How to format your references using the Adsorption citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Adsorption. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keeling, P.J.: Genomics. Deep questions in the tree of life. Science. 317, 1875–1876 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Tegler, S.C., Romanishin, W.: Extremely red Kuiper-belt objects in near-circular orbits beyond 40 AU. Nature. 407, 979–981 (2000)
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanaka, S., Sawaya, M.R., Yeates, T.O.: Structure and mechanisms of a protein-based organelle in Escherichia coli. Science. 327, 81–84 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Song, J., Wu, L., Chen, Z., Kohanski, R.A., Pick, L.: Axons guided by insulin receptor in Drosophila visual system. Science. 300, 502–505 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boutillier, S., Carré, D., Levratto, N.: Entrepreneurial Ecosystems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
Black, E., Modgil, S., Oren, N. eds: Theory and Applications of Formal Argumentation: Second International Workshop, TAFA 2013, Beijing, China, August 3-5, 2013, Revised Selected papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Pascha, W.: On the Time Lag between Technology Policy and FDI Policy in Korea - A Comment on Jin-Hyo Joseph Yun’s Paper. In: Mahlich, J.C. and Pascha, W. (eds.) Innovation and Technology in Korea: Challenges of a Newly Advanced Economy. pp. 55–58. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Adsorption.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: LISA Pathfinder: Ready For Space In Search Of Gravity Waves,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: At-Risk Youth: School-Community Collaborations Focus on Improving Student Outcomes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2000)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wager, L.: Racial differences in the relationship between child externalizing and corporal punishment: The role of other discipline strategies, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: Backman Will Not Return as Mets’ Class AAA Manager, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keeling 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Keeling 2007; Tegler and Romanishin 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tegler and Romanishin 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Song et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdsorption
AbbreviationAdsorption (Boston)
ISSN (print)0929-5607
ISSN (online)1572-8757
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Surfaces and Interfaces

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