How to format your references using the IEEE Control Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Control Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. Reichhardt, “Funding woes spell doom for US radio dish,” Nature, vol. 404, no. 6773, p. 7, Mar. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Menand and S. R. Tait, “A phenomenological model for precursor volcanic eruptions,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6838, pp. 678–680, Jun. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Ezawa, Y. Tanaka, and N. Nagaosa, “Topological phase transition without gap closing,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2790, Sep. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. C. Blasiak, F. H. Vaillancourt, C. T. Walsh, and C. L. Drennan, “Crystal structure of the non-haem iron halogenase SyrB2 in syringomycin biosynthesis,” Nature, vol. 440, no. 7082, pp. 368–371, Mar. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Simon, Control of Biological and Drug-Delivery Systems for Chemical, Biomedical, and Pharmaceutical Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
R. Cowen and A. M. Kazamias, Eds., International Handbook of Comparative Education, vol. 22. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Pradel, “Winged Immortals and Heavenly Beings Across the East Asian Skies,” in Spirits in Transcultural Skies: Auspicious and Protective Spirits in Artefacts and Architecture Between East and West, N. Gutschow and K. Weiler, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 99–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Control Systems.

Blog post
D. Andrew, “What Do Olympians Actually Eat?,” IFLScience, 15-Aug-2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Relocation of Space Shuttle Major Modification Work,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-03-294R, Dec. 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. L. Frisbee, “The impact of mobile health (mhealth) technology on family caregiver’s burden levels and an assessment of variations in mhealth tool use,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Alderman, “Europe Surveys the Gig Economy And Wants Worker Safeguards,” New York Times, p. B1, 01-Oct-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Control Systems
ISSN (print)1066-033X
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

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