How to format your references using the IEEE Control Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Control Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Batty, “Sociology. A theory of city size,” Science, vol. 340, no. 6139, pp. 1418–1419, Jun. 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Kim and T. M. Swager, “Control of conformational and interpolymer effects in conjugated polymers,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6841, pp. 1030–1034, Jun. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. D. Levy, C. R. Landry, and S. W. Michnick, “Cell signaling. Signaling through cooperation,” Science, vol. 328, no. 5981, pp. 983–984, May 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. Yu et al., “Crystal structures of catalytic complexes of the oxidative DNA/RNA repair enzyme AlkB,” Nature, vol. 439, no. 7078, pp. 879–884, Feb. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. E. Barnett and W. B. Johnson, Ethics Desk Reference for Counselors. Alexandria, VA, USA: American Counseling Association, 2015.
An edited book
S. J. Frucht, Ed., Movement Disorder Emergencies: Diagnosis and Treatment, 2nd ed. 2013. 2nd ed. Current Clinical Neurology. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Wang, H. Wang, J. Li, and H. Gao, “Efficient Influence Maximization in Weighted Independent Cascade Model,” in Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 21st International Conference, DASFAA 2016, Dallas, TX, USA, April 16-19, 2016, Proceedings, Part II, S. B. Navathe, W. Wu, S. Shekhar, X. Du, S. X. Wang, and H. Xiong, Eds., in Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Control Systems.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Shell Gets Final Permit To Allow It To Begin Drilling In The Arctic,” IFLScience, Aug. 18, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “NTSB Access-to-Aircraft Privileges,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, OSI-95-12R, Dec. 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. Risley, “Exploring Congruency between John A. Henschke’s Practice and Scholarship,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, “Moscow: A Boom Town For Shiny New Theaters,” New York Times, p. E3, Dec. 01, 2005.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Control Systems
ISSN (print)1066-033X
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

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