How to format your references using the IEEE Control Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Control Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V. Stambolic, “Cancer: Precise control of localized signals,” Nature, vol. 522, no. 7554, pp. 38–40, Jun. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. L. Turner and P. M. Haygarth, “Biogeochemistry. Phosphorus solubilization in rewetted soils,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6835, p. 258, May 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. S. Echtay, E. Winkler, and M. Klingenberg, “Coenzyme Q is an obligatory cofactor for uncoupling protein function,” Nature, vol. 408, no. 6812, pp. 609–613, Nov. 2000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. J. Reilly, J. M. Taylor, J. R. Petta, C. M. Marcus, M. P. Hanson, and A. C. Gossard, “Suppressing spin qubit dephasing by nuclear state preparation,” Science, vol. 321, no. 5890, pp. 817–821, Aug. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Chaudhry et al., 2015 Interpretation and Application of International Financial Reporting Standards. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
M. Z. Zgurovsky, Evolution Inclusions and Variation Inequalities for Earth Data Processing I: Operator Inclusions and Variation Inequalities for Earth Data Processing, vol. 24. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
B. K. Tripathy, M. S. Sishodia, and S. Jain, “Societal Networks: The Networks of Dynamics of Interpersonal Associations,” in Social Networking: Mining, Visualization, and Security, M. Panda, S. Dehuri, and G.-N. Wang, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 101–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Control Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Active Volcano On Reunion Island Erupts For Third Time In 2015,” IFLScience, Aug. 06, 2015. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Highway Needs: An Evaluation of DOT’s Process for Assessing the Nation’s Highway Needs,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-87-136, Aug. 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. K. Hong, “Stomach cancer diet education and screening awareness in East Asian American women,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Micklethwait, “In Search of World Order,” New York Times, p. BR1, Nov. 22, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Control Systems
ISSN (print)1066-033X
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

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