How to format your references using the Adsorption citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Adsorption. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weiss, U.: Intestinal networks in health and disease. Nature. 474, 297 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor, P.G., Townsend, A.R.: Stoichiometric control of organic carbon-nitrate relationships from soils to the sea. Nature. 464, 1178–1181 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
Sahu, G., Sukumaran, S., Bera, A.K.: Pannexins form gap junctions with electrophysiological and pharmacological properties distinct from connexins. Sci. Rep. 4, 4955 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nie, L., Meng, A., Yu, J., Jaroniec, M.: Hierarchically macro-mesoporous Pt/γ-Al2O3 composite microspheres for efficient formaldehyde oxidation at room temperature. Sci. Rep. 3, 3215 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hossain, M.E.: Fundamentals of Drilling Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
Hulst, R., Montfort, A. van eds: Inter-Municipal Cooperation in Europe. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Cullinane, K., Cullinane, S., Wang, T.: A Hierarchical Taxonomy of Container Ports in China and the Implications for Their Development. In: Lee, P.T.-W. and Cullinane, K. (eds.) Dynamic Shipping and Port Development in the Globalized Economy: Volume 1: Applying Theory to Practice in Maritime Logistics. pp. 79–101. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Adsorption.

Blog post
Taub, B.: Scientists Have Found The Source Of Emotional Resilience In The Brain,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: The Air Force Continued To Develop the Advanced Logistics System, a Program It Was Directed To Cancel. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1978)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dillon, K.S.: Social support to families of children with special needs: A grant, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J., Fitzsimmons, E.G.: Ride-Sharing Apps See Potential Upstate, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weiss 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Taylor and Townsend 2010; Weiss 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor and Townsend 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Nie et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdsorption
AbbreviationAdsorption (Boston)
ISSN (print)0929-5607
ISSN (online)1572-8757
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Surfaces and Interfaces

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