Wu, F., Wang, N., Tang, K., Cheng, M., & Chen, X. (2015). KeJia-LC: A Low-Cost Mobile Robot Platform — Champion of Demo Challenge on Benchmarking Service Robots at RoboCup 2015. In L. Almeida, J. Ji, G. Steinbauer, & S. Luke (Eds.), RoboCup 2015: Robot World Cup XIX (pp. 60–71). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Population Research and Policy Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 3). After Pluto There’s Still Plenty Of The Solar System Left To Explore. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Information Technology: Homeland Security Needs to Improve Entry Exit System Expenditure Planning (No. GAO-03-563). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Domec, B. S. (2017). Development, Characterization, and Resultant Properties of a Carbon, Boron, and Chromium Ternary Diffusion System (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, October 5). Wilpons First Need To Replace Mind-Set. New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Jong 2005).
This sentence cites two references (de Jong 2005; Venkatesan and Halden 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Venkatesan and Halden 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Xue et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePopulation Research and Policy Review
AbbreviationPopul. Res. Policy Rev.
ISSN (print)0167-5923
ISSN (online)1573-7829
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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