How to format your references using the IEEE Control Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Control Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Kemp, “Science in culture: naturally natural. Albrecht Dürer’s studies of animals have a life of their own,” Nature, vol. 420, no. 6917, p. 744, 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. R. Safinya and Y. Li, “Materials science. Bundling with x-rays,” Science, vol. 327, no. 5965, pp. 529–530, Jan. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Choe, M. S. Kelker, and I. A. Wilson, “Crystal structure of human toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) ectodomain,” Science, vol. 309, no. 5734, pp. 581–585, Jul. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. A. Hanson, C. B. Chang, S. M. Graves, Z. Li, T. G. Mason, and T. J. Deming, “Nanoscale double emulsions stabilized by single-component block copolypeptides,” Nature, vol. 455, no. 7209, pp. 85–88, Sep. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Rees, Supply Chain Management in the Drug Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
S. N. Sivanandam, Introduction to Genetic Algorithms. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Y. K. Chua and S. Banerjee, “Analyzing Users’ Trust for Online Health Rumors,” in Digital Libraries: Providing Quality Information: 17th International Conference on Asia-Pacific Digital Libraries, ICADL 2015, Seoul, Korea, December 9-12, 2015. Proceedings, R. B. Allen, J. Hunter, and M. L. Zeng, Eds., in Lecture Notes in Computer Science. , Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 33–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Control Systems.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “SpaceX Unveils New Dragon Capsule That Could Carry Astronauts To The ISS,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “The President’s Decision to Order a Chinese Company’s Divestiture of a Recently Acquired U.S. Aircraft Parts Manufacturer,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-NSIAD-90-21, Mar. 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. J. Hooper, “Los Angeles School Police Department Arrest Diversion: A Process Evaluation,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Glanz and D. E. Sanger, “Trump, Who Pledged to Overhaul Nuclear Arsenal, Now Faces Higher Costs,” New York Times, p. A16, Jun. 04, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Control Systems
ISSN (print)1066-033X
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

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