How to format your references using the Current Landscape Ecology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Landscape Ecology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Szathmáry E. Evolution. To group or not to group? Science. 2011;334:1648–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kalcheim C, Rohrer H. Neuroscience. Following the same nerve track toward different cell fates. Science. 2014;345:32–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Shipley B, Vile D, Garnier E. From plant traits to plant communities: a statistical mechanistic approach to biodiversity. Science. 2006;314:812–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. He L, Wu X-S, Mohan R, Wu L-G. Two modes of fusion pore opening revealed by cell-attached recordings at a synapse. Nature. 2006;444:102–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Walter RJ. Local Emergency Planning Committee Guidebook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1998.
An edited book
1. Mistry M, Leonardis A, Witkowski M, Melhuish C, editors. Advances in Autonomous Robotics Systems: 15th Annual Conference, TAROS 2014, Birmingham, UK, September 1-3, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Quentel-Touche C. Charles V’s Visual Definition of the Queen’s Virtues. In: Green K, Mews C, editors. Virtue Ethics for Women 1250-1500. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 53–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Landscape Ecology Reports.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Top Pharmaceutical Companies Ranked On How They Are Improving Access To Medicine [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/top-pharmaceutical-companies-ranked-on-how-they-are-improving-access-to-medicine/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Special Education Reform: Districts Grapple with Inclusion Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Apr. Report No.: T-HEHS-94-160.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Fahmy C. Intoxicated by music: A content analysis of the prevalence of alcohol, illicit substances, and tobacco in popular music from 2000 to 2011 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Dominus PS. Cambio de vidas: Los hermanos perdidos de Bogotá. New York Times. 2015 Jul 12;MM34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Landscape Ecology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Landsc. Ecol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2364-494X
Scope

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