How to format your references using the Adsorption citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Adsorption. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cale, C.M.: Forensic DNA evidence is not infallible. Nature. 526, 611 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kokko, H., López-Sepulcre, A.: From individual dispersal to species ranges: perspectives for a changing world. Science. 313, 789–791 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bueno, J.T., Shchukina, N., Ramos, A.A.: A substantial amount of hidden magnetic energy in the quiet Sun. Nature. 430, 326–329 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Quinn, K.P., Sridharan, G.V., Hayden, R.S., Kaplan, D.L., Lee, K., Georgakoudi, I.: Quantitative metabolic imaging using endogenous fluorescence to detect stem cell differentiation. Sci. Rep. 3, 3432 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shunmugaperumal, T.: Biofilm Eradication and Prevention. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2010)
An edited book
Kountchev, R., Nakamatsu, K. eds: New Approaches in Intelligent Image Analysis: Techniques, Methodologies and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Dolce, P., Vinzi, V.E., Lauro, C.: Path Directions Incoherence in PLS Path Modeling: A Prediction-Oriented Solution. In: Abdi, H., Esposito Vinzi, V., Russolillo, G., Saporta, G., and Trinchera, L. (eds.) The Multiple Facets of Partial Least Squares and Related Methods: PLS, Paris, France, 2014. pp. 59–70. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Adsorption.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: You Are Living Inside A Massive, Musical Instrument – And Here’s What It Sounds Like,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Student Aid: Financial Assistance to Scholarship Athletes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1987)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Foster, R.L.: The Perceptions of Language Minority Parents Regarding Informed Consent in the Special Education Process, (2016)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S.: Can She Keep You Safe?, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cale 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cale 2015; Kokko and López-Sepulcre 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kokko and López-Sepulcre 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Quinn et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdsorption
AbbreviationAdsorption (Boston)
ISSN (print)0929-5607
ISSN (online)1572-8757
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Surfaces and Interfaces

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