How to format your references using the Current Landscape Ecology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Landscape Ecology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Robinson A. Archaeology: A clash of symbols. Nature. 2012;483:27–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Cameron R, Schüssler M. Solar physics. The crucial role of surface magnetic fields for the solar dynamo. Science. 2015;347:1333–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ammerman AJ, Pinhasi R, Bánffy E. Comment on “Ancient DNA from the first European farmers in 7500-year-old Neolithic sites.” Science. 2006;312:1875; author reply 1875.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Xu X, Norell MA, Wang X-L, Makovicky PJ, Wu X-C. A basal troodontid from the Early Cretaceous of China. Nature. 2002;415:780–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cyr KS. Microsoft® Exchange Server 2010 Administration. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Semrud-Clikeman M. Child Neuropsychology: Assessment and Interventions for Neurodevelopmental Disorders. 2nd ed. Ellison PAT, editor. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Au L, Jordan B, Wu W, Batalin M, Kaiser WJ. Design of Wireless Health Platforms. In: Bonfiglio A, De Rossi D, editors. Wearable Monitoring Systems. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2011. p. 81–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Landscape Ecology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. These Infographics Show How Doomed The Arctic Really Is [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Truck Safety: The Safety of Longer Combination Vehicles Is Unknown. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Mar. Report No.: RCED-92-66.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Marcus J. Voices of survival: Opera in Theresienstadt [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gordon MR, Schmitt E. Russian Exercise On NATO Border Has U.S. on Alert. New York Times. 2017 Aug 1;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Landscape Ecology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Landsc. Ecol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2364-494X

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