How to format your references using the Political Geography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Political Geography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilczek, F. (2013). Physics: The enigmatic electron. Nature, 498(7452), 31–32.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kosaka, Y., & Xie, S.-P. (2013). Recent global-warming hiatus tied to equatorial Pacific surface cooling. Nature, 501(7467), 403–407.
A journal article with 3 authors
Perryman, S. A. M., Clark, S. J., & West, J. S. (2014). Splash dispersal of Phyllosticta citricarpa conidia from infected citrus fruit. Scientific Reports, 4, 6568.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Eroglu, Z., Zaretsky, J. M., Hu-Lieskovan, S., Kim, D. W., Algazi, A., Johnson, D. B., Liniker, E., Ben Kong, Munhoz, R., Rapisuwon, S., Gherardini, P. F., Chmielowski, B., Wang, X., Shintaku, I. P., Wei, C., Sosman, J. A., Joseph, R. W., Postow, M. A., Carlino, M. S., … Ribas, A. (2018). High response rate to PD-1 blockade in desmoplastic melanomas. Nature, 553(7688), 347–350.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dmytryk, R. (2011). Wildlife Search and Rescue. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Munné, A., Ginebreda, A., & Prat, N. (Eds.). (2016). Experiences from Surface Water Quality Monitoring: The EU Water Framework Directive Implementation in the Catalan River Basin District (Part I) (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 42). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
McCown, D., Reibel, D., & Micozzi, M. S. (2010). The Person of the Teacher. In D. Reibel & M. S. Micozzi (Eds.), Teaching Mindfulness: A Practical Guide for Clinicians and Educators (pp. 91–101). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Political Geography.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, September 29). Teeny Tiny Snail Could Fit In A Needle’s Eye 10 Times. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Social Security Administration: Update on Year 2000 and Other Key Information Technology Initiatives (T-AIMD-99-259). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGrew, C. (2008). Living with Diabetes: The Value of Everyday Communication [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LaFORGIA, M. (2017, October 9). Delaying Repairs on Decrepit Tracks. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilczek, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kosaka & Xie, 2013; Wilczek, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kosaka & Xie, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Perryman et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Eroglu et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titlePolitical Geography
AbbreviationPolit. Geogr.
ISSN (print)0962-6298
Geography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

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