How to format your references using the IEEE Control Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Control Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, “Grappling for grants,” Nature, vol. 419, no. 6909, p. 3, Oct. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. K. Rai and R. Cook-Deegan, “Genetics. Moving beyond ‘isolated’ gene patents,” Science, vol. 341, no. 6142, pp. 137–138, Jul. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Santamaría, M. Diaz, and F. Valladares, “Science in Europe. Dark clouds over Spanish science,” Science, vol. 340, no. 6138, p. 1292, Jun. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Yasui, M. Miyano, S. Cai, P. Varga-Weisz, and T. Kohwi-Shigematsu, “SATB1 targets chromatin remodelling to regulate genes over long distances,” Nature, vol. 419, no. 6907, pp. 641–645, Oct. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. B. Kadane and D. A. Schum, A Probabilistic Analysis of the Sacco and Vanzetti Evidence: Kadane/A Probabilistic. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1997.
An edited book
C. Hamer, Ed., Creating Mobile Games: Using JavaTM ME Platform to Put the Fun into Your Mobile Device and Cell Phone. Berkeley, CA: Apress, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Huang and J. Yang, “Digital Learners and Digital Teachers: Challenges, Changes, and Competencies,” in Competencies in Teaching, Learning and Educational Leadership in the Digital Age: Papers from CELDA 2014, J. M. Spector, D. Ifenthaler, D. G. Sampson, and P. Isaias, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 47–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Control Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Embryonic Stem Cells Show Promise As MS Treatment In Mice,” IFLScience, Jun. 17, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Narcotic Addiction Treatment and Rehabilitation Programs in New York City,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-166217, Apr. 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O. Sylvain, “Domesticating ‘the Great, Throbbing, Common Pulse of America’: A Study of the Ideological Origins of the Radio Act of 1927,” Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, “The Little State With a Big Mess,” New York Times, p. BU1, Oct. 23, 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Control Systems
ISSN (print)1066-033X
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

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