How to format your references using the World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson M. Physics masterclass. Nature 2012;490:S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walter RC, Merritts DJ. Natural streams and the legacy of water-powered mills. Science 2008;319:299–304.
A journal article with 3 authors
Squartini T, van Lelyveld I, Garlaschelli D. Early-warning signals of topological collapse in interbank networks. Sci Rep 2013;3:3357.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hildebrand ME, Pitcher GM, Harding EK, Li H, Beggs S, Salter MW. GluN2B and GluN2D NMDARs dominate synaptic responses in the adult spinal cord. Sci Rep 2014;4:4094.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hetherington S. How to Know. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Vittorini P, Gennari R, Marenzi I, Prieta F de la, Rodríguez JMC, editors. International Workshop on Evidence-Based Technology Enhanced Learning. vol. 152. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Rémy B, Thuillier A, Werner A. Bruhat-Tits Buildings and Analytic Geometry. In: Ducros A, Favre C, Nicaise J, editors. Berkovich Spaces and Applications, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 141–202.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion.

Blog post
Taub B. Opioid Painkillers May Actually Make You More Sensitive To Pain. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tank Recovery Vehicle: Status of Program Acquisition and Full-Scale Engineering Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Geiselman CK. Diet and reproduction of sympatric nectar-feeding bat species (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in French Guiana. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Encouraging Signs for the Ailing Mets. New York Times 2017:SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion
AbbreviationWorld J. Acupunct. Moxibustion
ISSN (print)1003-5257

Other styles