How to format your references using the Population Research and Policy Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Population Research and Policy Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2003). Neuroscience: genomics on the brain. Nature, 426(6968), 757.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang, M., & Liu, W.-M. (2014). The d-p band-inversion topological insulator in bismuth-based skutterudites. Scientific reports, 4, 5131.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, S., Zhang, Y. E., & Long, M. (2010). New genes in Drosophila quickly become essential. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6011), 1682–1685.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, G., Ye, X., Miller, E. J., & Liu, S. F. (2014). NF-κB-to-AP-1 switch: a mechanism regulating transition from endothelial barrier injury to repair in endotoxemic mice. Scientific reports, 4, 5543.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kulaev, I. S., Vagabov, V. M., & Kulakovskaya, T. V. (2005). The Biochemistry of Inorganic Polyphosphates. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sovacool, B. K. (2016). The Political Economy of Climate Change Adaptation. (B.-O. Linnér, Ed.). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Chiorean, M. (2015). Capsule Endoscopy in the Evaluation of Crohn’s Disease. In A. Rajesh & R. Sinha (Eds.), Crohn’s Disease: Current Concepts (pp. 33–46). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Population Research and Policy Review.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, January 30). Messy Galaxy Is A Cosmic Mystery. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Aviation Safety: Additional Actions Needed for Three Safety Programs (No. T-RCED-92-90). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khanabadi Ghehi, M. (2017). Global Operation of Integrated Decentralized Power Systems (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2006, December 3). Trash Law Is Meant To Deter Identity Theft. New York Times, p. LI13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2003; Yang and Liu 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang and Liu 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePopulation Research and Policy Review
AbbreviationPopul. Res. Policy Rev.
ISSN (print)0167-5923
ISSN (online)1573-7829
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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