How to format your references using the Population Research and Policy Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Population Research and Policy Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
da Silva Copertino, M. (2011). Add coastal vegetation to the climate critical list. Nature, 473(7347), 255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Temel, Y., & Jahanshahi, A. (2015). Neuroscience. Treating brain disorders with neuromodulation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6229), 1418–1419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Griffin, A. S., West, S. A., & Buckling, A. (2004). Cooperation and competition in pathogenic bacteria. Nature, 430(7003), 1024–1027.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Self, S., Blake, S., Sharma, K., Widdowson, M., & Sephton, S. (2008). Sulfur and chlorine in late Cretaceous Deccan magmas and eruptive gas release. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5870), 1654–1657.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lütolf-Carroll, C., Antti Pirnes, & Withers LLP. (2009). From Innovation to Cash Flows. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Casazza, P. G., & Kutyniok, G. (Eds.). (2013). Finite Frames: Theory and Applications. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Rischpater, R., & Zucker, D. (2010). Beginning Qt Development. In D. Zucker (Ed.), Beginning Nokia Apps Development: Qt and HTML5 for Symbian and MeeGo (pp. 59–86). Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Population Research and Policy Review.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, June 20). Does Education Give You Brain Cancer? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Assessing the Federal Program for Strengthening Developing Institutions of Higher Education (No. MWD-76-1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Myers, K. E. (2012). The First Determination of the Proton’s Weak Charge Through Parity-Violating Asymmetry Measurements in Elastic e + p and e + Al Scattering (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hooper-Bui, L. (2010, August 25). A Gulf Science Blackout. New York Times, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (da Silva Copertino 2011).
This sentence cites two references (da Silva Copertino 2011; Temel and Jahanshahi 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Temel and Jahanshahi 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Self et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePopulation Research and Policy Review
AbbreviationPopul. Res. Policy Rev.
ISSN (print)0167-5923
ISSN (online)1573-7829
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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