How to format your references using the World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Howard K. The view from the top. Nature. 2003 Dec 11;426(6967):696–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carvalho AB, Clark AG. Y chromosome of D. pseudoobscura is not homologous to the ancestral Drosophila Y. Science. 2005 Jan 7;307(5706):108–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deana A, Celesnik H, Belasco JG. The bacterial enzyme RppH triggers messenger RNA degradation by 5’ pyrophosphate removal. Nature. 2008 Jan 17;451(7176):355–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Thornalley DJR, Oppo DW, Ortega P, Robson JI, Brierley CM, Davis R, et al. Anomalously weak Labrador Sea convection and Atlantic overturning during the past 150 years. Nature. 2018 Apr;556(7700):227–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bi J. Sensory Discrimination Tests and Measurements. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Ferraz Dias de Moraes MA. Production of Ethanol from Sugarcane in Brazil: From State Intervention to a Free Market. Zilberman D, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. (Natural Resource Management and Policy; vol. 43).
A chapter in an edited book
Pupo JCP, Pupo JCP, Pupo JCP, Escobar RR, Mejia EG, de la Rosa Pérez C. Air Space and Bronchi – II. In: Pedrozo Pupo JC, editor. Learning Chest Imaging. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 107–33. (Learning Imaging).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion.

Blog post
Carpineti A. NASA To Explore The Core Of A Failed Planet In Newly Announced Missions [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Arts Funding: Public Funding Profiles of the NEA States and Cities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Dec. Report No.: GGD-92-35FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim M. Adult ESL Korean readers’ responses about their reading in L1 Korean and L2 English [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. A Choreographer Vanishes In Murky Russian Mystery. New York Times. 2005 Feb 15;E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pimentel 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston 2007; Kanthor 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carvalho and Clark 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Arthur et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion
AbbreviationWorld J. Acupunct. Moxibustion
ISSN (print)1003-5257

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