How to format your references using the Adsorption citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Adsorption. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Putterman, L.: Behavioural economics: A caring majority secures the future. Nature. 511, 165–166 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Abedin, M., King, N.: The premetazoan ancestry of cadherins. Science. 319, 946–948 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu, K., Lu, L., Suresh, S.: Strengthening materials by engineering coherent internal boundaries at the nanoscale. Science. 324, 349–352 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dohrenwend, B.P., Turner, J.B., Turse, N.A., Adams, B.G., Koenen, K.C., Marshall, R.: The psychological risks of Vietnam for U.S. veterans: a revisit with new data and methods. Science. 313, 979–982 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reinke, P.: Inorganic Nanostructures. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2012)
An edited book
Nguyen, N.-T., Hoang, K., Jȩdrzejowicz, P. eds: Computational Collective Intelligence. Technologies and Applications: 4th International Conference, ICCCI 2012, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, November 28-30, 2012, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Koulaouzidis, A., Douglas, S., Plevris, J.N.: Oesophageal Capsule Endoscopy. In: Li, Z., Liao, Z., and McAlindon, M. (eds.) Handbook of Capsule Endoscopy. pp. 119–128. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Adsorption.

Blog post
Davis, J.: We Are Now In “Uncharted Territory” As Climate Change Continues Into 2017,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Research: Content and Coordination of Space Science and Technology Strategy Need to Be More Robust. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2011)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carley, R.: Evaluation of the impact of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and hurricanes on wildfires in southeast Louisiana, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J., Yee, V.: Questioning Cuomo’s Order on Homelessness, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Putterman 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Abedin and King 2008; Putterman 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abedin and King 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Dohrenwend et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdsorption
AbbreviationAdsorption (Boston)
ISSN (print)0929-5607
ISSN (online)1572-8757
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Surfaces and Interfaces

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