How to format your references using the Population Research and Policy Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Population Research and Policy Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crutzen, P. J. (2010). Anthropocene man. Nature, 467(7317), S10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Amini, A., & Cheng, C. (2013). Nature of hardness evolution in nanocrystalline NiTi shape memory alloys during solid-state phase transition. Scientific reports, 3, 2476.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rudolph, M. L., Lekić, V., & Lithgow-Bertelloni, C. (2015). Viscosity jump in Earth’s mid-mantle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6266), 1349–1352.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yasuda, S., Sugiura, H., Katsurabayashi, S., Shimada, T., Tanaka, H., Takasaki, K., et al. (2014). Activation of Rheb, but not of mTORC1, impairs spine synapse morphogenesis in tuberous sclerosis complex. Scientific reports, 4, 5155.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimon, R. (2013). Enterprise Performance Management Done Right. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Brueckner, S. A., Marzo Serugendo, G. D., Karageorgos, A., & Nagpal, R. (Eds.). (2005). Engineering Self-Organising Systems: Methodologies and Applications (Vol. 3464). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Grüne, L., Allgöwer, F., Findeisen, R., Fischer, J., Groß, D., Hanebeck, U. D., et al. (2014). Distributed and Networked Model Predictive Control. In J. Lunze (Ed.), Control Theory of Digitally Networked Dynamic Systems (pp. 111–167). Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Population Research and Policy Review.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, February 12). The Genomes of Darwin’s Finches Have Now All Been Sequenced. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Tax Administration: Status of Tax Systems Modernization, Tax Delinquencies, and the Tax Gap (No. T-GGD-93-4). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Voma, S. K. (2017). Design of Power Management Circuit for Energy Harvesting Applications (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, December 5). Supreme Court Reconsiders Pivotal Louisiana Case on Racial Selection of Juries. New York Times, p. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crutzen 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Amini and Cheng 2013; Crutzen 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Amini and Cheng 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Yasuda et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePopulation Research and Policy Review
AbbreviationPopul. Res. Policy Rev.
ISSN (print)0167-5923
ISSN (online)1573-7829
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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