How to format your references using the Adsorption citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Adsorption. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benton, M.J.: Evolution. How birds became birds. Science. 345, 508–509 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Hauser, M.D., Bever, T.: Behavior. A biolinguistic agenda. Science. 322, 1057–1059 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Jönsson, T.J., Johnson, L.C., Lowther, W.T.: Structure of the sulphiredoxin-peroxiredoxin complex reveals an essential repair embrace. Nature. 451, 98–101 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kienast, M., Steinke, S., Stattegger, K., Calvert, S.E.: Synchronous tropical South China Sea SST change and Greenland warming during deglaciation. Science. 291, 2132–2134 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
West, B.J., Griffin, L.A.: Biodynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Zayas, V., Hazan, C. eds: Bases of Adult Attachment: Linking Brain, Mind and Behavior. Springer, New York, NY (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Armando, A., Bonacina, M.P., Ranise, S., Schulz, S.: On a Rewriting Approach to Satisfiability Procedures: Extension, Combination of Theories and an Experimental Appraisal. In: Gramlich, B. (ed.) Frontiers of Combining Systems: 5th International Workshop, FroCoS 2005, Vienna, Austria, September 19-21, 2005. Proceedings. pp. 65–80. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Adsorption.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: Think Swearing Isn’t Big Or Clever? Think Again,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: Comments on Proposed OMB Guidance for Implementing the Government Paperwork Elimination Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1999)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mehlinger, S.: Fault Lines, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: With Memories Entrenched, a Hallowed Site Plows Forward, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benton 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Benton 2014; Hauser and Bever 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hauser and Bever 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Kienast et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdsorption
AbbreviationAdsorption (Boston)
ISSN (print)0929-5607
ISSN (online)1572-8757
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Surfaces and Interfaces

Other styles